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Full text of "Nepali English Dictionery 2007 uploaded by Chisapani Nepal"

Nepali-English Dictionary 

compiled by Karl-Heinz Kramer 
South Asia Institute, University of Heidelberg 

(updated: 14 April 2007) 



aba 


3R 


adv. 


now, from now on 


abaddha 


au«w 


n./adj. 


bound, tied up confined 


abela 


3HHI 


n./adj. 


lateness, late 


aber 


3T%T 


adj. 


late 


aber bhayo 


3T%T *Rt 


comp. 


it is late 


abhas 


3TTm^" 


n. 


glimpse, shadow, 
reflection, vision, faint 
memory, inkling 


abhav 


3T^fR 


n. 


non-existence, absence, 
lack, scarcity 


abhaya 


ST^RT 


n. 


lack of fear 


abhibhavak 

■ i ; ■ ■ _i_ 


3Tf^r^Ncb 


n. 


guardian 


abhilekh 


3ir*H^ 


n. 


inscription 


abhinaya 


srf^pr 


n. 


mimicry, imitation 


abhiprerit 


3TMfW 


adj. 

i : 


motivated 


abhipret 


3if^yd 


adj. 


planned 


abhiram 


3TftTPT 


adj. 


extremely beautiful, 
sublime 


abhiruci 

ii" i 1 1_ ■ 




n. 


inclination, earnest desire, 
liking 


abhivriddhi 


3tt*t^: 


n. 


development 


abhiyan 


3TftrzrR" 


n. 


expedition, march, 
exploration 


abhiyog 


3Tf^ifFT 


n. 


accusation, allegation, 
charge 


abhiyukta 




adj. 


accused 


abhrak 


3TW 


n. 


mica, talco (a soft mineral) 


abhyas 


3T^|H 


n. 


practice 


abrak 


3iw 


n. 


mica, talco (a soft mineral) 


acamma 


3|t|44J 


n. 


surprise, wonder, 
amazement 


acamma lagnu 


3HH <HIH 


v.i. 


to be surprised, to be 
amazed, to be astonished 


acamma parnu 




v.i. 


to be surprised, to be 
amazed, to be astonished 



acamma parnu 

acanak 

acano 
acanu 
acar 

acar 
acaran 

accer 



acel 

achut 

achuti 
achutoddhar 

ad 

adalat 
adambar 
adan-pradan 






3T5fHT 

3T^TR 

SperTT 

3TT^TR 



W^\ 



<H^dWK 
3TT^TC 



aaarniya 


3K<"IW 


adarniya sadasya 


dJK<"f|A| *KW 


adarsh 


3TTT3T 


adarvaci 


cHK<=H^fl 


adaunu 


^MH 

O 


adda 


3|^| 


adesh 


3TT^T 


adha 


mm 


adhai baje 


3?w? ^ 


adhaini 


^IS-fl 



v.t. 


to surprise, to amaze, to 
astonish 


adv. 


suddenly, abruptly, 
unexpectedly 


n. 


cutting board for meat 


n. 


cutting board for meat 


n. 


hot and sour pickle, pickles, 
chutney, salsa 


n. 


conduct, behaviour 



n. 


conduct, behaviour, 




practice 


n. 


letter [of the alphabet], 




[written] character, [except 




numerals], alphabet, 




syllable 


adv. 


these days, nowadays, 




recently, presently 


adj. 


untouchable, of lowest 




caste 


n. 


untouchable, lowest caste 


n. 


reformation of 




untouchables 


n. 


support, prop 


n. 


law court 


n. 


conceit, ostentation 


n. 


giving and taking of things, 




exchange, social 




communication, give and 




take 


adj. 


respectable, deserving 




honour 


n. 


honorary member 



n. 


honorary member 


n. 


ideal, value 


adj. 


polite 


v.t. 
n. 


to support, to hold up, to 
stop 

office; court of law 


n. 


order, instruction, 
command 


adj. 


half 


adv. 


half past two 


n. 


the senior woman in a 



adham 

adhar 

adharat 

adharbhut 

adharit 

adharit cha 

adharma 

adhi 

adhikar 

adhikari 

adhikrit 

ad hi raj 

adhirajkumar 
adhirajya 

adhiveshan 
adhogati 
adhunik 
adhyaksha 

adhyay 
adhyayan 

adi 

adijati 
adikal 
adikaran 

adikavi 
adikavya 
adinu 
adityavar 



3TSTR" 
3TTSTRRT 

srrsnfor 
3Tsnt 

3mft 

3TteR 

c 

3Tfcnj^r 
3TsrPT% 

3T£q-^r 

srswr 

3TTft 

3TTf^M 
3TTf^n?T 

3TTf^T^T 



palace harem 

adj. mean, low, wretched, base, 

vile 

n. foundation, basis, support 

n. midnight 

adj. basic, fundamental 

adj. based upon 

based upon 

n. sinfulness, irreligiousness 

adj. almost a half 

n. right, authority, procession, 

proprietorship 

n. officer, one having 

authority, magistrate, 
proprietor 

adj. authorised, vested with 

authority 

n. supreme ruler, sovereign, 

overlord 



n. 


prince 


n. 


sovereignty, empire, 
kingdom 


n. 


session, meeting, sitting 


n. 


fall, downfall, degradation 


adj. 


modern, recent, current 


n. 


chief, master, director, 
chairman, superintendent, 




supervisor 


n. 


chapter, section, canto 


n. 


study, learning, tuition, 
perusal 


n./adj. 


beginning, primary, origin, 
first, basic; etcetera, etc. 


n. 


tribe, tribal, autoethon 



n. 


tribe, tribal, autoethon 


n. 


primeval time 


n. 


first cause, fundamental 




cause 


n. 


first poet, pioneer poet 


n. 


first epic, Ramayana 


v.i. 


to stop 


n. 


Sunday 



adivasi 

adkalnu 
adkanu 

adkaunu 
adnu 
aduva 
advittiya 

agadha 

agadi 

agadi badhaunu 
agadi badhnu 

agal-bagal 

agami 

agati 

age 

agena 

ageno 

aghadi 

aghat 
aghaun 
aghaunu 
aghi 

aghi lagnu 

aghi nai 
aghi sarnu 

aghi-aghi 

aghillo 



3FTTST 
3FTT% 

3FTT% ^T 

3TFTPft 

3FT% 

3TFT 

3FHT 

3FRT 

3mT% 



3TTW 



\3 


* 




* t 


3rffer *nf 



3ri%r srffer 



n. 


aborigine, original 
inhabitant 


v.t. 


to guess 


v.i. 


to get stuck, to be stopped, 
to be halted 


v.t. 


to cause to stick 


v.i. 


to stop, to cease moving 


n. 


ginger 


adj. 


unparalleled, second-to- 
none 


adj. 
postp. 


unfathomable, bottomless, 
deep 

in front of, before, ahead, 
toward the front, first 


v.t. 


to lead forward 


v.i. 


to advance, to move 
forward 


adv. 


from left to right, on both 
sides 


adj. 
n. 


coming, forthcoming, 
ensuing 

decline, lack of progress 


adj. 


before, future, in furute 


n. 


fireplace, hearth 


n. 


fireplace 




in front of, before, toward 
the front, first 


n. 


blow, assault 


adv. 


next year 


v.i. 


to be satisfied with eating 


v.t. 
adv. 


already, before, previously, 
formerly, facing, in front of, 
ago, 

to go first, to go ahead, to 
lead, to guide 

already, long ago 


v.i. 
adj. 


to advance, to volunteer, to 
incite, to instigate 

a long time ago, in times 

gone by 

first, former, front, anterior, 



aghiltira 
aghi-pachi 



3tM^k 



aghisamma 


cHIW-HH 


agio 


«JH«n 


agio 


<HIM~) 


aglyaunu 


^^I^H 


agni 


3Tf>^" 


agnikand 


«hPh+i^ 


ago 


3TFTt 


agraha 


<HWS 


agulto 




aguva 




agya 


«fll*ll 


agyakari 


<HI?ll+lO 


agyan 


<sl*IM 


agyat 


«fl*IM 


ahan 
ahangkar 


3Tf 


<HSfK 


ahar 


cHI^K 


ahara 


31 SKI 


ahat 


cHl^d 


ahile 


3fe<H 


aimai 


#\$H\i 


ain 


^T 


aina 


^TT 


aincatana 


l^MHI 


ainselu 


^ 


aipugnu 


3I$HH 


aitavar 


<HI$cHK 





last, previous 


adv. 


in front of, facing 




some other time, before, on 




other occasions, generally, 




usually, in single file, one 




after another, sequentially, 




surrounded by 


adv. 


until recently 


adj. 


tall, high 


n. 


latch, bolt 


v.t. 


to lock, to pull to [a door] 


n. 


fire 


n. 


fire, conflagration 


n. 


fire 


n. 


desire, longing, craving, 




zeal, urging, insistence 


n. 


piece of burning wood 


n./adv. 


leader, leading 


n. 


order, command, 




instruction, permission 


adj. 


obedient 


n./adj. 


ignorance; ignorant 


adj. 


unknown, secret, obscure 


int. 


no 


n. 


arrogance, conceit 


n. 


food, diet 


n. 


food, diet 


adj. 


struck, beaten 


adv. 


now, this time 


n. 


woman 


n. 


law, legal code, rule 


n. 


mirror, looking glass, pane 




of glass 


adj. 


out of control, controlled by 




outsideforces 


n. 


yellow raspberry 


v.i. 


to arrive 


n. 


Sunday 



aitihasik 


^HSlfa* 


adj. 


historical 


aja 


3TM 


adv. 


today 


aja bihana 


3TM fa SHI 


comp. 


this morning 


ajabholi 


3iM*nRi 


adv. 


nowadays 


ajakal 


3IN+H 


adv. 


nowadays 


ajan 


3MH 


adj. 


ignorant 


ajang 


3H^ 


adj. 


huge, very big, enormous, 
formidable 


ajat 


3MM 


adj. 


outcaste, low caste, not 
born 


ajatshatru 


3HM3~H 


adj. 


having no enemy 


ajha 


3TS" 


adv. 


still, yet, moreover, now 


ajhai 


2 

3T?T 


conj. 

-J! 


even then, even now 


ajivan 


3||4)=H 


adj. 


throughout life, for a whole 
life-time 


akad 


3jc^ 


n. 


insistence, obstinacy, 
stubbornness, persistence 


akado 


3*^ 


adj. 


obstinate, stubborn 


akal 


3jcM 


„,j: 


wisdom, intelligence, 
cleverness, knowledge, 
skilful, clever, wise 


akalpaniya 


3jcbcM4)i| 


adj. 


unimaginable, unthinkable, 
inconceivable 


akamakaunu 


3jcb^cb|^H 


v.i. 

i : 


to hesitate, to pause 


akamakka 


31*414* 

r 


adj. 

. . j. 


confused, baffled, 
disconcerted, 
dumbfounded, perplexed 


akamakka parnu 


3jcM4* TH 


V.I. 


to be confused, to be 
baffled, to be in a 
quandary, to be taken 
aback, to be disconcerted, 
to be rattled, to hesitate, to 
pause 


akangksha 


au+i^srr 


n. 


aspiration 


akanksha 


3U+ISIT 


n. 

i : 


wish, desire, intention 


akantak 


3jcbUdcb 


adj. 


free from trouble, 
unobstructed, thornless 


akapat 


31+Mci 


adj. 


guiltless, frank, open 


akar 


3II+K 


n. 

-J! 


size, shape, form, outline 


akaraniya 


3jcb<u[)i| 


adj. 


improper, unfit to be 
performed 


akarma 


3jcb^ 


n. 


unnecessary act, wicked 



act 



akarmak 


31*4* 

r 


adj. 


intransitive 


akarmanya 


3jcb^Ui| 


adj. 


idle, useless, good for 
nothing 


akarmi 


3jcb41 


n. 


a do nothing, sinner, evil- 
doer, rogue, villain 


akarna 


3j*U| 




deaf, having no ear 


akarna 


3jcM 


n. 


official record, document, 




r 




list of official records 


akarsan 


3||et»b|U| 

r 


n. 


attraction 


akartavya 


3j*d^ 


adj. 


improper, unfit to be done 


akartha 


3t*t?t 


adj. 


without cause, pointlessly, 
in vain 


akash 


3j|cb|^T 


n. 


sky, space 


akashe tara-marg 


311+1^1' dK -HMI 


n. 


cable railway 


akashvani 


3UeMS(e||ufi 


n. 


radio broadcast 


akasmat 


^ch^Hlcl 


adv. 

i : 


suddenly, accidentally, 
unexpectedly, all of a 
sudden 


akasmik 


3j|*^H* 


adj. 


sudden, abrupt, accidental, 
casual 


akathaniya 


3^41*1 


adj. 


inexpressible, 
indescribable, 
inexpressible, obscene, 
indecent 


akathya 


3T*3ET 


adj. 


inexpressible, 
indescribable, 
inexpressible, obscene, 
indecent, filthy, unutterable 


akavat 


3jcb=ld 


n. 


duty, God 


akbar 


3|cM< 


n. 


name of the third Indian 
Moghul Emperor 


akbare 


3jcM< 


adj. 

i : 


pungent chilli, extraordinary 
hot 


akbari 


3JeM(l 


adj. 


related to Akbar, pure, 
unadulterated 


akelo 


3jcbHI 


adj. 


alone 


akhabar 


31<s|«1l<. 


n. 


newspaper 


akhir 


3nf^: 


adv. 


at last, eventually 


akkal 

_ i,i, _ i: 


3H=M 


n. 


knowledge, cleverness, 
thought 


akkali 


3HcMl 


adj. 


clever, intelligent 


akkase 


314+1 3 


adj. 


sky-blue 



akkasinu 

akraman 

akrista 

akriti 

aksar 

akshansh 
akshar 



aksijan 

alag 

alainci 

alangkar 

alasya 

alchi 

alekha 

algyaunu 

alhad 

ali 
ali 

alikati 

alilo 

aljhanu 

aljhaunu 

alkatra 

allare 

almalaunu 

almalinu 

almari 

alocana 

alocanatmak 



c 
c 



3TOT 



3TT^ft 

3^|^M 
3TwTR 

sttfrtO 

3JIHNHI 
3JM~NHIcH* 



v.i. 


to fly up 


n. 


attack, invasion 


adj. 


attracted, drawn, charmed 


n. 


size, shape, form, outline 


adv. 


often, frequently, usually, 




many, a lot 


n. 


latitude 


n. 


letter [of the alphabet], 




[written] character, [except 




numerals], alphabet, 




syllable 


n. 


oxygen 




separate, different 


n. 


cardamom 


n. 


embellishment 


n. 


laziness, idleness 


adj. 


lazy, idle 


n. 


writing, script, anything 




written 


v.t. 


tho lift, to raise, to release, 




to set free 


n. 


delight, fulfilment 


adj. 


a bit, a little, few 


n. 


ridge at the edge of a field- 




terrace 


adj. 


a little, a small quantity 


adj. 


lacking salt, tasteless 


v.i. 


to get caught up in 


v.t. 


to entangle 


n. 


asphalt 


n. 


rover 


v.t. 


to confuse, to lead astray 


v.i. 


to be bewildered, to be 




amazed, to be confused 


n. 


shelves, cupboard 


n. 


criticism, critique 


adj. 


critical 



alok 

alpamat 

alsi 

alu 

alu tachnu 

alubakhada 

am 

ama 

amai 

amaju 

amala 

amanav 

amanya 

amar 

amarkosh 

amba 

amdani 

amdani badhaune 

amilo 

amir 

amiri 

amkhora 

amnirvacan 

amol 

amrit 

amulya 

amurta 

an 

anadarvaci 

anadi 

analamaya 

anand 

anandi 



3TTR" 

3TFTT 

3TTt 



3TFTT^" 



3FSTT 

3TT^Fft 

3Tf*Mf 
3pfk 

sTRftrr 

c 

3f 
3HK<=ll4t 



n. 


enlightenment, light, 
brightness 


n. 


minority 


adj. 


lazy, idle 


n. 


potato 


v.t. 


to peel off potatoes 


n. 


plum-tree 


adj. 


common, general 


n. 


mother 


n. 


grandmother [rural] 


n. 


husband's elder sister 


n. 


a kind of fruit [sour-sweet] 


adj. 


inhuman 


adj. 


unaccepted, unobeyed 


adj. 


immortal, undying 


n. 


(a Sanskrit dictionary 
compiled by Amar Singh) 


n. 


guava 


n. 


income 


n. 


income generating 


adj. 


sour 


adj. 


wealthy, rich 


adj. 


wealthy, rich 


n. 


brass pot for drinking from 
tumbler 


n. 


general elections 


adj. 


priceless, invaluable 


n./adj. 


elixir, nectar; immortal 


adj. 


priceless, invaluable 


adj. 


formless 


int. 


yes 


adj. 


non-honorific [ling.] 


adj. 


having no beginning, self- 
born 


adj. 


fiery 


n. 


happiness 


adj. 


happy 



ananta 

anar 

anarsa 

anashan 

anatha 

anautha 

anautho 

anautikta 
anavarat 
anbhaunu 

ancal 

ancal adalat 
ancal nyayadhish 
ancal prashasan 
ancal sabha 
ancaladhish 
ancetnu 

anda 

andaji 

anderi 

andha 

andhabhakta 

andhakar 
andheri 
andhi 
andhiyar 

andhopan 
andhyaro 

andolan 



3mrc 



3T^fw 



3T?M 



3HlPdTbl 
3H=Kd 






VV3 









STEZTRt 
3j|^MH 



adj. 


infinite, endless 


n. 


pomegranate 


n. 
n. 


a kind if sweet bread made 
of rice flour, sugar and 
butter 

fasting 


adj. 


uncared for, orphaned 


adj. 
adj. 

n. 


queer, unusual, 
extraordinary 

queer, unusual, 
extraordinary, strange, 
peculiar 

immorality 


adj. 


unceasing, constant 


v.t. 
n. 


to say good-bye to the 
couple in marriage, to send 
away a bride 

zone 


n. 


zonal court 


n. 


zonal judge 


n. 


zonal administration 


n. 


zonal assembly 


n. 


zonal commissioner 


v.t. 
n. 


to discipline, to impress, to 
press, to push with force 

egg 


adv. 


appropriately, about 


n. 


castor-oil plant 


adj. 


blind 


n. 
n. 


blind follower, superstitious 
person 

darkness 


adj. 


dark, gloomy 


n. 


storm, strong wind 


n. 
n. 


sharer of half the land or 
crop 

blindness 


n./adj. 
n. 


dark, gloomy, sad, 
darkness, ignorance, gloom 

agitation, riot, movement 



10 



andra 


3 1^1 




n. 


entrails 


anduva 


<H^dl 

\3 




n. 


not castrated animal 


aneka 


^H* 




adj. 


several, many 


ang 


3TT^ 




n. 


part, body, portion, limb, 
procedure 


anga pugnu 


4\f MH 

1 vi vc 


i 




to be the procedure 
complete 


anga-bhanga 


m w 




n. 


mutilation of a limb 


anga-bhanga garnu 


3Tf w 


r 

V5 


v.t. 


to amputate, to dismember 
to mutilate 


angacched 


<Hij^ 




n. 


amputation 


angalnu 


4<M 




v.t. 


to adopt, to accept, to 
follow, to embrace, to hug 


angalo 


3FTMT 




n. 


hug, embrace, armful, the 
bent arm 


angan 


«HMM 




n. 


yard, courtyard, house, 
home 


angar 


3FTR 




n. 


cinder, ember, the black 
substance of charcoal 


anga-raksha 


3Tf-TSTT 




n. 


protection of body 


anga-rakshak 


3Tf-T5R 




n. 


body guard 


angethi 


«jM 




n. 


iron or clay vessel to carry 
fire, portable fireplace 


anggur 


3FR 




n. 


grape 


anghi 
angikar 


4iM 




n. 


storm, whirlwind, hurricane 


dj^l+K 


r 


n. 


acceptance 


angikar garnu 


dj^l+K 


V3 


v.t. 


to accept, to follow 


angikrit 


<*Hfl+d 

c 




adj. 


adopted, agreed, promised 


angikrit nagarikta 


dHfl+d 

c 


HMlRcbdl 


n. 


adopted citizenship 


angikrit nepali 
nagarikta 


<*Hfl+d 

c 


HMMI HHIK+dl 


n. 


adopted Nepali citizenship 


anginti 


<*HHIH 




adj. 


countless 


angka 


3Tf 




n. 


numeral, digit, issue, 



angka ra akshar 

angka ra aksharle 
bolaunu 

angka-ganit 



*\ *\ 



3Tf T 3TCTT 
3Tf-7Tt^Td" 



number [of a periodical], 
mark [in an examination], 
score, points [in a game], 
act [in a drama] 

figure and letter 

to call by figure and word 

arithmetic, mathematics 



11 



angkamal 

angkapatra 

angkit 

angkuran 

angocha 

angrej 

angreji 

angsha 



angshadan 
angshadhar 
angshako hak 

angshiyar 
angul 
anguli mudra 

anguli pratimudra 

angur 

ani 

anicchit 

anikal 

anil 

anivarya 

anjali 



anjuli 



3TpTM 
3lfW 

3TffTW 
3f^T 



3fmTC 

3FT^ft ^T 

3Tf^T 
3Tf^TFf 



3T^^ft 



anka 



3T^ 



n. 


embrace 


n. 


label, fillet 


adj. 


marked, written, endorsed, 
encounted 


n. 


germination, beginning 


n. 


towel, napkin 


n. 


Englishman, Westerner, 
white man 


n./adj. 
n. 


English, British, English 
language 

share, division, fragment, 
ingredient, contribution, 
element, portion, clause, 
sub-clause 


n. 


contribution, donation 


n. 


share-holder, heir 


n. 
n. 


heirship, right to the 
paternal property 
co-heir, sharer, partner 


n. 


finger, a finger's breadth 


n. 
n. 


fingerprint, nameprinted 
ring 

finger impression 


n. 


grape 


conj. 


and, then, and then 


adj. 


undesired, unwished for 


n. 


famine 


n. 


wind 


adj. 


inevitable 


n. 


the open palms of the 
hands held together and 
slightly cupped, a double 
handful, offering in worship, 
tribute 


n. 


the open palms of the 
hands held together and 
slightly cupped, a double 
handful, offering in worship, 
tribute 


n. 


numeral, digit, issue, 
number [of a periodical], 
mark [in an examination], 
score, points [in a game], 



12 



ankai 


3^13 


ankanaunu 


3^cMI^M 

^3 


ankha 


3TMF 


ankhako nani 




ankhibhuin 


3TMllf? 


ankuro 




ankush 


\3 


anmaunu 


31-HHH 

V3 


anna 
anna-bhandar 


3T^T 


3T^T-^"J^K 


anp 


3Tfq" 


anshu 


3TTCT 


ant 


3TO 


anta 


3TTST 


anta 


3T^r 


anta garnu 


3T^f 7R 


antai 


3T^f 


antar 


^-d< 


antaral rajya 


Si-cKM <MI 


antardeshiya 


3ici3?tk 


antardeshiya jalpath 


3\<&*Wm ^iHH«r 


antardeshiya patra 




antardeshiya vanijya 


3|d<*!MKI elllUM 


antardhvans 


r 


antargat 


3-d -Md 

r 


antargrasta 


3|cHlw 


antarik 


3j|-dRcb 


antariksha 


rr\ 


antarmukhi 




antarrastriya 




antarrastriya kanun 




antarrastriya 


3^d<llW ^cMH 





act [in a drama] 


n. 


estimate, evaluation 


v.i. 


to hesitate 


n. 


eye 


n. 


pupil 


n. 


eyebrow 


n. 


shoot, seedling, bud, fresh 




shoot of a plant 


n. 


hook 


v.t. 


to say good-bye to the 




couple in marriage, to send 




away a bride 


n. 


grain, food 


n. 


granary 


n. 


mango 


n. 


tear, teardrop 


n. 


courage, boldness 


n. 


wheat flour 


n. 


end, conclusion 


v.t. 


to end, to finisch 


adv. 


elsewhere 


n./adj. 


difference, interval; inner, 




inter- 


n. 


buffer state 


adj. 


inland, domestic 


n. 


inland waterways 


n. 


inland letter 


n. 


internal trade 


n. 


sabotage 


adj. 


included, comprised 


adj. 


involved 


adj. 


interior, inner, internal 


n. 


space, universe 


adj. 


introvert, inward-looking 


adj. 


international 


n. 


international law 


n. 


International Monetary 



13 



anubhav 

anubhavi 
anubhuti 

anudan 

anugaman 

anuhar 

anukramnika 

anukul 

anuman 

anumati 

anupasthit 
anupras 



mudrakos 




antarvarta 
antarvasan 


r 


<HcHI<H<1 

r r\ 


antarvasi 


<HcHl<Hl 


antarvasit 


<HcHII*id 

rr\ r 


antarvasit garnu 




antarvirodh 


^-d<r=i<m 


antastha desh 


3M**T ^T 


anthanabbe 


cHr6M^| 


anthaunna 


^-6HH 


anthyaunu 




anti 


3T% 


antim 


^P-d'H 


antis 


<HP--c1<H 


antnu 


^IdH 

NV3 


antya 


cHrci| 


antyesti 


cH'-cilKi 



Fund [IMF] 



3T^T^fd" 



3FRR 

3H^frfor^r 

3H^d" 



3T^fTfd" 



n. 


interview 


n. 
n. 


internship, confinement 
within prescribed limits 

internee 


adj. 


interned 


v.t. 


to intern 


n. 


self-contradiction, inner 
contradiction 


n. 


buffer state 


num. 


ninety-eight, 98 


num. 


fifty-eight, 58 


v.t. 
n. 


to catch firmly, to seize, to 
clutch, to grasp firmly 

ultimatum 


adj. 


last, final, conclusive, 
ultimate 


adj. 


last 


v.i. 


to dare, to take the risk 


n./adj. 


end, last run 


n. 


the last rites after death, 
funeral ceremony, 
obsequies 


n. 


experience, feeling, 
sensation 


adj. 


experienced 


n. 
n. 


real knowledge, 
experience, sensation 

grant 


n. 


follow-up 


n. 


face, countenance 


n. 


contents, list of contents 


adj. 

n. 

n. 


favourable, agreeable, 
friendly 

inference, guess, 
presumption 

permission, consent, 
assent 


adj. 


absent 


n. 


alliteration 



14 



anurodh 
anurodh garnu 

anurup 

anusandhan 
anusar 

anusaran 

anushasan 

anuvad 

anuvakta 

anuvar 

anveshan 

anya 

anyatra 

anyaya 
apaci 
apadha 
apaharan 

apanaunu 

aparadh 

aparadhi 

aparicit 

aparjhat 

apas 






3T^~FT 



3m 

3JM£<U| 

3JMHHH 

3mra" 

3mrsft 
3rqf^f^rcr 

3JM<^6 
3TTW 



apashoc 


3TT^TT5T 


apasma 


3TTWfTT 


aphai 


3Trt 


aphisar 


A*K 


aphno 


<*ll4v-|l 



n. 


request, entreaty, prayer 


v.t. 


to request, to ask for, to 




pray 


adj. 


resembling, corresponding, 




similar, analogous, 




congruous 


n. 


research, investigation 


postp. 


according to, in accordance 




with, equivalent to, in 




conformity with 


n. 


compliance, accordance 


n. 


discipline, instruction 


n. 


translation, immitation 


n. 


translator 


n. 


face, countenance 


n. 


exploration 


adj. 


other 


adj. 


elsewhere, somewhere 




else, in some other place 


n. 


injustice 


adj. 


undigested, undigestible 


adj. 


illiterate, unlettered 


n. 


abduction, kidnapping, 




usurpation 


v.t. 


to adopt, to make use of, to 




apply 


n. 


crime, offence, guilt, fault, 




sin 


n./adj. 


criminal, wrongdoer 


adj. 


unknown, unfamiliar 


adv. 


suddenly, surprisingly, all of 




a sudden 


n. 


those close to oneself, 




relatives 


n. 


regret, sorrow 



adj. among each other, among 

themselves 

adv. self, personally 

n. officer 

adj. one's own 



15 



aphnu 


3JI4-H 


adj. 


one's own 


apil 


3^<H 


n. 


appeal, contradiction, 
objection 


aprakashit 


srer^rfrrcr 


adj. 


unpublished 


apratyashik 


3T^?mftw 


adj. 


unexpected, sudden 


apravasi 


3iiy«iufi 


n. 


immigrant 


apsara 


3im<i 


n. 


nymph, fairy, spirit 


apurva 




adj. 


new, strange 


arab 


3T^f 


num. 


one billion, 1.00.00.00.000 


arajakta 


3j<Ncbdl 


n. 


anarchy 


arakshan 


3TR^T 


n. 


reservation 


aram 


mm 


n. 


comfort, rest 


arambha 


mr&{ 


n. 


beginning, start 


are 


3R 




(reported speech marker) 


arini 


3j^iu[) 


adj. 


free from debt 


arje 


3TM 


n. 


prophecy, prediction, 
forecast 


arko 


3T^t 


adj. 


another, next, second 


arop 


3IKIH 


n. 


imputation, allegation, 
insinuation, accusation 


arpanu 


V3 


v.t. 


to offer up, to dedicate 


artha 


m 


n. 


finance, wealth, nmeaning, 
significance, import, 
interpretation, explanation 


arthadanda 


3pJ<4«^ 


n. 


fine 


artha-mantri 


3tf-*k4) 


n. 


minister of finance 


arthashastra 


3^hllW 


n. 


economics, political 



arthat 

arthik 

arthik matava 

arthyaunu 

arti 

aru 
aru 



3T^ 



n. 


minister of finance 


n. 
adv. 


economics, political 
economy 

that is to say, in other 
words, i.e. 


adj. 


economic, financial 


n. 


economic importance 


v.t. 


to make sense of, to 
understand 


n. 


advice, counsel, lesson, 
instruction, precept, moral 
lesson, admonition 


n. 


peach 


adj. 


another, more, either, 
further 



16 



aru kohi 
arubakhada 
asabhya 
asadh 

asadharan 

asadhya 

asahamati 

asahaya 
asal 

asali 

asam 

asaman 

asamanta 

asamaya 

asamayik 

asambhava 
asan 

asanggati 

asankhya 

asanna 

asantusta 

asantusti 
asapas 
asaphal 
asar 

asar 



3T^ i*f\ 



3RTTSET 



3TW 

3TRTTR" 

3TRTRFI 

3RWPcn 

3TRR 
3T^fT% 



3TWT 
3TRT^T 

3T^TO 

3T^rfte 
3TRTTRT 

3TCTK 
3TCT 



someone else 

n. plum 

adj. uncivilised, uncultured 

n. Asadh or Asar, third month 

of the Nepali year [June- 
July] 



adj. 


unusual, uncommon 


adj. 


very, extremely 


n. 


disagreement, dissent, 




discordance 


adj. 


helpless 


adj. 


real, true, pure, 




unadulterated, morally 




good 


adj. 


real, genuine 


n. 


Assam 


n. 


sky 


n. 


inequality 


n. 


untimeliness, bad or 




unfitting time 


adj. 


inopportune, untimely, 




inconvenient 


adj. 


impossible 


n. 


seat, stool, office, post, 




posture, throne 


n. 


incoherence, irrelevance, 




absurdity, irrationality, 




incompatibility, anomaly 


adj. 


innumerable, countless, 




beyond number 


adj. 


imminent, impencing, near, 




close 


adj. 


dissatisfied, discontented, 




displeased, reluctant 


n. 


dissatisfaction 


adv. 


nearabout, nearby 


adj. 


unsuccessful, failure 


n. 


Asadh or Asar, third month 




of the Nepali year [June- 




July] 


n. 


effect, influence, mark, 




authority 



17 



asat 

ash 

asha 

ashangka 

ashanti 
ashaya 

ashcarya 

ashcaryalagdo 

ashiksha 

ashikshit 

ashirvacan 

ashirvacan 

ashirvad 

ashirvad 

ashis 

ashis dinu 

ashlil 

ashram 

ashraya 



3TW 
3TT3T 

3Tr^t^r 

arfVrQTT 

srrefNhR 

3TTft"FT f^T 
3TTSR" 



ashrit 


3TTte 


ashu 


3TT3T 

V3 


ashuddha 


\5 


ashutos 


STRICT 

si 


ashvin 


3TTT>^T 


asi 


3T# 


asima 


<H*fl^ 


asimit 


^4lWd 


asoj 


<H*fM 



adj. 
n. 


evil, bad, non-existent, 
illusory 

hope 


n. 


hope 


n. 


suspicion, doubt, fear, 
dread 


n. 


lack of peace, unrest 


n. 
n. 


meaning, aim, intention, 
purport 

wonder, surprise, 
astonishment 


adj. 


surprising 


n. 


illiteracy 


adj. 


uneducated, unlettered, 
illiterate 


n. 


blessing, benediction 


n. 


blessing 


n. 


blessing, benediction 


n. 


blessing 


n. 


blessing, benediction 


v.t. 


to bless 


adj. 


indecent, vulgar 


n. 


hermitage, residential 
institute 


n. 


dependence, resort, 
reliance, retreat 


postp. 


depending on, relying on 


adj. 


quick, speedily, immediate, 
swift 


adj. 


impure 


adj. 


contended, easily pleased 


n. 


Ashvin or Asoj, fifth month 
of the Nepali year 
[September-October] 

eighty, 80 


adj. 


boundless, unlimited 


adj. 


boundless, unlimited 


n. 


Ashvin or Asoj, fifth month 



of the Nepali year 
[September-October] 



18 



aspast 

aspastata 

aspatal 

astaunu 

astha 

asthipanjar 

asti 

astiko bihibar 

astitva 

astrashastra 

astreliya 

asuvidha 

asvabhavik 

asvasth 

asvikar 

atah 

atainu 

atal 

atangka 



3TW£ 
3T^T^TT 

3TT^TT 
3#£TT^1T 

3fcT: 
3T^T 



3TTcT 



atangkit 


«Wcllfd 


ataunu 


<Hdl^H 


ateri 


3T^t 


ath 


3TTS 


athara 


<H6K 


athasi 


<H6l*fl 


athaun 


srraf 


athava 


3TW 


athcahs 


^Ml^ 


athhattar 


<H6£tK 


athsatthi 


^6«6t£] 



adj. 


not clear, indistinct, vague, 




dim, obscure, blurred, 




ambiguous 


n. 


lack of clarity, uncertainty, 




haziness 


n. 


hospital 


v.i. 


to set [sun, moon or star] 


n. 


faith, reverence, veneration 


n. 


skeleton 


adv. 


the day before yesterday, 




recently, the other day 




last Thursday 


n. 


existence, being, entity 


n. 


weaponry, armament, 




arms, weapons 


n. 


Australien 


n. 


inconvenience 


adj. 


unnatural 


adj. 


unhealthy.morbid 


n. 


non-acceptance, rejection, 




refusal, denial 


conj. 


hence, therefore, thus 


v.i. 


to fit into, to be contained 


adj. 


firm, irrevocable, resolute, 



n. 



unwavering, steadfast, still, 
unmoving 

fear, terror, panic, phobea, 
suffering 



adj. 


terrified 


v.i. 


to fit into, to be contained 


adj. 


headstrong, obstinate 


num. 


eight, 8 


adj. 


eighteen, 18 


adj. 


eighty-eight, 88 


adj. 


eighth 


conj. 


or 


adj. 


forty-eight, 48 


adj. 


seventy-eight, 78 


adj. 


sixty-eight, 68 



19 



athtis 


316dW 


adj. 


thirty-eight, 38 


ati 


3T% 


adj. 


very much, exceeding, 
extremely, beyond 


atikraman 
atirikta 




n. 
adv. 


infringement, 
contravention, violation 

extra, additional, excessive 


^IdKTb 


atit 


3jdld 


n./adv. 


past, gone 


atithighar 


srfcff^tK 


n. 


guest house, guest 
chamber 


atithishala 


3TfMV^IHI 


n. 


guest house, guest 
chamber 


atma 


<HlcHI 


n. 


mind, heart, intellect, soul 


atmabhiman 


3jlcHlr^H 


n. 


self-respect, self-esteem 


atmabodhak 

— j. — . _ i j. 


<HlcHMI£r^ 


adj. 


reflexive [linguistics] 


atmahatya 


r\ r 


n. 


suicide, self-murder, self- 
killing 


atmanirbhar 


^IcHH^K 


n. 


self-dependence, self- 
support 


atmasamman 


3JlcH*iHH 


n. 


self-respect, self-regard 


atmavibhorta 


3jlcHl=WKdl 


n. 


fascination 


atmavishvas 


3jlcHr=l^m 


n. 


self-confidence 


atripti 

„4~l„ III,*.. 


31dRd 

c 


n. 


insatiability, lack of 
appeasement 


attahka 


3^1^-1*1 


n. 


balcony, verandah 


attar 


3M< 

r 


n. 

i : 


scent, fragrance 


atthais 


*166l^ 


adj. 


twenty-eight, 28 


attinu 


3#tH 


v.i. 


to be frightened, to be 
nerveous 


atur 


3jld< 


adj. 


sick, wounded, impatient, 
anxious 


atut 


3T^ 


adj. 


unbroken, continuous, 
continual 


atuva 


3!d=ll 


n. 


ginger 


atyacar 


3MMK 


n. 


atrocity, tyranny, excess, 
outrage, oppression 


atyanta 


3M-d 


adj. 


a lot, much, very much, 
exceedingly, utterly, 
extremely 


atyavashyak 


3ki||c|SpT^ 

p 


adj. 


very necessary, essential 


atyukti 


^3 


n. 


hyperbole, exaggeration 


au 


■51 

3TT 


conj. 


and 



20 



aucitya 

audyogik 
aunlo 
aunlyaunu 
aunsi 

aunu 

aupacarik 
aupacarik adarvaci 
ausadhipasal 

avadhi 

avahela 

avahelna 

avaj 

avakash 

avalamban 

avalokan 

avanati 

avarodh 

avas 
avasar 

avasar paunu 

avashya 

avashyak 

avashyakta 

avastha 

avasyakta 

avat-javat 

avicchinna 



3?NnfW 

3TMT 



3?MI^M 



3?ftft 

3TT^T 

3T^T 



3H£HHI 
3TRM 

3TRRT 






3JN^lTb 
3TTW ^TRcf 



n. propriety, appropriateness, 

validity 

adj. industrial 

n. finger 

v.t. to point at 

n. new moon, last day of the 

dark half of the month 

v.i. to come 

adj. formal, ceremonial 

adj. formally polite [linguistics] 

n. chemist's (shop), 

pharmacy, drugstore 

n. periode, time, limit, term, 

duration 

n. neglect, disdain, contempt 

n. neglect, disdain, contempt 

n. voice, sound, report, uproar 

n. free time 

n. support, reliance 

n. look, gaze 

n. decline, downfall 

n. obstruction, hindrance, 

impediment, restraint, 
taboo 

n. dwelling, place of residence 

n. opportunity, chance, 

occasion, scope 

v.t. to take a chance 

adv. certainly 

adj. necessary, needful, 

inevitable 

n. necessity, need, 

requirement 

n. condition, state, age, 

phase, despondency 

n. need, necessity, 

requirement 

n. coming and going, 

connection, transmigration 

adj. uninterrupted, continuous 



21 



avikasit 


cHfa+Rid 


avishvas 


3Tf^sr3T*r 


aviskar 


aufWu. 


avivekpurna 




avyavastha 


3T^T^TT 


ay a ram gayaram 




ayarlaind 


$\m*\v4 


ayog 


3TFTFT 


ayojana 


^i^Tnhi 


ba 


5TT 


babu 


c||s| 

\3 


bacaunu 




bada 


«1^l 


bada hakim 


<^l ^iPcb-H 


badal 


«IK<H 


badam 


«KW 


badamash 


«w*jism 


badanam 


8)4*11*1 


badha 


srrgrr 


badhak 


sTTgr^ 


badharnu 




badhaunu 


«l<SlvH 

\3 


badhi 
badhiya 


*)<£) 


^\m\ 


badhnu 





badi 

bado 

bagainca 

bagbani 



sT^t 



srprgrpft 



adj. 


undeveloped 


n. 


distrust, disbelief, non- 




confidence, suspicion, 




doubt 


n. 


discovery, invention 


adj. 


without reason, for no 




reason, unfounded 


n. 


disorder 


n. 


frequent defectionist 


n. 


Ireland 


n. 


commission 


n. 


project 


n. 


father [colloquially] 


n. 


father 


v.t. 


to save, to defend, to spare 


adj. 


big, large, gigantic, og 




great size 


n. 


district officer 


n. 


cloud 


n. 


peanut 


adj. 


wicked, immoral, 




mischievous 


adj. 


caluminated, infamous 


n. 


hinderance, obstacle, 




obstruction 


adj. 


hindering, obstructing 


v.t. 


sweep 


v.t. 


to increase, to make 




bigger, to enlarge 


adj. 


more, larger, higher 


adj. 


fine, nice, superior, 




excellent, of good quality 


v.i. 


to increase, to grow, to 




advance, to go forward, to 




flourish 


n. 


the dark half of a lunar 




month; evil, wickedness 


adj. 


big, large, gigantic 


n. 


garden, orchard 


n. 


gardening, horticulture 



22 



baggi 

bagh 

bagha 

bagnu 

bagvani 

bahadur 

bahas 



spnft 

*!HI=ll4) 



bahattar 


*I£tK 


bahek 




bahini 


^•il 


bahinijvain 


c)l£HMI3 


bahira 


^T%T 


bahira samet 


«1lfe<. HH^ 


bahirapatti 


G\\\b<H\i 


bahiro 


^%TT 


bahiskar 


slfel+K 


bahra 


^T¥ 


bahraun 


*ui\ 


bahudaliya 




bahudahya vyavastha 


\5 


bahumat 




bahumulya 




bahun 




baijani 


cT^ft 


baink 


2 


bais 


e||^H 


baisatthi 


*1^6<£) 


baishakh 


!"9w 



baithak 



baj 






SfR 



n. 


horse carriage 


n. 


tiger 


n. 


obstacle 


v.i. 


to flow, to glide 


n. 


horticulture 


adj. 


brave, bold, courageous, 
defiant 


n. 


discussion, argumentation 
debate 


num. 


seventy-two, 72 


postp. 


except, besides 


n. 


younger sister 


n. 


younger sister's husband 


postp. 


outside, at another place 




even outside 


n. 


outside 


adj. 


deaf 


n. 


expulsion, removal, 
exclusion, ex- 




communication 


num. 


twelve, 12 


adj. 


twelfth 


adj. 


multiparty 


n. 


multiparty system 


n. 


majority 


adj. 


valuable, expensive, very 
costly 


n. 


Brahmin 


adj. 


purple 


n. 


bank 


num. 


twenty-two, 22 


num. 


sixty-two, 62 


n. 


first month of the Nepali 
calendar [April/May] 


n. 


meeting, session, living 
room, sitting room, 
reception room 


n. 


hawk 



23 



baje 

baje 

bajet 

bajhnu 

bajnu 

bajyai 



bakas 
bakas 
bakhat 

bakhri 

bakhro 

bakkulo 

baklo 

baksanu 



bal 



balnu 

balnu 

balti 

balun 

balyakal 

bamojim 









srPsft 



sfcT 



bal 


s|M 


balatkar 


cMlc*K 


bali 


^ft 


bali 


<^i^Tl 


bahka 


cllM*! 


bahstha 


c)M«> 


baliyo 


^Rd^ll 


balkrishna sama 


GiHcb^i m\ 



crr^r 





o'clock 


n. 


grandfather 


n. 


budget 


v.i. 


to quarrel, to wrangle 


v.i. 


to sound, to chime 


n. 
n. 


grandmother [lower class], 
woman's mother-in-law 
[lower class], a Brahmin 
woman, an old woman 

box 



n. 


box 


n. 


present, gift, reward 


n. 


time, period, moment, 
opportunity 


n. 


she-goat 


n. 


goat 


n. 


crane 


adj. 


thick 


v.t. 


to give, to present [as a 
present or reward by a high 
standing personality like 
the king] 


n. 


strength, power, force, 
might 


n. 


child, boy 


n. 


rape 


adj. 


strong, powerful 


n. 


standig crops, harvest 


n. 


young girl 


adj. 


strong, powerful, stout 


adj. 


strong, powerful, stout 


n. 


Bal Krishna Sama [a 
famous Nepali poet] 


v.i. 


to burn, to blaze, to catch 
fire 


v.t. 


to kindle, to light, to burn 


n. 


bucket 


n. 


a kind of folk song 


n. 


childhood 


adv. 


according to, in accordance 



24 



bamojit 

banaunu 

bancaro 

bancnu 

banda bhayo 

banda garnu 

bandakopi 

bandar 

bandel 

bandhan 

bandhnu 

bandi 

bandighar 

bandigriha 

bandikhana 

bandnu 

banel 

bango 

bangur 

bani 

banki 

bannu 

bans 

bansko purda 

bar 

bar 

bara 
barbar 

barbarta 
bare 

bah 






eT^TWft 



^\0 



STTfT 

4*R 

^TR 
^TR 

^RT 



crsf^TT 
^TR 

^tr) 





with, accordingly 


adj. 


according to, in accordance 




with, accordingly 


v.t. 


to make, to build, to repair 


n. 


axe 


v.i. 


to survive 


comp. 


it is closed, it is shut 


v.t. 


to close, to shut 


n. 


cabbage 


n. 


monkey 


n. 


wild pig 


n. 


imprisonment 


v.t. 


to bind, to tie up, to fasten 


n. 


hostage, prisoner 


n. 


prison, jail 


n. 


prison, jail 


n. 


prison, jail 


v.t. 


to part, to divide, to share, 




to partition 


n. 


wild pig 


adj. 


crooked, bent, twisted 


n. 


pig 


n. 


habit, disposition, character 


n. 


remainder, left over, 




residue 


v.i. 


to be ready, to be made 


n. 


bamboo 


n. 


bamboo curtain 


n. 


fence, temporary wall 


n. 


weekday [of the Nepali 




calendar] 


n. 


great-grandfather 


n./adj. 


barbarian, savage, 




barbarisch, wild 


n. 


barbarity 


postp. 


about, realting to, 




concerning 


n. 


dry field, garden 



25 



barkha 

barnu 
baru 
barulo 
basai sarai 
basalnu 

basanta 
basaunu 

basinda 

basnu 

basobas 

basovas 

bata 

bata marnu 

batas 

batho 

bato 

bato lagnu 

battai 

batti 

battis 

batuko 

baulaha 

baunna 

bayalis 

bayan 

bayan 

bayanabbe 

bayasi 

becnu 

beglo 

behornu 



5fpf 









GfT5^T 
cfZTFT 

G]-Or| 



n. 


rains, rainy season, 




monsoon 


v.t. 


to observe, to abstain from 




better, rather, or 


n. 


wasp 


n. 


migration 


v.t. 


to cause to sit, to make 




someone sit 


n. 


spring 


v.t. 


to cause to sit, to make 




someone sit 


n. 


inhabitant, resident 


v.i. 


to sit, to settle, to remain 


n. 


residence, place of 




residence 


n. 


residence, place of 




residence 


postp. 


from, by 


v.i. 


to talk 


n. 


wind, air 


adj. 


intelligent, clever 


n. 


road, path, way 


v.t. 


to set off 


n. 


quail 


n. 


lamp 


num. 


thirty-two, 32 


n. 


cup, bowl 


adj. 


mad, lunatic 


num. 


fifty-two, 52 


num. 


forty-two, 42 


n. 


description, narration, 




account 


adj. 


left 


num. 


ninety-two, 92 


num. 


eighty-two, 82 


v.t. 


to sell, to dispose off 


adj. 


separated 


v.i. 


to bear, to make use of, to 



26 



bela 
beluka 

bemajja 

benci 

bensi 

bepar 

bepar garnu 

bepari 

ber 

berojgar 

bes 

besar 

besari 

bevasta 

bhada 
bhadai 
bhadau 

bhadgaun 

bhadkinu 

bhado 
bhadra 

bhagnu 

bhai 

bhai-bharadar 

bhaibuhari 
bhain 
bhainsi 
bhajan 






%^TR 














look after, to afford 


n. 


time, occasion 


n./adj. 


evening, in the evening, 
after sunset 


adj. 


not pleasing 


n. 


bench 


n. 


valley, lowland, lower 
portion of a hill 


n. 


trade, commerce 


v.t. 


to trade, to sell 


n. 


trader, merchant 


n. 


time, delay, late 


n. 


unemployment 


adj. 


good, very good 


n. 


turmeric 


adv. 


nicely, abundantly, 
profusely, plentifully, 
excessively 


adj. 


indifferent, unmindful, 
unconcerned, careless 


n. 


rent, hire, fare, freight 


n. 


woman's brother's daughter 


n. 


fifth month of the Nepali 
year [August-September] 


n. 


Bhaktapur, Bhadgaon [an 
ancient town east of 
Kathmandu] 


v.i. 


to be frightened, to feel 
shy, to go astray 


n. 


woman's brother's son 


n. 


fifth month of the Nepali 
year [August-September] 


v.i. 


to flee, to run away 


n. 


younger brother 


n. 


king's address towards his 
royal relatives 


n. 


younger brother's wife 


n. 


ground, earth, floor 


n. 


water buffalo [female] 


n. 


receptacle, object, dividing 



27 



bhaka 

bhakta 

bhaktapur 

bhakti 

bhaktiman 
bhakundo khelnu 
bhala 
bhalai 

bhale mujur 

bhalu 

bhanda 

bhandakunda 
bhandaphor 

bhandar 

bhandnu 

bhando 

bhane 

bhangero 

bhanij 

bhanje buhari 

bhanje jvain 

bhanji 

bhanjo 

bhanjyang 

bhanne 
bhansa 
bhansar 



^wr 

NO 

so no 



NO NO 

*IM 

*R?T 



NO 

^R^TOR 
^R^R 



^NO 

^#RT 

*rR^r ^R> 

NO 

^TR^f 
^RTR 



n. 


promise 


n./adj. 


devotee; devoted, pious 


n. 


Bhaktapur, Bhadgaon [an 




ancient town east of 




Kathmandu] 


n. 


devotion, worship, 




veneration 


n./adj. 


devotee; devoted, pious 


v.t. 


to play football 


n. 


spear, lance, pike 


n. 


welfare, well-being, 




goodness, gentleness 


n. 


peacock 


n. 


bear 


postp. 


compared to [used for 




construction of 




comparative] 


n. 


pots and pans 


n. 


unmasking, unveiling, 




disclosure, revelation, 




betrayal 


n. 


store room 


v.t. 


to spoil, to ruin (morally) 


n. 


cooking pot, vessel, pot 


conj. 


if, on the other hand 


n. 


sparrow 


n. 


sister's son 


n. 


sister's son's wife 


n. 


sister's daughter's husband 


n. 


sister's daughter 


n. 


sister's son 


n. 


narrow valley, defile, 




mountain pass 


adj. 


called, named 


n. 


kitchen 


n. 


customs, customs duties, 



bhanubhakta acarya STRRrfr 3jmi4 



office of the customs 
department 

Bhanubhakta Acharya [a 
famous Nepali poet] 



28 



bhar 


^K 


bhar parnu 




bharadar 


M\<\<\< 


bharadari sabha 


*ii<KiO *rm 


bharat 

i i_ _— j." _ 


^Kd 


bharatiya 


m<ti\n 


bhare 


m 


bhari 


tqrtt 


bhari 


*ft 


bharibharau 


^fbuw 


bharipurna 


#rruf 


bharkar 




bharopeli 

i i_ 


"*! Pi 


bharopiya 


~H\<\h\M 


bharosa 


*I<I<HI 

r 


bhartsana 


^IcHHI 


bharya 


*rrcf 


bharyang 


*MI^ 


bhasa 


^fNT 


bhasan 


%{|b|U| 


bhasan dinu 




bhasavigyan 


^mifa*iM 


bhat 


^RT 


bhatamas 


^<mm 


bhatiji 


^ft 


bhatijo 


^fa«fi 


bhattarak 


^K=b 


bhau 


*TR 


bhaugolik 


^miiPh* 


bhaugolik mahatva 


^hiiPh* H^c«I 


bhauju 




bhava 


^R 



WT 



n. 


trust, faith, fullness 


v.t. 


to trust 


n. 


a high official 


n. 


assembly of high officials or 
nobility in early Shah and 
Rana times 


n. 


India 


adj. 


Indian 


postp. 


later in the day, afterwards 


adj. 


heavy, weighty 


adj. 


full to the brim, full 


adj. 


full to the brim, full 


adj. 


full to the brim, full 


adv. 


right now 


adj. 


indoeuropean 


adj. 


indoeuropean 


n. 


hope, trust, reliance 


n. 


reproach, abuse 


n. 


wife, female consort 


n. 


stairs 


n. 


language 


n. 


speech, lecture 


v.t. 


to give a lecture 


n. 


linguistics, philosophy 


n. 


boiled rice 


n. 


soyabean 


n. 


man's brother's daughter 


n. 


man's brother's son 


adj. 


revered, respectable 


n. 


price, value, rate 


adj. 


geographic, geographical 


n. 


geographical importance 


n. 


elder brother's wife 


n. 


thought, mental state, 
feeling, sentiment, musing 


n. 


house, mansion, palace 



29 



bhavan nirman kala ^°TR f^RFT ^TT 
bhavana ^TT=RT 



bhavavacak 


nam 


*j|c|c||x]cb nm 


bhavya 




^q" 


bhedo 




^t 


bhek 




wz 


bhela 




m\ 


bhet 




*T5 


bhet hunu 




^ F^T 



bhetnu 

bhijnu 

bhiksha 

bhinaju 

bhinnata 

bhitra 

bhitrinu 

bhitriya 

bhitte 

bhitto 

bhogate 

bhogdan 

bhojan 

bhojnalaya 

bhok 

bhok lagnu 

bhokaunu 

bholi 

bhote 

bhraman 

bhrasta 

bhrastacar 



*fr*PT 





architecture 


n. 


thought, mental state, 
feeling, sentiment, musing 


n. 


abstract [linguistics] 


adj. 


grand, pompous, 
splendorous 


n. 


sheep 


n. 


neighbourhood, locality, 




area 


n. 


gathering (of people) 


n. 


meeting, visit, interview 


v.t. 


to meet, to bump into 




someone 


v.i./v.t. 


to meet, to get, to find, to 




come across 


v.i. 


to get wet 


n. 


begging, aim, charity 


n. 


elder sister's husband 


n. 


difference 


postp. 


inside, within, in 


v.i. 


to enter, to penetrate 


adj. 


counted as a member of 




the family or group 




wall 


n. 


side of the wall 


n. 


grapefruit 


n. 


help, assistance 


n. 


food 


n. 


kitchen, cafe, canteen, 




dining room 


n. 


hunger 




to be hungry 


v.i. 


to be hungry 


adv. 


tomorrow 


n. 


Tibetan, Bhote 


n. 


travel, travelling, roaming 


adj. 


fallen, spoilt, polluted, 
defiled 



n. 



corruption, corrupt practice 



30 



bhrastacari 

bhugarbha vigyan 

bhugolko anusandhan 
karya 

bhuin 

bhuin 

bhuincalo 

bhuinkatahar 

bhuja 

bhuknu 

bhu-ksharan 

bhulnu 

bhumi 



WMlfl 









NO NO 



bhumigat 


NO 




bhumika 






bhundi 
bhu-parivestit desh 


« 


rs -\ 




bhusuno 


\3 NO 




bhutang 






bhuteko makai 


no 


3 


bhuteko masu 


^Hd*l 

no 


NO 


bhutla 


N3 




bhutnu 


\3 ^NO 




bhutpurva 






bhutuva 


*ld=ll 

NO NO 




bhyaguto 
bhyaunu 


^IHIdl 

N3 




N3 




bic 
bicar 


41 x| 








bicchi 






bigauti 


l«Hlldl 





n. 


corrupt person 


n. 


geology 


n. 


geological survey 


n. 


ground, floor, surface of the 
earth 


n. 


ground, floor, surface of the 
earth 


n. 


earthquake 


n. 


pineapple 


n. 


boild rice [upper class] 


v.i. 


to bark 


n. 


soil erosion 


v.i./v.t. 


to forget, to make a 
mistake, to be attached 


n. 


ground, floor, surface of the 
earth 


n. 


underground 



biha 



f%T 



n. 
n. 


preface, introduction, 

foreword 

stomach 


n. 


land-locked country 


n. 


gnat 


n. 


Bhutan 


n. 


popcorn 


n. 


fried meat 


n. 


fur, hair 


v.t. 


to fry 


adj. 


past, former, previous 


n. 


fried meat 


n. 


frog 


v.i. 


to find time 


n./postp. 
n. 


middle, centre, during, 
among 

thought, consideration, idea 


n. 


scorpion 


n. 
n. 


beestings, the milk of the 
animal after bearing a calf 

marriage, wedding, 



31 



bihaite 

bihana 

bihivar 

bij 

bijaropan 

bijuli 

bikha 

bilkul 

binti 

bintipatra 

biralo 

birami 

birta 

birtaval 

bis 

bitaunu 

biu 

biunjhanu 

bodi 

boknu 

boko 

bolaunu 

bolbala 

bolcal 

bolcalma 

bolinu 

bolivacan 

bolnu 

brihaspatibar 

brihat 

buddhi 

buddhical 



taw 

#3" 

Mi 



^rWr 



*1MI^M 
«i)<H«IMI 

cTl^cNH 

c 
c 



adj. 


married, wedded 


n./adv. 


morning; in the morning 


n. 


Thursday 


n. 


seed 


n. 


laying of the foundation 




stone, cornerstone 




ceremony 


n. 


electricity, lightening 


n. 


poison, venom 


adj. 


entirely, fully, completely 


n. 


request, prayer 


n. 


application, petition 


n. 


cat 


n./adj. 


patient, illness, ill 


n. 


free-hold land 


n. 


owner of free-hold land 


num. 


twenty, 20 


v.t. 


to spend 


n. 


seed 


v.t. 


to wake up 


n. 


a kind of bean, blackeye 




bean 


v.t. 


to carry, to lift, to conceive 


n. 


he-goat 


v.t. 


to call, to invite 


n. 


all in all, all powerful 


n. 


conversation, talk 




in everyday language 


v.i. 


to be spoken 


n. 


conversation, talk 


v.i. 


to speak 


n. 


Thursday 


adj. 


big, large, huge 


n. 


knowledge, intellect, mental 




power, wisdom 


n. 


chess 



32 



buddhijivi 
budha ba 
budhavar 
budhi ama 
budhi aunlo 
budho 
buhari 
buingal 

bujhaunu 

bunda 

burundi 

butta 

buva 

bvanso 

byadmintan 

cabaunu 

cadhaunu 

cadhnu 
cadnu 

caharnu 



®T^t 3TFTT 

^it stmt 






cahinu 


V5 


cait 


2 


caitra 
cakhaunu 


s 
^ 


^<s|lvH 

\3 


cakhnu 




cakku 


x)c(-cb 

\3 


cakramarg 


tW>H\*\ 


cal 


■<*M 


calak 


■=MI + 


calakh 


■=MI<sl 



adj. 


intelligent, learned 


n. 


grandfather [lower class] 


n. 


Wednesday 


n. 


grandmother [lower class] 


n. 


thumb 


adj. 


old [person] 


n. 


son's wife, daughter-in-law 


n. 


upper storey of a house, 




attic, garret 


v.t. 


to explain, to make over 


n. 


main point, main issue 


n. 


Burundi 


n. 


design 


n. 


father, papa 


n. 


wolf 


n. 


badminton 


v.t. 


to chew 


v.t. 


to cause to ride, to offer [to 




superiors] 


v.t. 


to climb, to mount, to ride 


v.t. 


to mount, to go up, to 




ascend, to ride, to improve 


v.t. 


to loiter, to linger, to walk 




about, to spend time idly by 




moving about 


v.i. 


to be necessary, to be 




required 


n. 


twelfth month of the Nepali 




year [March-April] 


n. 


twelfth month of the Nepali 




year [March-April] 


v.t. 


to cause to taste 



v.t. 


to cause to taste 


v.t. 


to taste 


n. 


knife, cutting knife 


n. 


ring road 


n. 


movement 


adj. 


clever, sly, cunning, shrewd 


adj. 


clever, sly, cunning, shrewd 



33 



caian 

calan 
calan garnu 


^MH 


■=MM 

r 




calaunu 
calis 


-cMlvH 

\3 


^iR-i^ 


callo 


-s|w|| 


calnu 

caltika 

camada 
carnal 




^dl+l 


■=1*^1 


^l+H 


camca 


^n^rr 


camera 
camkanu 


^w<i 


x|4-cM 


camkaunu 


V3 


camkilo 


r\ ^ 


^llWll 


camsur 


■=IHK 



canakya 

cancun 

canda 
candai 
candi 
cando 

candrama 
cangunarayan 

cap 

car 

caraitira 

caran 



^F?T 
#fRRFPJT 



n. 


custom, habit, style, 




conduct 


n. 


despatch, consignment 


v.t. 


to use 


v.t. 


to cause to move, to put to 




use, to move, to despatch 


num. 


forty, 40 


n. 


young chicken 


v.i. 


to move, to be current, to 




be in use, to work, to flirt 


adj. 


common, normal, in 




circulation 


n. 


skin, hide 


n. 


husked but uncooked rice 



^R 



n. 


skin, hide 


n. 


husked but uncooked rice 


n. 


spoon 


n. 


bat, vampire 


v.i. 


to glitter, to shine 


v.t. 


to polish, to cause to shine 


adj. 


bright 


n. 


[a kind of pungent 




vegetable eaten raw as 




herbal medicine] 


n. 


[name of Kautilya, the 




author of the ancient 




Arthashastra] 


adj. 


about, a little, 




miscellaneous 


n. 


donation 


adv. 


soon 


n. 


silver 


adj. 


quick, fast, soon, 




immediately 


n. 


moon 


n. 


Changunarayan [an ancient 




site in the eastern part of 




the Kathmandu valley] 


n. 


arc, segment of a circle, 




semi-circle, rainbow 


num. 


four, 4 


adv. 


on all (four) sides 


n. 


foot, leg, a quarter of a 



34 



caraunu 


^KI^M 


carca 




carit 


A\i<\ 


caritra 


r 


carkanu 


r 


carkaunu 


\3 


carkha 


■W\ 


carko 


■=1+1 


carnu 




caro 


M<\ 


carta rph 


^Kc14i 


cartira 


^RT>K 


cataunu 


^Idl^M 

\3 


catnu 




caubar 


■4\«K 


caubis 


■4\4Ui 


cauda 


^T^T 


caudai 


■&4W 


caudha 


^rsr 


cauh attar 


^Wtk 


cauka 


^tt+t 


cauntis 


^t^l-H 


caupattai 




cauranabbe 


xIKHgc) 


caurasi 


■4UkTI 


causatthi 


■4to<<£) 


cautara 


^IdKI 




■51 r\ 





stanza 


v.t. 


to make graze 


n. 


talk, enquiry, query, praise, 




remark, commendation 


n. 


character, conduct, 




manners, behaviour, work, 




occupation 


n. 


character, conduct, 




manners, behaviour, work, 




occupation 


v.t. 


to crack, to split, to break 


v.t. 


to cause to crack, to cause 




to split 


n. 


spinning wheel 


adj. 


hard, bitter, heavy, difficult, 




loud, piquant, lively, 




excessive, high 


v.i. 


to graze 


n. 


bird 


adv. 


on all (four) sides 


adv. 


on all (four) sides 


v.t. 


to cause to lick 


v.i. 


to lick 


adj. 


four times 


num. 


twenty-four, 24 


n./adj. 


width, breadth; wide 


n./adj. 


width, breadth; wide 


num. 


fourteen, 14 


num. 


seventy-four, 74 


n. 


eating place surrounding 




the store 


num. 


thirty-four, 34 


adj. 


exceedingly, exceptionally 


num. 


ninety-four, 94 


num. 


eighty-four, 84 


num. 


sicty-four, 64 


n. 


sincere and benevolent 



cautariya 



n. 



member of the royal family 
member of the royal family 



35 



cautarph 


■^ r 


adv. 


on all (four) sides 


cautho 


2 ^ 


adj. 


fourth 


cavalis 


■=Hk(kl 


num. 


forty-four, 44 


cavanna 


x|=m 


num. 


fifty-four, 54 


cavaunu 


^=II^M 


v.t. 


to chew 


cehara 


^$<\ 


n. 


face, appearance, 
countenance 


celi 




n. 
n. 


female disciple, female 
pupil 


celibeti becvikhat 


xlH^il G|x)|0|^d 


girls trafficking 


cepang 
cetana 

cetauni 




n. 
n. 

n. 


Chepang [a Nepalese 
nationality] 

intelligence, 

consciousness, animation, 
rationality, spirit 

to warn 


cetavani 


3dl«l«fl 


n. 


warning 


cetnu 


V3 


v.i. 


to be conscious, to recover 
the senses, to be on the 
alert 


cha 


3 


num. 


six, 6 


cha patra 


^ t^ 


adj. 


sixfold 


chabbis 


<^<se||<H 


num. 


twenty-six, 26 


chadnu 


^KH 


v.i./v.t. 


to throw up, to vomit 


chadnu 




v.t. 


to leave, to leave out 


chahari 


^i(l 




shade, shelter, protection 


chahattar 


$s?t\< 


num. 


seventy-six, 76 


chaisatthi 


^-H6^l 


num. 


sixty-six, 66 


chaitaun 




adj. 


sixth 


chakkinu 


^UcbH 


v.i. 


to be deceived, to be 
astonished 


chakyaunu 


^cMI^M 


v.t. 


to tell lies, to deceive 


chala 


$M\ 


n. 


skin 


chalnu 


«S<"1 


v.t. 


to deceive, to trick 


chalphal 


r 


n. 


discussion, debate 


chalphal garnu 


■y^M-H ^M 


v.t. 


to discuss 


chamnu 


^IH 


v.t. 


to touch, to feel 


chana 


^Ml 


n. 


roof 



36 



chanavin 

chand 

channe 

channu 

chantyal 

chapakhana 

chapanna 

chapinu 

chapnu 

charnu 

chata 

chati 

chatra 
chatravas 

chattis 

chaunu 

chauro 

chaya 

chayalis 

chayan 

chayanabbe 

chayasi 

cheknu 

chetri 



chimeki 

chindi 

chiraunu 

chirkemirke 

chirnu 

chito 



s$IHHs|HI 

m 

SJRft 















feszr 



n. 


selection, search, scrutiny, 
choice 


n. 


meter, prosody, intention 


n. 


filter, strainer 


v.t. 


to choose, to select, to 




sieve 


n. 


Chantyal [a Nepali 
nationality] 


n. 


press, printing press 


num. 


fifty-six, 56 


v.i. 


to be published 


v.t. 


to print, to publish 


v.t. 


to scatter, to disperse 


n. 


umbrella 


n. 


chest, breast, bravery, 




courage 


n. 


scholar, disciple, pupil 


n. 


hostel, boarding house, 
lodging 


num. 


thirty-six, 36 


v.t. 


to cover, to roof 


n. 


cub, puppy, kitten 


n. 


shade, shadow, reflection 


num. 


forty-six, 46 


n. 


shade, shadow, reflection 


num. 


ninety-six, 96 


num. 


eighty-six, 86 


v.t. 


to stop, to hinder 


n. 


Chetri, Kshatriya [the 
second highest class 
(varna) of the Hindu social 
hierarchy] 


n. 


neighbour 


n. 


cellar, basement 


v.t. 


to cause to go through 


adj. 


spotted 


v.i. 


to go through, to bore 
through 


adj. 


quick, smart 



37 



chodnu 

chopnu 

chori 

choro 

choto 

chunu 

churavaji 

chuskar 

chutkara 

chutnu 

chuvachut 

cihan 

cijbij 
cikitsa 

cikitsalaya 

cil 

cimotnu 

cin 

cinari 

cinaunu 

ciniyan 
cinnu 

cinta 

cintan 

cintit 
ciplo 
cirnu 
ciso 
ciso pani 



#5T 



WW 

fVrM 
fVcrr 

M 
Mr 



v.t. 


to leave, to leave out, to 




abandon, to relinquish, to 




give up 


v.t. 


to cover, to hide 


n. 


daughter 


n. 


son 


adj. 


short, small, condensed 


v.t. 


to touch 


n. 


exchange of dagger-blows 


n. 


tell-tale, backbiter 


n. 


release, freedom, rescue 


v.i. 


to be left, to separate 


n. 


untouchability, 




contamination 


n. 


grave, graveyard, cemetry, 




tomb, burial ground 


n. 


goods, furniture, wares 


n. 


treatment, remedy, 




medication, therapy 


n. 


hospital, dispensary 


n. 


eagle 


v.t. 


to pinch, to nip 


n. 


China 


n. 


identity, acquaintance, 




intimacy, familiarity 


v.t. 


to introduce, to cause to 




recognize 


adj. 


Chinese 



v.t. 



n. 



n. 



to recognize, to know, to 
identify, to distinguish 

woory, anxiety, care, 
concern, reflection 

thinking, study, reflection, 
contemplation, meditation 



adj. 


sad 


adj. 


slippery 


v.t. 


to split, to rip up 


adj. 


cold, wet, moistened, damp 


n. 


cold water 



38 



cithi 


faft 


citra 


far 


citta 
cittha 


far 


Ndil 


citthi 


P A 


N<61 


cituva 


McHI 


ciundo 




ciura 


N^<l 


ciya 


faTT 


cod-patra 


^ M'l 


cok 


■«^ + 


cokhinu 


■=HRsh 

\3 


cor 


A\i 


cornu 


-\ r 


cot 


^rrc 


cucuro 


\3 \J 


cuda 
cudamani 

cuhinu 


^1 




vi v3 


cuhunu 
culensi 


\D\D\D 




culo 


^Ml 

\3 


cultho 


^5T 

\3 


cumnu 




cuna 




cunauti 


-=Hldl 


cunav 


\i 


cunavi 
cup lagnu 


si 




curot 




cusnu 





n. 


letter, written message 


n. 
n. 
n. 


picture, painting, 
illustration, image 

mind, feeling, spirit, heart, 
attention, memory, thought 

lottery, game of chance 


n. 


letter, written message 


n. 


leopard, panther 


n. 


chin 


n. 


flattened rice, beaten rice 


n. 


tea 


n. 
n. 


written consent of divorce, 
quitclaim 

courtyard 


v.i. 


to be pure 


n. 


thief, robber, swindler 


v.t. 


to steal 


n. 
n. 


wound, bruise, hurt, mental 
agony 

peak, summit, highest point 


n. 


crown, crest 


n. 
v.i. 


a kind of valuable ornament 
or jewel worn on the head 

to drip, to leak 


v.i. 


to drip, to leak 


n. 
n. 


a curved instrument for 
cutting and preparing 
vegetables for cooking 

cooking place, stove 


n. 


plaited hair, interwoven hair 


v.t. 


to kiss, to caress 


n. 


lime 


n. 


challenge 


n. 


election, selection 


adj. 


electoral 


v.i. 


to be quiet 


n. 


cigarette 


v.t. 


to suck 



39 



cutai 

cutnu 

cyan kh la 

cyatnu 

cyau 

dabau 

dabi 

dadhnu 

dadu 

daguraunu 

dagurnu 

daha 

dahi 

dahine 

dahri 

dai 

dailo 

daju 

dajyu 

daknu 

daksha 

dakshin koriya 

dal 

dal 

dalal 

dalbal 

dalbandi 

dalcini 

dalit 

dallo 
dalo 
dalpati 

dalvihinata 






S$ 
s£\ 

ST? 



sm 



n. 


beating, thrashing 


v.t. 


to thrash, to beat 


n. 


ground corn 


v.t. 


to tear 


n. 


mushroom 


n. 


pressure 


n. 


claim, demand 


v.i. 


to burn, to be burnt up 


n. 


ladle 


v.t. 


to cause to run 


v.i. 


to run, to hasten, to race 


n. 


pond, lake 


n. 


yoghurt 


adj. 


right 


n. 


beard 


n. 


elder brother 


n. 


door, gate, passage, 




entrance 


n. 


elder brother 


n. 


elder brother 


v.t. 


to call, to invite 


adj. 


dexterous, able, astute 


n. 


Sudkorea 


n. 


different kinds of lentils 


n. 


party, group, crowd 


n. 


broker, tout, middleman 


n. 


the whole party, army, 




strenght 


n. 


party politics, group politics 


n. 


cinnamon 


n. 


Dalit, untouchable (as seen 




by the Bahuns) 


n. 


round thing, cloth, lump 


n. 


basket 


n. 


party leader, chief, 




commander 



independence from party, 



40 



daman 
dampati 
damphu 
dan 

danda 

danda 

dandalnu 

dandi 

dando 

danphe 

dant 

dant majhnu 

dant malnu 

dant maskaunu 

dantko burus 

dantmanjan 

danuvar 

dapha 
dar 

da raj 

daraunu 

darbar 

dari 

dari 

daridra 

darim 

darja 

darjan 

darjiling 

darlagdo 














non-party 


n. 


suppression, oppression 


n. 


husband and wife 


n. 


a kind of drum 


n. 


donation, gift, religious gift, 




contribution 


n. 


hill, hillock, pole of a roof 


n. 


fine, penalty, punishment 


n. 


back 


n. 


pole, staff (of a palanquin) 


n. 


hill, hillock, the pole of a 




roof 


n. 


the nine-coloured 




Himalayan pheasant [the 




National Bird of Nepal] 


n. 


tooth 


v.t. 


to clean teeth 


v.t. 


to clean teeth 


v.t. 


to clean teeth 


n. 


tooth brush 


n. 


tooth paste 


n. 


Dhanuwar [a Nepali 




nationality] 


n. 


section of a law 


n. 


fear, dread, alarm, risk, 




danger 


n. 


cupboard 


v.i. 


to frighten, to be frightened 


n. 


palace, royal court 


n. 


beard 


n. 


cotton rug 


adj. 


poor, needy, penurious 


n. 


pomegranate 


n. 


class, standard, position, 




rank 


n. 


dozen 


n. 


Darjeeling 


adj. 


dreadful, terrible, 




dangerous 



41 



darle 


^<H 




out of fear 


darshan 


^TT 


n. 


audience, appearance, 
vision 


das 


^t 


num. 


ten, 10 


das 


^RT 


n. 


slave, servant, dependent 


dasana 


^*HI 


n. 


cotton rug for lying on, 
mattress 


dasaun 


r 


adj. 


tenth 


dashak sarvanam 


^W *HHH 


n. 


demonstrative pronoun 


dasi 


^ft 


n. 


proof, evidence 


dasta 




n. 


slavery, servitude, bondage 


dastavej 


<**d«M 


n. 


document, deed 


data 


<4MI 




giver, donor, benefactor 


datri sanstha 


c 


n. 


donor agency 


daudaha 


«WlSI 


n. 


touring, travelling, 
inspection 


daura 


<*M<I 


n. 


firewood, fuel, dried wood 


dava 


<4NI 


n. 


claim, demand 


daya 


^TT 


n. 


kindness, favour, mercy, 
pity, sympathy 


daya aunu 


V3 




to pity, to feel pity 


day an 

i 


<4Wl 


adj. 

i ■ 


right 

"A" II —. "J. 


dayaniya 


^41*1 


adj. 


pitiable, arousing pity 


debre 


5« 


adj. 


left, reverse, opposite 


dedh baje 




adv. 

, . j. 


half past one 


dekhaunu 


<*<s|lvH 


v.t. 


to show 


dekhi 


^fe 


postp. 


from, after, owing to 


dekhinu 




v.i. 


to be seen, to appear 


dekhnu 




v.t. 


to see 


dera 


^<l 


n. 


residence, booth, camp 


desh 


^T 


n. 


land, country, region 


deshantar 


^kcK 


n. 


terrestrial longitude; foreign 
country 


deshbhakta 


^WrrT 


n. 


patriot 


deshbhakti 


^Wlrb 


n. 


patriotism 


deshraksha 


^rcsn" 


n. 


national defence 


devar 


*«K 


n. 


husband's younger brother 



42 



devarani 


4«KHI 


devata 


<*4dl 


dhadas 


<t>\£H 


dhago 


STPTT 


dhakane 


<icM 


dhakdhakyaunu 


V3 


dhaknu 




dhamilo 


Slfa*fi 


dhamki 


814-ef) 


dhan 


SFT 


dhan 


SJFT 


dhanca 


dhl 


dhandha 


SPSfT 


dhandhali 


srra^ft 


dhani 


srpft 


dhani 


snft 


dhaniyan 


siPi-mT 


dhaniyanko sag 


5| Pi ^1*1 -HMI 


dhantnu 


cildH 

S\5 


dhapaunu 




dhara 


SfRT 


dharahara 


SKS<I 


dharan 


£IK«I 


dharana 


8IK«II 


dharatal 


SKI<W 


dharke 




dharma 


STtf 


dharmadeva 


S|*£«| 


dharmadhikari 


snrffiichi'O 


dharmagranth 


si4ii«*r 



n. 


husband's younger 
brother's wife 


n. 


god 


n. 


encouragement, hope, 
assurance 


n. 


thread 


n. 


rice fried in butter and 
cooked in milk 


v.t. 


to push down, to tap 


v.t. 


to hide, to cover, to conceal 


adj. 


dim, not clear, dirty, muddy 


n. 


threatening, threat, reproof 


n. 


wealth, property, riches 


n. 


unhusked Reis 


n. 


design, way, method, make 



n. 



up, manner 

occupation, business, 
profession 



n. 


chaos, chaotic state 


adj. 


golden 


adj. 


rich 


n. 


coriander 


n. 


coriander green 


v.i. 


to tell a lie, to deceive 


v.t. 


to drive away, to chase 


n. 


water tap, torrent, current 
of water 


n. 


tower 


n. 


holding, wielding 


n. 


determination, thought, 




memory 


n. 


surface (of the earth) 


adj. 


striped 


n. 


religion, duty, creed, faith 


n. 


Dharmadeva [a Licchavi 
king, father of Manadeva 1] 


n. 


an official responsible for 
jurisdiction 


n. 


religious text 



43 



dharmashala snt^TMT 

dharmavacak nam 
dharmik 
dharmik sthan 
dharna 

dharo 

dhatu 

dhau 

dherai 

dherai aghi 

dherai logne hunu 

dherai vivaha 

dherai vivaha garnu 

dheraijaso 

dhiki 

dhimal 

dhindo 

dhoka 

dhukka 

dhukur ^^ 

S3 \3 

dhukuti ^cft 

S3 Mi 

dhunga t*U 

dhup SPT 

dhusro grat 

dhvanse s^i% 

dhyan s?TR 

didi M 

digo #ifr 

din f^T 

dinahun fe^nf 

dinbhari ft^Rft 

dinu fcT^T 

dirgha ^f 



SRT 
SfRT 
STRT 
-^ 

^r 3rffer 

viva 

arsrat 



n. 


resthouse [for religious 
puposes] 


n. 


abstract noun [ling.] 


adj. 


religious, related to dharma 


n. 


religious centre 


n. 


the act of waiting for 
something 


n. 


spring of water, current of 
water, stream of people 


n. 


metal 


n. 


ore 


adj. 


much, many, a lot 


adv. 


long time ago 


comp. 


to practice polyandry 


n. 


polgamy 


comp. 


to practice polygamy 


adj. 


many, a lot 


n. 


a machine for husking rice 


n. 


Dhimal [a Nepali 
nationality] 


n. 


boiled flour paste 


n. 


door, gate, gateway 


adj. 


free from axiety, secure 


n. 


dove 


n. 


barn, storehouse, treasury 


n. 


stone 


n. 


sun, sunshine, incence 


adj. 


ash-coloured, grey 


adj. 


dark-brown, soot-coloured 


n. 


meditation, contemplation 


n. 


elder sister 


adj. 


sustainable 


n. 


day 


adj. 


daily 




for the whole day 


v.t. 


to give 


adj. 


large, wide, tall, huge, deep 



44 



dirghakahn 


4ly+HM 


disha 


fc?TT 


diunso 


feJ<Hl 


divas 


fe=l<H 


dobar 


«I*K 


dohori 


«ViO 


doklo 


«l=Ml 


doko 


£\<*\ 


do re to 


i\\6\ 


dori 


stt 


dosi 


m 


dosro 


<0«1 


dravyavacak nam 


SoM«IN+ HH 


dristi 
dristikon 


#5 

c 


c 


dublaunu 


so \r> 


dublo 




dubnu 
dubulki marnu 






dudh 




dugdha 


^ 

o 


dugdhasar 




dugurnu 


so OO 


duhkhi 


<?:*ft 


duhunu 




dui 


r 

V3^ 


dura 




duragraha 


$<\*}$ 


durdarshita 


«WD*fcll 


durgam 




dursancar 


r 


durvavahar 




dusti 


Sfef 



adj. 
n. 


sustained, chronic, long 
term 

direction 


adv. 


at the day time 


n. 


day 


adj. 


double, twice, twofold 


adj. 


pertaining to both sides 


adj. 


double 


n. 
n. 


a big basket carried on the 
back 

footpath, way to walk 


n. 


cord, rope 


adj. 
adj. 


defective, faulty, guilty, 
sinful 

second 


n. 


material noun 


n. 


sight, vision, looking 


n. 


viewpoint, visual angle 


v.i. 


to get thin, to be weak 


adj. 


weak, thin, lean, skiny 


v.i. 


to drown, to sink 


v.t. 


to take the plunge 


n. 


milk 


n. 


milk 


n. 


cheese 


v.i. 


to run 


adj. 


sad 


v.t. 


to milk 


num. 


two, 2 


n. 


Dura [a Nepali nationality] 


n. 


prejudice, improper attempt 


n. 
adj. 


far-sightedness, prudence, 
sagacity 

remote 


n. 


telecommunication 


n. 


misconduct, misbehaviour 


adj. 


defective, corrupted, 



45 



dut 

dvandva 

dvara 

dvija 

dvitiya purus vacak 

dvitiyardha 

dyotak 

e 

eghara 

egharaun 

ejan 

ek 

ek baji 

ek chin 

ek coti 
ek khep 
ek na ek 
ek palta 
ek saya dui 
ek saya ek 
ekaarkalai 
ekabihana 
ekadeshma 
ekaki 
ekanabbe 
ekanta 

ekanunna 

ekasi 

ekatira 



r^pr 

rr^ ^r ^ 

Uc^|<-|aG] 



n. 
n. 


defiled, contaminated, 
polluted 

ambassador, massenger, 
courier 

couple, duel, quarrel 


postp. 


from, by 


n. 
n. 


twice-born, Brahman, 

oviparous 

second person [ling.] 


n. 


second half 


adj. 
int. 


making clear, showing, 
manifesting, enlightening, 
indicating 

hey! listen! 


num. 


eleven, 11 


adj. 


eleventh 




ditto, loc cit. 


num. 


one, 1 


adv. 


once 


adv. 
adv. 


for a moment, for a short 
time 

once 


adv. 


once 




one or other 


adv. 


once 


num. 


one hundred and two, 102 


num. 


one hundred and one, 101 


adv. 


each other 


adv. 


very early in the morning 




in any country 


adj. 


alone, solitary 


num. 


ninety-one, 91 


n./adj. 
num. 


solitude, loneliness; alone, 
lonely 

fifty-one, 51 


num. 


eighty-one, 81 


adv. 


to one side, on the one 
hand 



46 



ekcalis 


l^MIH)^ 


ekdam 




ekedami 


^<t>£$\ 


ekhattar 


^4>$Tb< 


ekikaran 


l)c£)cKU| 


ekikrit 


l^c^cbcl 


ekkai coti 


1^4* ^llPd 

r 


ekkais 


1^+1^ 


ekkasi 


l^MpH 


eklai 




eklauti 


H+<Hldl 


eklo 


^«Hl 


eknas 


M.chHI^H 


ekohorinu 


i^ViPm 


eksaro 


l^b<H<l 


eksatthi 


H+*| if\ 


ekta 


Q/^TT 


ektak 


^chd* 


ektis 


l^b^-H 


ektnt 


l^Pld 


eproc 


^T^ 


eshiyali 


^"FTT^ft 


esiyayi 


^rrt 


euta 


i^dl 


euta tukra jagga 


^61 d*l vjI^II 


evamastu 


^=H^ 


evan 


^r 


gada 


^ 


gadagad 


^l<^K 


gadar 


^K< 


gadda 


w 


gaddar 


*\i\< 



num. 


forty-one, 41 


adv. 


very 


n. 


academy 


num. 


seventy-one, 71 


n. 


integration, amalgamation, 
unification 




integrated, united, unified 


adv. 


at the same time, at once 


num. 


twenty-one, 21 


adv. 


suddenly, at once, all at 
once 


adv. 


alone, only 


adj. 


monopolistic 


adj. 


lone, solitary, alone, single 


adj. 


similar, in the same way, 
monotonous, uniform, all 
the same 


v.i. 
adj. 


to concentrate on one thing 
only 

single, without cover, once 


num. 


sixty-one, 61 



oneness, unity, union, 
sameness, solidarity 



adv. 


incessant, continuous 


num. 


thirty-one, 31 


adj. 


united, gathered 


n. 


approach 


adj. 


Asian 


adj. 


Asian 


adj. 


one [non-human] 




a small plot of land 


adv. 


so be it; Amen 


conj. 


and, as also 


n. 


club, mace, bludgeon 


adj. 


glad, happy, pleased, joyful 


n. 


mutiny, rebellion, revolt 


n. 


soft and thick bed, mattress 


adj. 


revolutionary 



47 



gaddar 


*\i< 


n. 


mud, dirt, swamp 


gaddar-posh 


*\i< ^t 


n. 


door mat for rubbing off 
mud 


gaddi 


1* 


n. 


throne, saddle cloth, 
cushion 


gaddu 


^ 


n./adv. 


a bear's cub; useless, good 
for nothing, worthless 


gadgad 


*\i*\\ 




thick mud or any thick 
substance, muddy, 
swampy 


gadha 


W 


n. 


donkey, ass 


gadhapaccisi 


T«iiHr«itfi 


n. 


adolescence, an 
unexperienced age 


gadinarasing 


ji^M<R^- 


adj. 


enthroned, installed as king 


gadnu 




v.t. 


to bury 


gadryak-gudruk 




n. 


sound produced by the 
trampling of feet or hoofs 


gadryamma 


tt^TFR- 


n. 


terrible sound produced by 
the fall of heavy things 


gadya 




n. 


prose, ordinary writing 


gadya-kavita 


i^r-+wdi 


n. 


prose poetry 


gadya-kavya 


T^T-cbM 


n. 


prose, belles lettres 


gagri 


Tmft 


n. 


a metal water-vessel 


gagro 


*\\ti\ 


n. 


a large earthenware or 
metal jar for water 


gahak 

i i 


M\$4> 


n. 


buyer, customer, purchaser 


gahaki 


*\\$<$[ 


n. 


buyer, customer, purchaser 


gahat 


*\$<\ 


n. 


lentils 


gahiro 


*\?$<\ 


adj. 


deep, profound, solemn 


gahraun 


*\i\ 


adj. 


heavy, weighty 


gahro 


*\\i\ 


adj. 


difficult, arduous, hard 


gahrungo 


*\4*\\ 


adj. 


heavy, weighty 


gahun 


H 


n. 


wheat 


gai 

— . ■ i_ — _ i. 


r 


n. 


cow 


gaibastu 




n. 


cattle 


gaihra 


3 

m 


adj. 


all, whole 


gainda 


■5s is 


n. 


rhinoceros 


gair sarkari sanstha 


7R ^<cbi() mz(\ 


n. 


Non Government 



48 



gairaprajatantrik 

gajar 

gala 

galainca 

galat 

gali 

gali 

gali garnu 

galli 

gamarkyaunu 

gambhir 

ganagan 

ganaganahat 

ganaganaunu 
ganatantra 

ganathan 
ganathanaunu 
gandagi 
gandha 

gandhadravya 

gandhak 

gandhakshat 

gandharva 

gandharva-ved 

gandharva-vidya 

gandharva-vivaha 

gandhi 



Uy*ndii«i^ 






T#5fT 






TT% 









FWT 



H^HI^d 



H^HI^M 

Mi 








Organization, NGO 


adj. 


undemocratic, non- 




democratic 


n. 


carrot 


n. 


cheeks 


n. 


carpet 


adj. 


wrong 


n. 


rebuke, abuse, reproof 


n. 


rebuke, abuse, reproof 


v.t. 


to tell off, to insult 


n. 


lane, by-lane 


v.t. 


to clutch, to seize 


adj. 


deep, grave, far down 


n. 


grumbling, murmuring, 




prattling 


n. 


grumbling, murmuring, 




prattling 


v.i. 


to grumble, to mumur 


n. 


republic, republican system 




of government 


n. 


idle talk, gossip, a long tale 


v.t. 


to talk nonsense, to gossip 


n. 


filth, dirt, impurity 


n. 


smell, odour, stink, scent, 




perfume 




a sweet scented substance 


n. 


sulphur, brim-stone 


n. 


sandal-wood, tice, etc. for 




puja 


n. 


a celestian or heavenly 




musician, a class of demi- 




god 


n. 


science of Music 


n. 


music, the science of music 



a kind of marriage by 
mutual agreement, love 
marriage 

a perfumer, one who sells 
essences or scented oils, 
scented, perfumed, having 
a sweet smell 



49 



gandhik 

gandyaulo 
gangato 
ganja 
ganjagol 

ganji 

ganjipha 

gannu 

gans 

gansnu 

ganti 

gapashap 

gapphad 

garaunu 

garbha 

garerai chadnu 

garib 

garibi 

garjan-tarjan 

garjanu 

garmi 

garna chodnu 

garna dinu 

garna thalnu 
garnu 
garo 
gate 

gatha 

gathakar 

gathan 



^SPF 



rnzr 






i-41^i 






wtpt 









tM 






nft 






7R STT^T 

*pf 

7TRT 

7TTSTT 

^fp>T 



n. 


the scent of perfumery 
merchant 


n. 


earthworm 


n. 


crab 


n. 


marijuana 


n. 


confusion, topsy-turvey, 
chaos 


n. 


sweater, vest, jacket, 
undershirt 


n. 
v.t. 


a kind of playing cards or 
ist game 

to count, to reckon, to 
deem 


n. 


mouthful, morsel 


v.t. 


to join together 


n. 


number, reckoning, 
attendance 


n. 


prattle, tittle-tattle 




prattler, braggart, tattler 


v.t. 


to cause to do 


n. 


womb, foetus, embryo 


v.t. 


to perform at all cost 


n./adj. 
n. 


poor, penniless, humble, 
needy 

poverty, penury, humility 


n. 


threat, intimidation 



v.i. to thunder, to roar, to 

bluster 

n. heat, warmth 

v.t. to stop to do something 

v.t. ro allow to do something, to 

cause to do something 

v.t. to start to do something 

v.t. to do 

n. wall 

n. date [according to the 

Nepali calendar] 

n. story, tale, verse, song, lay 

n. author of a narrative tale 

n. formation, construction; act 



50 



gathaso 


Wflt 


n. 


of building, modelling or 
shaping 

long tale of oneself, 
nonsense 


gati 


TT% 


n. 

adj. 
n. 


speed, motion, movement, 
condition, circumstance, 
position 


gatihara 


'ifatfKI 


lazy, sedentary, idle, 
stagnant 


gatiman 


*\$\H\*i 


speed, movement, full 
motion 


gatishil 


'ifo^M 


n. 


speed, movement, full 
motion 


gatividhi 
gatta 


*M\km 


n. 
adj. 


activity, movements, 
frequentation, state of 
things, position of progress 
hopeless, having nothing 


gattam 


*\t\H 


adj. 


hopeless, having nothing 


gatvar 


*M< 


adj. 


transitory, perishable, 
mortal 


gaun 


*\\4 


n. 


village 


gaun 




adj. 

n. 


secondary, subordinate, 
indirect, inferior, expressing 
associate quality 


gaun vikas samiti 


*\n Hehi^ ^mld 


Village Development 
Committee, VDC 


gaunghar 


*\\^m 


n. 


neighbour, villager 


gaunnivasi 


*\\\RH4\§\ 


n. 


villager 


gaunthali 


^^ 


n. 


swallow 


gayab 
geru 


*\\w 


adj. 
adj. 


missing, vanished, 
dissappeared 
ochre, red-brown 


ghadi 


^ 


n. 


clock, watch 


ghailo 
ghaite 


blcfl 

m*d 


n. 
adj. 


a large water-vessel, a 
huge pitcher 

hurt 


gham 


urn 


n. 


sunshine, heat of the sun 


ghan 
ghana 




n. 
adj. 


large hammer, cloud, 
solidity 

thik, dense, solid, grumous 


ghanta 


ytJd 


n. 


clock, watch 


ghantaghar 


yJdtK 


n. 


clocktower 



51 



ghanti 
ghar 
ghar hernu 

gharelu udyog 
ghatak 

ghatana 

ghataunu 

ghati 
ghati 
ghatnu 

ghatta 

ghatu 

ghau 

ghiu 
ghoda 

ghoral 
ghosana 

ghosanapatra 

ghosit 

ghumnu 

ghunda 
ghus 
ghyampo 
giddha 

gija 
gilo 
girnu 

glas 
gobar 



m 

TOT 3#T 
^^ 

*nft 
wz 

fire 

WRTT 






f*RT 

Tfteft 



n. 


throat, mountain pass, vale 


n. 


house 


n. 


to run the household, to do 
the housework 

cottage industry 


n. 
n. 
v.t. 
n. 


factor, component, 
constitutent, ingredient 

incident, event, accident, 
episode 

to cause to decrease, to 
subtract 

throat, mountain pass, vale 


adj. 


less, few, little 


v.i. 
n. 


to decrease, to lesson, to 

decline 

corn mill, water mill 


n. 


a Gurung dance 


n. 
n. 


wound, sore, hurt, injury, 
ulcer 

melted butter 


n. 
n. 


horse, pony, hammer of a 
gun 

Himalayan wild goat 


n. 
n. 


declaration, proclamation, 
announcement 

manifesto 


adj. 


declared, proclaimed 


v.i. 
n. 


to move about, to roam, to 
turn round, to go around 

knee 


n. 


bribe, emolument, graft 


n. 


a large clay jar, a store-jar 


n. 


vulture 


n. 


gum 


adj. 


soft, overripe, overcooked 


v.i. 
n. 


to fall, to drop, to come 
down, to be degraded 

glass 


n. 


cowdunq [used as plaster 



on the floor of the house] 



52 



godam 




n. 
n. 


godown, storehouse, 
granery 

weeding, removal of weeds 


godamel 




godavari 
godnu 




n. 
v.t. 


Godavari [a village in 
Kathmandu valley] 
to beat severely 


godnu 




v.t. 


to weed, to remove weeds 


gohi 


%$\ 


n. 


crocodile 


golbhinda 


^iir^'^i 


n. 


tomato 


goli 


*\\$\ 


n. 


a small ball, bullet 


goli gantho 




n. 


ankle bone 


golidvara mrityudanda 




n. 


death penalty by shooting 


goman sarp 




n. 


cobra 


gopalprasad rimal 
gopya 


J||Li| 


n. 
adj. 


Gopal Prasad Rimal [ a 
famous Nepali poet] 

confidential, secret, private 


goro 
goru 




adj. 
n. 


fair-complexioned, white 
[skin] 

ox [castrated] 


gosthi 
goth 


M\6 


n. 
n. 


symposium, small 
assembly, discourse 
cowshed, byre 


graha 


W 


n. 


planet, evil star, eclipse 


grahan 


i^"l 


n. 


acceptance, reception, act 
of receiving or holding 


gram 


*Jl\M 


n. 


village 


grenait 


iMl$d 


n. 


granite 


griha 


W 


n. 
adj. 


house, abode, residence, 
dwelling 


gulaphi 




pink, rose-coloured 


guliyo 


\3 


adj. 


sweet, sugary 


gumaraha 




adj. 


misled, astray 


gumaunu 




v.t. 


to lose, to forfeit 


gun 


7pJT 

V3 


n. 


quality, virtue, merit, 
attainment 


gunabodhak 




adj. 


qualitative [gram.] 


gundri 




n. 


mat made of rice, wheat or 
corn-straw 


gundruk 




n. 


fermented and dried 
vegetables 



53 



gupta 


H L d 


adj. 


obscure, hidden, secret, 
private 


guptacar 


no 


n. 


spy, emissary 


gupti 


N3 


n. 


spy, detective 


guru 


NO 


n. 


spiritual teacher, master, 
guide 


gurung 




n. 


Tamu, Gurung [a Nepali 
nationality] 


guruvar 


N3 


n. 


Thursday 


guthi 


N3 


n. 


a religious or benevolent 
society, trust, pledge 


gyan 


*IM 


n. 


knowledge, intelligence, 
understanding, wisdom 


gyani 


*ll«fl 


n./adj. 


learned, intelligent, 
informed, erudite 


gyapan 


*iim 


n. 


memorandum 


habba 


£<sc|| 


n. 


might, power, capacity, 
strength 


habbe 


^<se) 


n. 


might, power, capacity, 
strength 


hackanu 


\3 


v.i. 


to get frightened, to 
hesitate, to be scared 


had 


31^ 


n. 


bone 


hade badam 


$1^ «1<4W 


n. 


almond 


hadpa 


£<M 


n. 


confiscation, taking one's 
property illegally, 
misappropriation 


hadtal 


E^dM 


n. 


strike, picket 


haisiyat 


f!Ri<Md 


n. 


ability, status, merit, 
capacity 


hajar 


£*IK 


num. 


one thousand, 1,000 


hajurama 


si 


n. 


grandmother 


hajurba 




n. 


grandfather [rural] 


hajurbuva 


NO NO 


n. 


grandfather 


hajurmuma 




n. 


grandmother [upper class] 


hak 


^F 


n. 


right, authority, claim 


hal 


SM 


n./adj. 


present time, present 
condition, description 


halkhabar 


E5l*Hsl«K 


n. 


news current affair 


halla 


SHI 


n. 


noise, turmoil, uproar, 
tumult 


halnu 


£IH 


v.t. 


to put, to serve 



54 



haluka 




adj. 


light (in weight) 


haluko 




adj. 


light [weight] 


halungo 


*<&*! 


adj. 


light [weight] 


haluva 


£H=II 


n. 


flour boiled in water and 
mixed with butter and sugar 


haluvabed 




n. 


a kind of sweet fruit 


hamala 


S*HI 


n. 


attack, invasion, assault 


hamro 


sun 


pron. 


our (m.) 


hango 




n. 


branch, offspring 


haninu 


^TPFT 


v.i. 


to run very fast, to fly very 
fast 


hanknu 
hannu 


mi 


v.t. 
v.t. 


to drive, to challenge, to 
exaggerate 

to strike, to shoot, to jump 


hans 


fw 


n. 


duck, goose, swan 


hansa 


^T 


n. 
v.t. 


soul, vital air, life; duck, 
swan, goose 


hansaunu 




to cause to laugh 


hanseuli 
hansilo 




n. 
adj. 

n. 


laughter, joke, jest, fun, 
spott 

humerous, cheerful, 
frolicsome, jolly, jovial, gay, 
merry 


hans-kukhura palan 




poultry farming 


hanso 


ShHl 


n. 


laughter, laugh 


hanssi 


ff^t 


n. 


laughter, joke, fun 


hara 


?TT 


adj. 


every, everyone 


haraunu 




v.i. 


to lose, to defeat 


harayo 


£<l4l 




it has got lost 


harbakhat 


^<°l-i£(d 


adv. 


always, ever 


hardam 


$<m 


adv. 


always, ever 


hariya makai 


$U.M\ H4> 


n. 


corn on the cob 


hariyo 


*M 


adj. 


green 


hartakarta 


^dl+di 


n. 
adj. 


one who is all in all, the 
Almighty 


hasil 


SIKH 


obtained, acquired 


hastagat 


SW'M 


adj. 


received, obtained 


hastakala 


$W«MI 


n. 


handicraft, hand-work 


hastakshar 


SWISK 


n. 


signature, one's own 



55 









handwriting 


hastakshep 


EHdflH 


n. 


interference, interruption 


hat 


FTcT 


n. 


hand 


hat aunu 


£ld ^H 


comp. 


to fall into someone's 
hands 


hat halnu 


£ld SM 




to lend a hand 


hatiyar 


^PdilK 


n. 


weapon 


hatkelo 


£c*HI 


n. 


palm 


hatnu 


^3 


v.i. 


to retreat, to go away, to 
get out of the way 


hatteri 


F^ 


adv. 


word used for expressing 
surprise or sorrow 


hatti 


!TTfft 


n. 


elephant 


hatya 


£c^l 


n. 


murder, killing, slaughter 


hava 


^T 


n. 


air, wind, breeze 


hava 


SMI 


n. 


air, wind, breeze 


havai 


s=n* 


adj. 


airy, relating to air 


havai jahaj 


w\i vji^n 


n. 


airplane 


havai marg 


E!e||$ hm! 


n. 


air route 


havai-dank 


^«ii^-^I+ 


n. 


air letter, aerograph 


havajahaj 


SMMSM 


n. 


aeroplane, airplane 


havan 


S«M 


n. 


fire sacrifice 


havapani 


SMHIdl 


n. 


climate, weather 


havas 


34^ 




o.k. [a word to indicate 
obedience] 


hemanta 


£*It1 


n. 


late autumn, beginning of 
the cold season 


hernu 


-\ r 


v.t. 


to see, to look at, to watch 


herpher 


£<>+>< 


n. 


change, exchange, 
alteration, transfer 


hijo 


m 


adv. 


yesterday 


hijo rati 


?M\ <ld1 


adv. 


last night 


hijoaja 




adv. 


nowadays 


himalaya pradesh 


YtHMM y<**H 


n. 


Himalayan region 


himarekha 




n. 


snowline 


himasrot bhaeko nadi 


Rm-blld *^«H dil 


n. 


meltwater river 


him-marubhumi 




n. 


tundra 


hina 


^T 


adj. 


low, vile, inferior, degraded, 



56 



hindi 
hindnu 

hira 

hit 

hiun 

hoco 

hodabaji 

hosh 

hosh garnu 

hoshiyar 

hoshiyari 

hotel 

hridaya 

hukka 

hulak adda 

hundi 

huri 

huri calnu 

hyolmo 

iccha 

icchit 

icchuk 

ijjat 

ikh 

ikh phernu 

ilaka 

ilam 

ilame 
iman 
imandar 
imandar 



StftFTTft 






r -\ r 

^fr- 



oth" 





base, humble 


n. 


Hindi 


v.i. 


to walk, to go, to move, to 
start, to set off 


n. 


diamond 


n. 


gain, benefit 


n. 


snow 


adj. 


short, low 


n. 


contest, gambling, betting 


n. 
v.t. 


sense, sensibility, 
intelligence 

to be cautious 


adj. 


cautious, careful 


n. 
n. 


cautiousness, carefulness, 
prudence 

hotel 


n. 


heart, mind, will 


n. 


water pipe, Hookka 


n. 


post office 


postp. 


during 


n. 


strong wind, storm 




to be stormy 


n. 
n. 


Hyolmo [a Nepalese 
nationality] 

wish, desire 


adj. 


desired, wished for 


adj. 


interested 


n. 


honour, status 


n. 


jealousy, envy, vengeance 


v.t. 


to take revenge 


n. 


jurisdiction, possession, 
limit, area under control 


n. 
n. 


Ilam (a district in Eastern 

Nepal) 

inhabitant of Ilam 


n. 


truth, belief, faith, honesty 


adj. 


honest, trustworthy, faithful 


adj. 


honest, faithful 



57 



imandari 

indonesia 

indriya 

inklab 

int 

irada 

irsya 

irsyalu 

ishara 

ishvar 

iskus 

ispat 

ista 

itar 

itihas 

itihasik 

itihaskar 

itrinu 

ityadi 

iyarphon 

jado 

jaga 

jagaran 

jagat 

jagga 

jagir 

jagnu 

jahaj 

jahan 

jahan 

jal 



^Hf^l 

is 

r r 

?RT 

i^x 

^S 
$ic1SlRi + 

*rr§t 

*IHK<J| 
SFnT 






n. 
n. 


honesty, faithfulness, 
integrity 

Indonesien 


n. 


sense, sense organ 


n. 


revolution 


n. 


brick 


n. 


wish, desire, will, plan, 
intention 


n. 


jealousy, envy 


adj. 


jealous, envious 


n. 


gesture, sign, indication, 
wink 


n. 


God, the Lord 


n. 


a kind of vegetable 


n. 


steel 


adj. 


wished, desired 


adj. 


other 


n. 


history 


adj. 


historical 


n. 


historian 


v.i. 
conj. 


to be mischievous, to talk 
mischievously about sex 

etcetera, etc. 


n. 


earphone, hearing-aid 


n./adj. 


coolness, winter, chill, cold 


n. 


foundation, ground work 


n. 


awakening, wakefulness 


n. 


universe, the world 


n. 


landland, field, estate 


n. 

v.i. 

n. 


employment, Job, service, 
monthly salary, wages 

to wake up, to be alert, to 
be angry 

ship, vessel 


pron. 


where 



n. 



family, members of the 
family 

water 



58 



jalaunu 




jali 


«H«fl 


jalnu 


V3 


jal-shakti 
jalvayu 


*M-«Mirb 




jalvayuko prabhav 




jal-vibhajak 


*M-P«WM + 


jama 


*iw 


jama 


*wi 


jamaunu 


\3 


jamin 


^4lH 


jamma 


^FTTT 


jamnu 




jana 




jana-andolan 




janacetana 


*H-=ldHI 


janaganana 


«M'I"MI 


janai 




jana-jagaran 


«H-vj|MKU| 


janajati 


^<MlPd 


janajivan 
janakari 


^h41=ih 


«IM+lO 


janapakshiya 


*MM$lto 


janapravad 

jana-sahabhagita 
janasamaksha 


«ny«iw 


*HflEWlPldl 


«M*m$1 


janasankhya 


*M*Ml 


janashruti 


SpTsrfcT 


janasvasthya 


*M*e|KWJ 


janata 
janatantravad 


*Mdl 


^Hd^=IK 



v.t. 


to set fire to 


n./adj. 
v.i. 


1. forgerer, netting, web, film; 
imitated, forged 

to burn, to be kindled 


n. 


water power 


n. 


climate 


n. 


climatical influence 


n. 


watershed 


n. 


congestion, dregs, rusts 


adv. 


tol, in sum, altogether 


v.t. 


to make solid, to freeze 


n. 


land, field 


adv. 


tol, in sum, altogether 


v.i. 


to be frozen 


n. 


(counting word for persons) 


n. 


popular movement, 
people's movement 


n. 


ethnic consciousness, 
national consciousness 


n. 


census 


n. 


sacred thread of a 
Brahman 


n. 


popular awakening, 
renaissance 


n. 


ethnic group, nationality 


n. 


public life, public living 


n. 


knowledge, information 


adj. 


related to the people 


n. 


hearsay, rumour, common 
talk 


n. 


popular participation 


comp. 


in public 


n. 


population 



n. 
n. 

n. 



rumour, hearsay, common 
talk 

public health 

people, public, mass, 
mankind 

democracy 



59 



janatantrik ^h^P-^ 

janavad ^H=IK 



janavar ^HT=R 

jane ^TPET 

jancnu 

jand 

jangal jamaune kam 

jangal tayar parne 

jangali 

janieko 

janjal 

janma 

janmabhumi 

janmadar 

janmadata 

janmanu 

janmat 

janmathalo 

janmaunu 

janmeko 

iannu ^TT^T 

jantantra spTcP'l 

janto ^ffeft 

janu ^TPT 

japan ^TFT 

japnu ^r^T 

jarayo ^RFTT 

jari *nft 



adj. democratic, democratical 

n. a political principle in which 

the supreme administrator 
must be elected by 
common people 






^PR-zpft 
^-H*l 



n. 


animal, beast 


n. 


exam, test 


v.t. 


to test, to examine 


n. 


beer 


n. 


afforestation, 




reafforestation 


n. 


afforestation, 




reafforestation 


adj. 


savage, wild, beastly 


adj. 


known 


n. 


worldly domestic affairs, 




family, wife and children 


n. 


birth, life, nativity, 




production 


n. 


birthplace 


n. 


birth rate 


n. 


father, progenitor, producer 


v.i. 


to be born 


n. 


public opinion 


n. 


birth-place, place where 




born 


v.t. 


to give birth to 


adj. 


born 


v.t. 


to know, to understand 


n. 


people's democracy 


n. 


handmill for grinding corn 




etc. 


v.i. 


to go 


n. 


Japan 


v.t. 


to mutter prayers, to repeat 




mantra or prayer, to tell 




beads 


n. 


a kind of deer 


adj. 


proceeding, continued, 



current, in force 



60 



anmana 



anvana 



arun 

asta 

astai 

asto 

asto dekhincha 

asto sunincha 

at 

ati 

ativacak nam 

atiya 

atpat 
au 

javab 
avan 
javaph 
javaphdehi 

aya 

ayaprakash malla 

ehandar 

el 
eth 

ethaju 
ethan 
ethani didi 

ethi sasu 
etho 
hagada 
halkanu 



*lfle|HI 

STRI" 



*T5 






V3 



n. 


fine, punishment, money 




penalty 


n. 


fine, punishment, money 




penalty 


adj. 


urgent, immediate 


n. 


tin 


conj. 


as for example, i.e., like 


conj. 


as for example, i.e., like 


comp. 


it looks like 


comp. 


it sounds like 


n. 


class, caste, kind, sort 


adv. 


that much, about 


n. 


generic term 


adj. 


national, pertaining to the 




nation 


n. 


caste system 


n. 


barley 


n. 


answer 


n. 


young man, youth 


n. 


answer 


n. 


responsibility, 




accountability, obligation 


n. 


victory, conquest, triumph, 




gain, profit 


n. 


Jayaprakash Malla [the last 




Malla king of Kathmandu] 


adj. 


intelligent, wise 


n. 


jail, prison 


n. 


second month of the Nepali 




year [May-June] 


n. 


husband's elder brother 


n. 


elder brother' wife 


n. 


husband's elder brother's 




wife 


n. 


wife's elder sister 



n. 
n. 
v.i. 



eldest [of brothers] 

quarrel, dispute, squabble 

to mshine, to glitter, to 
glisten 



61 



halmal 

hamtanu 

han 

han jhan 

handa 

hangad 

hantnu 
harnu 

haskanu 

hiknu 

hinge macha 

hingo 

hoi 

huknu 

hunda 

hutho 

huto 

hyal 

hyalkhana 

ibro 

ilia 






r 

3TT 



SO ^ 

^Z\ 
^IH^IHT 

M" 

mV<*II 



ilia pramukh adhikari fa^rr ymi§; 3{fljcbi0 
ilia vikas samiti fawn" P=I4>I^ ^[^Pd 



imma 

immevari 
jindagi 
'ira 
jirel 

it 

itnu 
iu 
iundo 






adj. 


bright, resplendent, brilliant 


v.t. 


to spring upon, to assault 


adv. 


more 




more and more 


n. 


flag, banner 


n. 


Jhangad [a Nepalese 
nationality] 


v.t. 


to thresh (paddy), to rebuke 


v.i. 


to fall, to descend, to go 
down 


v.i. 


to be startled, to get 
frightened all of a sudden, 
to feel sudden alarm 


v.t. 


to take out, to take off 


n. 


shrimp 


n. 


fly, housefly 


n. 


broth, soup 


v.i. 


to bow down, to stoop 


n. 


group, assembly, bond 


adj. 


untrue, false 


adj. 


untrue, false 


n. 


window 


n. 


jail, prison 


n. 


tongue 


n. 


district 


n. 


Chief District Officer, CDO 


n. 


District Development 
Committee, DDC 


n. 


responsibility, care, custody 


n. 


responsibility 


n. 


life 


n. 


cumin 


n. 


Jirel [a Nepalese 
nationality] 


n. 


victory, triumph, success 




to win 


n. 


body, person, frame 


adj. 


living, alive, lively 



62 



jiunu 




jivajantu 


4l=M-d 


jivan 




jivani 


41=1 HI 


jivanshaili 


4)=H^ 


jivjantu 
joban 


4l=M-d 


vj||s|H 


jod 


«n^ 


jodi 


*fl^l 


jodnu 


^\3 


joi 
jokhnu 


*\ r 


*IHsH 


jotnu 
juhar 


V3 




juka 
juktanu 

julus 


\3 




SO V3 


jumra 




jun 




jun 
junaph 






junar 


\5 


junelo 




junga 
junkiri 


«hii 




junsukai 




juramuraunu 


*KH<I^H 


jut 


V5 


jutaunu 
juthyaunu 






jutnu 





v.i. 


to live 


n. 


living being, animal 


n. 


life, existence, animation 


n. 


life-story, biography 


n. 


way of life, habits, lifestyle 


n. 


animal, living being 


n. 


youth, puberty, flower of 




youth 


n. 


power, strength; join, 




addition, total, the sum total 


n. 


couple 


v.t. 


to add, to join 


n. 


wife [rural] 


v.t. 


to weigh 


v.t. 


to plow, to harness 


n. 


jewel, jewellery, gem 


n. 


leeches, tapeworms 


v.i. 


to be forthcoming, to be 




collected, to be united, to 




be entangled 


n. 


procession, marching 


n. 


lice 


n. 


moon 


pron. 


which, whichever 


n. 


presence 


n. 


orange 


n. 


large millet 


n. 


moustache 


n. 


firefly 


pron. 


whichever, whatsoever 


v.i. 


to be active, to be alert 


adj. 


group, party 


v.t. 


to collect, to gather 


v.t. 


to get dirty, so soil 


v.i. 


to be collected, to be united 



63 



jutta 




n. 


shoe, slipper, boot 


juva 




n. 


game, gamble 


juva khelnu 


*MI <s|H 




to gamble 


jvain 

jyada 

jyadai 




n. 

adj. 

adj. 


daughter's husband, son- 
in-law 

too much, in excess, 
excessive 

extremely 


jyestha 




n. 
n. 


second month of the Nepali 
year (May-June) 


jyotirvidya 




astronomy, astrology 


jyotis 




n. 


astronomy, astrology 


jyotisi 


^lld'CI 


n. 


astrologer, astronomer 


kabja 


cfxajjl 


n. 


possession, occupation 


kacauro 


+-4\0 


n. 


cup 


kachuva 


cb^l 


n. 


turtle, tortoise 


kacinggal 


+hHM 


n. 


quarrel 


kada 


ch^l 


adj. 


hard, harsh, cruel, unkind 


kadam 


<MH 


n. 


step, footstep 


kadar 


«K< 


n. 


respect, value, appreciation 


kag 


+HI 


n. 


crow, raven 


kagati 


+Mldl 


n. 


lime 


kahalaunu 




v.i. 


to be called, to be famous 


kahan 


+£l 


pron. 


where? in what place? 


kahan pani 


+^l mPh 


adv. 


nowhere, not anywhere 


kahani 


cb^lHl 


n. 


saying, proverb, story 


kahile 


+fe3 


pron. 


when? at what time? 


kahile kahin 
kahin 




adv. 
adv. 


sometimes, from time to 
time 

wherever 


kahin kahin 
kahinlo 


cblfeVfl 


adv. 
n. 


at some places, in many a 
place 

fourth eldest [of brothers] 


kaid 




n. 


imprisonment, jail 


kaid garnu 


3 r 


v.t. 


to arrest 


kaidi 


M 


n. 


prisoner, captive, convict 


kaidkhana 


«K<slHI 


n. 


prison, jail 



64 



kailo 




adj. 


light-brown [hair] 


kainyo 


^Tf^ff 


n. 


comb 


kaiphat 


*^d 


n. 


statement, remark, 
description 


kaiphiyat 


cbiVld 


n. 


statement, remark, 
description 


kaiyaun 


cMI 


adj. 


innumerable, many, several 


kaiyun 




adj. 


innumerable, many, several 


kaj 


cbM 


n. 


work, duty, job, occupation 


kaju 




n. 


cashew nut 


kaka 


cbl*l 


n. 


father's brother 


kakh 


*Hs| 


n. 


position formed while sitting 
cross-legged on the floor, 
side of the body above the 
hip, lap 


kakhi 


cH^I 


n. 


arm-pit 


kaki 




n. 


father's brother's wife 


kakrinu 
kakryaunu 




v.i. 


to become stiff by cold, to 
be numbed 

to make numbed 


\3 


v.t. 


kal 


+M 


n. 


time, period, era, age, 
season, death 


kala 


=MI 


n. 


art, craft, technics 


kalaha 


cM£ 


n. 


quarrel, scramble, dispute, 
fray 


kalakar 


cMI*K 


n. 


artist, technician 


kalakaushal 


eMI+l*M 


n. 


state of being skilful 


kale 




n. 


a dark skinned human 
being 


kaleji 


cM4l 


adj. 


dark-red 


kalejo 


cbH^I 


n. 


liver 


kaligad 


cMR-HI^e! 


n. 


artisan 


kahj 


+IR-M 


n. 


pheasant 


kalilo 


+R-MI 


adj. 


ender, soft, delicate, young 


kalo 


+MI 


adj. 


black 


kalo dal 


+MI <*M 


n. 


black lentils 


kalo mas 


+MI ^m 


n. 


black lentils 


kalpa 


cb^M 


n. 


era 


kalpana 


cb^MHI 


n. 


imagination, fiction, 



65 



kalpanashakti 

kalyan 

kalyanakari 

kam 

kam 

kam garnu 

kamai 

kamaunu 

kamdar 

kamej 
kamero 

kamilo 
kamjori 

kamkaj 

kammal 

kammar 

kamnu 

kamta 

kamti 

kan 

kancat 

kanchi 

kancho 

kanco 

kand 

kandha 

kandhinu 

kando 

kanggal 

kanka loti 



cMJIuicHft 



^RT? 
cbRI^H 



^R^T 
^RTT 

cbf*HI 
cbR^Tld 

cblR*N 
^RT 








supposition, assumption 


n. 


powers of imagination 


n. 


welfare, good 


adj. 


propitious, auspicious, 
beneficial, good 


n. 


work, duty, job, occupation 


adj. 


little, less, small 


v.t. 


to work 


n. 


income, returns, mode of 




earning 


v.t. 


to earn, to acquire wealth, 
to cultivate 


n. 


worker, labourer, porter, 
helper 


n. 


shirt 


n. 


white clay used in painting 
walls 


n. 


ant 


n. 


weakness, debility, 
deficiency 


n. 


business, occupation, work 


n. 


blanket 


n. 


waist 


v.i. 


to tremble, to shiver 


adj. 


less, insufficient, short 


adj. 


less, insufficient, short 


n. 


ear 


n. 


temple 


n. 


last born female child, nice 




young girl 


n. 


youngest [of brothers] 


adj. 


raw, unripe, immature 


n. 


chapter, branch, incident 




shoulder 


v.i. 


to be fatt [with eating] 


n. 


thorn 


adj. 


poor, penniless, penurious 


n. 


ear lobes 



66 



kankro 

kano 

kanparo 

kanso 

kanta 

kantipur 

kanun 
kanun bamojit 

kapada 

kapal 

kapal kornu 
kapal nuhaunu 
kaphal 

kaphi 

kapnu 

kar 

kar 

kara 

karadanda 

karagar 

karagriha 

karai 

karamat 
karan 

karaunu 
karavas 
kardata 

karelo 

karib 

karigar 

karkhana 



cb-MKI 









3R 

^RT 

+KMIK 

+<wd 

^R*T 
+<<*ldl 

<W«slHI 



n. 


cucumber 


adj. 


blind in one eye, one-eyed 


n. 


temple 


n. 


bronze 


n. 


fork 




Kantipur [an old name for 
Kathmandu] 


n. 


law, regulation 


n. 


according to the law, in 
conformity with the law 

cloth, clothing, apparel, 
wear 


n. 


hair of the head, head 



n. 


hair of the head, head 


v.t. 


to comb the hair 


v.t. 


rinse hair 


n. 


a fruit like strawberry but 




with a hard pit 


n. 


coffee 


v.t. 


to carve, to chisel 


n. 


car 


n. 


tax 


n. 


imprisonment, confinement 


n. 


prison sentence 


n. 


prison, jail 


n. 


prison, jail 


n. 


cooking pot [with a wide 




mouth] 


n. 


miracle 


n. 


cause, motive, purpose, 




reason, occasion, origin 


v.i. 


to shout 


n. 


prison sentence 


n. 


tributory, tax-paying, tax- 




payer 


n. 


a bitter vegetable, bitter 




gourd 


adv. 


almost, aproximately 


n. 


artisan 


n. 


workshop, factory, 



67 



karma 
karmacari 




n. 


manufactory 
deed, act, work 

employee, officer 


cb^Nld 


n. 


karod 


r 


num. 


crore, 10 million, 
10.000.000 


kartavya 


=bd^ 


n. 


duty, task 


kartik 
karuva 


child* 


n. 
n. 


seventh month of the 
Nepali year (October- 
November) 

brass pot with a spout 


karya 


+1^ 


n. 


action, act, duty, 
occupation, profession, 
function, role 


karya samiti 


+1*1 flWkl 


n. 


working committee 


karyakarini 


r 


adj. 


executive 


karyakram 


r 


n. 


programme, schedule 


karya lay a 


+|A|MA| 

r 


n. 


workshop, office 


karyanvayan 


ch|i|Mi|H 


n. 


execution, implementation 


karyapalika 


eWAIHIH+l 


n. 


executive 


karyashala 


+|4S(IHI 


n. 


workshop 


kasari 


cKifl 


pron. 


how? in what way? 


kasaundi 
kasle lagyo? 




n. 
comp. 


cooking pot [with a narrow 
mouth] 

who has taken it? 


kasnu 


+M 

\3 


v.t. 


to tighten, to pull firmly 


kast 


cb^d 


n. 


pain, distress, trouble, 
hardship 


kasturi 




n. 


muskdeer 


katahar 


+d£< 


n. 


jack fruit 


kataunu 


*dl^M 


v.t. 


to cause to be cut, to cause 
to be beheaded 


katauro 


+dKI 


n. 


cup 


katha 


*?TT 


n. 


story, tale, fable, narrative 


katha halnu 




comp. 


to tell a story 


kathan 


gj«FT 


n. 


utterance, narration, 
statement 


kathin 
kathinai 


cbPiH 
cbPiHI^ 


adj. 
n. 


difficult, hard, arduous, not 
easy 

difficulty 


kathit 


^Td" 


adj. 


said, narrated, told 



68 



kathor 



kat 
kat 
kat 
kat 
kat 
kat 
kat 



baje? 

bajyo? 

bhayo? 

ma? 

nu 

paya 

katnu 

kattar 

kauli 

kavi 

kavita 

kayam 

kayam garnu 

ke 

kehi 

kehi kurako anurodh 
garnu 

kehi kurako mato 
milnu 

kehi kurama anurodh 
garnu 

kehi kurama mato 
milnu 

kelaunu 

kendrit 

kera 

kerau 

kesari 

kesh 

ketaketima 

keti 

keto 

keval 



^5K 

3% m\ ? 



# ? 



\3 \o \i 






adj. hard, harsh, rigid, unkind, 

cruel 

pron. how much? how many? 

comp. at which time? 

comp. what's the time? 

comp. how much is it? 

comp. for how much? 

v.i. to be cut 

adj. some, few 

v.t. to cut, to chop, to cancel 

adj. diehard, orthodox 

n. cauliflower 

n. poet 

n. poem 

adj. fixed, settled, firm, steady 

comp. to fix a date 

pron. what? 

adj. something 

comp. to ask for, to request 

comp. to agree upon, to arrange 

comp. to ask for, to request 

comp. to agree upon, to arrange 



v.t. 


to sift, to remove impurities 


adj. 


centered 


n. 


banana 


n. 


pea 


adj. 


saffron-coloured 


n. 


hair of the head 


comp. 


in childhood 


n. 


girl 


n. 


boy 


adv. 


only, mere, all, whole 



69 



khabar 


<S|«K 


n. 


message 


khabarkagat 


<sl «K+hm 


n. 


newspaper 


khacar 


<s|-«K 


n. 


mule 


khada 


<sl^l 


adj. 


erect, upright 


khadkundo 




n. 


a very large cooking vessel 
with rings on two sides to 
hold 


khadukunlo 

ii _i — . 




n. 


a very large cooking vessel 
with rings on two sides to 
hold 

£ 1 


khadyanna 


<sU^M 


n. 


food grains 


khagat 


<slHM 


n. 


paper 


khairo 




adj. 


brown 


khaja 


^T^TT 


n. 


snack 


khajasaja 


<slNHNI 


n. 


snack 


khajur 




n. 


date 


khala 


<slMI 


n. 


the outer layer of skin 


khaldo 


<sllc^ 


n. 


valley, ditch, trench, pit, 
hole 


khali 


<sH«fl 


adj. 


only, mere, merely, alone 


khamba 


<slHI 


n. 


pillar, pole, post 


khanaunu 


V3 


v.t. 


to cause to be dug 


khanci 


<S|H) 


n. 


Khanchi [one of the former 
mini stets of western Nepal] 


khanco 


<slRl 


n. 


requirement, need, 
necessity 


khand 

i i _i 


<s|^ 


n. 


part, section, chapter, 
division, piece, canto 

£ A—. J.' — 1 J. J. 1 


khandan 


<slW 


n. 


refutation, rebuttal, 
repudiation, denial 


khandit 


<slP^d 


adj. 


broken into pieces, split 


khanekura 


<s|H =KI 


n. 


food 


khani 


wfa 


n. 


mine 


khanij 


q[H*\ 


n. 


minerals 


khanij padartha 


q[H*\ w*f 


n. 


mineral product 


khaninu 




v.i. 


to be poured out 


khannu 




v.t. 


to dig 


khanu 


<slH 


v.t. 


to eat 


khanyaunu 


«=MI^M 


v.t. 


to pour out 



70 



khapat 


Wtt 


khappar 


wn 


kharab 


<sKM 


kharab 


Q<c\ 


kharani 


<sKIHl 


kharau 


<sKW 


kharaunu 


<sKI^H 

\3 


kharayo 


<sKl4) 


kharca 


<sH 


kharidnu 




khanj 


<sllK«l 


khas 


^T^T 


khasaunu 


\3 


khasi 


<sl«fi 


khasnu 




khasro 


<sKfl 


khat 


<slld 


khatam 


<sld*l 


khednu 


<sKH 

-A3 


khel 


#^r 


kheladi 


£Mi4) 


khelaunu 


<sMlvH 

V3 


khelnu 


\5 


kher 


iR 


kheri 


#ft 


kheti 


M 


kheti garnu 




khetikamai 


M<*>H\i 


kheti-pati 


^dl-Mldl 


khicadi 


RsNdl 



n. 


consumption, sale, demand 


n. 


skull 


adj. 
num. 


bad, wicked, spoiled, 
naughty 

100 billion, 
1.00.00.00.00.000 




ashes, ash-coloured 


n. 


wooden sandal, wooden 


v.t. 


slipper 

to fry hard, to overparch 


n. 


hare 


n. 


expense, expenditure, 
disbursement, oulay 


v.t. 


to buy, to purchase 


adj. 
adj. 


dismissed, rejected, 
discharged 

real, true, particular, proper 


v.t. 


to cause to fall 


n. 


castrated he-goat 


v.i. 


to fall, to die 


adj. 


rough, coarse, frank 


n. 


bed stead 


n. 


end, finish, conclusion, 
death 


v.t. 


to chase 


n. 


play, game 


n. 


player 


v.t. 


to cause to play 


v.t. 


to play, to act 


n. 


time, length of time, 
destruction, loss, waste 


postp. 


during 


n. 


agriculture, cultivation 


v.t. 


to till the ground, to carry 
out agriculture 


n. 


agricultural income 


n. 


agriculture, cultivation 


n. 


a mixture of rice and lentils 
cooked together 



71 



khicalo 

khicolo 

khir 

khoi 

khoj 

khoji 

khojkhabar 

khojnu 
kholnu 

kholo 
khopo 

khoriya 

khorsani 

khosuva 

khudkila 

khukuri 

khumcinu 

khunda 

khushi 

khusi 
khutrukka 

khutto 

khuvaunu 

ki 

kilakile 
kimbu 
kina 

kinabhane 
kinamel garnu 



RsM«fi 



3f^T 

3mt 
3f#^t 



fa 



n. 


interference, meddling; 




disturbance, quarrel, 




turmoil 


n. 


meddling, quarrel, 




interference 


n. 


rice pudding 


pron. 


where (is it) ? 


n. 


search, quest, pursuit 


n. 


inquiry 


n. 


trace, quest, search, 




enquiry 


v.t. 


to search 


v.i./v.t. 


to open, to unfasten, to 




explain, to annotate 


n. 


small river 


n. 


a small hole in the wall for 




keeping things 


n. 


uncultivated land, nature 




reserve 


n. 


chilli, hot pepper 


n. 


thieve, one who snatches 


n. 


steps 


n. 


a Nepalesed curved knife 


v.i. 


to shrink 


n. 


a kind of sword, a kind of 




scimitar 




pleasure, delight, 




cheerfulness, glad, happy 


adj. 


happy 


n. 


the sound produced by little 




articles when dropped 


n. 


leg 


v.t. 


to feed 


conj. 


or, either; word to denote 




interrogation or doubt 


n. 


uvula 


n. 


mulberry 


pron. 


why? 


conj. 


because 


v.t. 


to go shopping, to buy 



72 



kinnu 




v.t. 


to buy 


kintu 


fVd 


conj. 


but, only, without 


kinvadanti 


i+cK'-dl 


n. 


rumour, hearsay, false 
report, popular talk, vague 
talk, tradition 


kira 


3kr 


n. 


worm 


kiraya 


r+<wi 


n. 


hire, rent 


kiro 


*ffi 


n. 


insect, worm 


kirtiman 


eWld-HM 


adj. 


renowned, famous, 
celebrated 


kisam 


Pmw 


n. 


kind, sort, class, species 


kisan 


PcKiH 


n. 


farmer, peasant 


kisim 


r+Rm 


n. 


kind, sort, class, species 


kismis 


r+uHm 


n. 


raisins 


kisti 




n. 


tray 


kith 


IcbrHl 


n. 


kettle 


kitnu 


PcbdH 


v.t. 


to grind teeth, to gnash, to 
decide, to fix, to specify, to 
resolve 


kodah 


+KIHI 


n. 


spade (with short handle) 


kodalo 


+KMI 


n. 


spade (with long handle) 


kodo 


+KI 


n. 


a kind of millet 


kohi 




adj. 


anybody, anyone, someone 


koila 




n. 


coal 


KOMI 


<$\$<M 


n. 


cuckoo 


kop 


cHM 


n. 


anger, wrath 


kop-bhajan 


cblM-^HNH 


n. 


victim of anger 


kopila 


+lpHI 


n. 


bud 


koriya 


chlP^I 


n. 


Korea 


kornu 




v.t. 


to scratch 


kos 
koshish 


+1*1 


n. 
n. 


a measure of length 
(distance of about 2 miles) 

endeavour, attempt, 
exertion, effort 


koshish garnu 


V3 


v.t. 


to try 


kot 


chid 


n. 


coat 


kotha 


cbldl 


n. 


room 


kotparva 


+ldM«l 


n. 


(a histsorical event: Jang 



73 



kotparva pashcat 




kotyaunu 




kram 


^R" 


kramashah 


'bW: 


krambodhak 

kramjor 

kranti 






*lkd 


krishna paksha 


c 


krisi 


c 


krisi utpadan 


c 


kritagya 
kriyakalap 


c 


r^iiicMH 


kriyapad 
kriyayogi 


[H^i^k 


I+^whD 


kshamata 


5T^TT 


kshetra 
kshetraphal 

kucakra 




$H4H 




kuco 
kucyaunu 


=MI 




kudnu 


\3 -\\3 


kuhino 




kuhuno 




kuhunu 




kukhurako bhale 


eHsKI+l *iM 

\5 v> 


kukhurako pothi 


eHsKI<*| Hl4l 


kukhun 


«Hs|{| 

\3 \o 


kukhuro 




kukur 


cbcb< 





Bahadur's coup of 1846 
that brought the Rana 
family into power) 

after the coup of 1 846 


v.t. 


to prick, to scratch 


n. 


series, chain, order, 
method 


adj. 

n. 


step by step, by degree, 
serially, successively 

ordinal number 


adj. 


weak, ineffective 


n. 
comp. 


revolution, pace, 
movement, declination, 
invading, surpassing 

dark fortnight, the phase of 
the waning moon 


n. 


agriculture 


n. 


agricultural production 


adj. 


thankful, grateful 


n. 


functions, rites, ceremonies 


n. 


verb 


n. 


adverb 


n. 
n. 


ability, capacity, might, 
power 

file, plot of land, area 


n. 
n. 


products of the land, field 
crops, area 

intrigue, a secret plot 


n. 


broom 


v.t. 


to crush 


v.i. 


to run 


n. 


elbow 


n. 


elbow 


v.i. 


to rot 


n. 


cock, rooster 


n. 


hen 


n. 


hen 


n. 


chicken 


n. 


dog 



74 



kul 




n. 


race, generation, family, 
clan, dynasty, parentage 


kumari 


eMJlfl 


n. 


princess, unmarried women 


kun 

i i ■ _ 


\3 


adj. 

i ■ 


which, what 

i_ ■ i /■> 


kuncahin 




adj. 


which one? 


kund 


ND 


n. 


pond, tank 


kundnu 




v.t. 


to hew, to carve 


kunni 




adv. 


1 don't know, perhaps, 
maybe 


kuposan 


chH|fc|U| 


n. 


malnutrition 


kura 


cb<l 

\3 


n. 


word, matter, affair, talk 


kurakani 

i 


eKI+l-fl 


n. 


conversation, talk, chat 

"II l_ ' 1 1 _l — X'll _ — -1 


kurauni 


cKI^HI 

V3 


n. 


milk boiled down till nearly 
solid 


kurnu 




v.t. 


to wait,to attend 


kursi 


\3 


n. 


chair 


kushal 


V3 


n./adj. 


happiness, wellbeing; 
skilful, proficient, expert 


kushasan 


^RII*H 


n. 


bad government, 
maladministration 


kusti 


*^1 

\5 


n. 


wrestling 


kusti khelnu 

1 J.—. _ "X 






to wrestle 


kutapita 




n. 


beating, exchange of blows 


kutnaitik kshetra 


\3 


n. 


strategical area 


kutnu 




v.t. 


to beat, to hit 


kuva 


=MI 

r 


n. 


well 


kvartj 


4=1 ld^ 


n. 


quartz 


kyare 


W* 




1 suppose 


labh 


WH 


n. 

i : 


value, profit, gain, earning, 
advantage 


lacar 


HMK 


adj. 


unable, helpless, obliged 


ladain 


?\£\i 


n. 


war, battle, fighting, strife 


ladnu 


S\3 


v.i./v.t. 


to fight, to struggle, to fall 
down 


lagabhaga 


«\*m*\ 


adv. 


about, nearly, 
approximately, almost 


lagaeko 


^ll^+l 


adj. 


used 


lagani 


<-HIIHl 


n. 

, . x 


investment 


lagaunu 


<-HII^M 


v.t. 


to use, to put on, to wear, 



75 



lagayat 
laghukatha 
laghu-katha 
lagnu 

lagu 
lahad 

lahad aunu 
lahar 

lahari 

laihernu 
laijanu 
laj 
lajja 

lakh 

lakkhan 

laksha 

lakshmiprasad 
devkota 

lakshya 
lalitpur 

lam 
lamai 
lamba 
lamkanu 

lamkhutte 
lamo 
lampasar 
lamtann 






^¥ 3TT^T 












\3 



?fwr 

<-HdH 



postp. 
n. 
n. 
v.i. 

adj. 



to set up, to cause to work 
including, together with 

short story 

short story 

to appear, to begin, to start, 
to join 

intoxicating, exciting 

entertainment, diversion of 
mind, amusement, joke 

to wish 



n. 


ripple, small wave, surge, 
undulation 


n. 


ripple, small wave, surge, 
undulation 


v.t. 


to try on [clothes] 


v.t. 


to carry, to take away 


n. 


shame, shyness, modesty 


n. 


shame, shyness, 
dishonour, ignominy, 
scandal, disgrace 


num. 


one hundred thousand, 
1.00.000 


adj. 


one hundred thousand, 
1.00.000 


adj. 


one hundred thousand, 
1.00.000 


n. 
n. 


Lakshmi Prasad Devkota [a 
famous Nepali poet] 

aim, target, goal 


n. 


Lalitpur, Patan [a 
neighbouring town of 
Kathmandu] 


n. 


a long line, a queue 


n. 


length 


adj. 


long 


v.i. 


to walk with long steps, to 
stride 


n. 


mosquito 


adj. 


long 


adj. 


prostrate, stretched out 


adj. 


prostrate, stretched out 



76 



lanchana 


<HI^HI 


n. 


stigma, blame, slander 


lanu 




v.t. 


to take away, to remove 


lapakka 


HM4+ 


adv. 


adhering, attaching, 
stricking 


lapsi 




n. 


a kind of sour fruit 


larbarinu 




v.i. 


to reel, to stagger, to sway 


lash 


«im 


n. 


carcass, dead body 


lasun 




n. 


garlic 


latanpatan 


HdH 1 ^ 


n. 


deceit, fraud 


lataramma 


<Hd<H 


adj. 


in bunches, in clusters 


lato 


<Hldl 


adj. 


dumb 


latti 


Hlifl 


n. 


kick 


launu 


\3 


v.t. 


to put on (clothes), to ware 


lauro 


<HKI 


n. 


stick 


lek 


$V$ 


n. 


hilly region, the higher 
slope of a mountain 


lekha 


W$ 


n. 


prose composition, writing, 
essay, article 


lekhak 


H^<* 


n. 


author, writer 


lekhinu 


hRsh 


v.i. 


to be written 


lekhnath paudyal 


<H<sHm' HI^M 


n. 


Lekh Nath Paudyal [a 
famous Nepali poet] 


lekhpadh 


H^Mci 


n. 


reading and writing, study 


leninvad 


<hPhh=ik 


n. 


Leninism 


licchavi 


p p 


n. 


Licchavi [an early ruling 
dynasty of the Kathmandu 
valley] 


licchavikal 


M-^H+M 


n. 


Licchavi era 


ligalige 


R-hiM 


n. 


uvula 


likhat 


fa<sld 

P P 


adj. 

i : 


written 


likhit 


wRsid 


adj. 


written 


lila 

i ■ i 


«JWll 


n. 


a play, amusement, 
diversion 


hlam 


M<-H 


n. 


auction 


limbu 




n. 


Limbu [a Nepali nationality] 


ling 


fa* 


n. 


gender [gram.] 


linu 


f^T 


v.t. 


to take, to acquire, to 




\3 




accept 


lipi 


frfa 


n. 


script, writing, handwriting 



77 



lobh 

lobhi 

logne 

lognemanche 

lognemanis 

lohota 

lok 

loktantra 

luga 

luga dhunu 

luga lagaunu 

luga launu 

luga phernu 

luga phukalnu 

luga phukaunu 

luknu 

Ivang 

lyaunu 

ma 

macan 

maccinu 

macha 

macha marnu 

madat dinu 

madhes 

madhya-din 

madhyakalin 

madhyam 

madhyamik yug 

madhyanha 

madhyarat 



Hl*d^ 



^RT 



^RT 



^RT 



^RT 



SRf 

^rtt^t 

M^cblH 



ttNrt 

^?T far 

^TTSJRT 
TTTSq-RR^ m 

wtr?" 



n. 
adj. 


greed, covetousness, 
temptation 

greedy, stingy, covetous 


n. 


husband [common] 


n. 


man, male person 


n. 


man, male person 


n. 


a small metal water-pot 


n. 
n. 


world, the three worlds 
[heaven, earth, hell], 
people 
democracy 


n. 


clothes, clothing 


v.t. 


wash clothes 


v.t. 


put on clothes 


v.t. 


put on clothes 


v.t. 


change clothes 


v.t. 


take off clothes 


v.t. 


take off clothes 


v.i. 


to hide 


n. 


clove 


v.t. 


to bring, to fetch 


postp. 


in, at, on, among 


n. 


stage 


v.i. 


to swing 


n. 


fish 


v.t. 


to fish 


v.t. 


to help, to assist 


n. 
n. 


the Tarai (the southern flat 
land along the Indian 
border) 

noon 


adj. 


mediaeval 


n. 


medium 


n. 


middle ages 


n. 


noon 


n. 


midnight 



78 



madhyavadhi nirvacan qw°ffcT Ph°IMH 
madhye ■^^^ 



mag 


HHI 


magaj 


H*M 


magar 


HMi 


magh 


HW 


magne 


*JIH 


magnu 


*JIH 


maha 


W 


mahadhiveshan 


Htflfel^M 


mahajan 


H$M<\ 


mahakavi 


H$\*?4 


mahal 


H$o\ 


mahango 


H$*\\ 


mahasul 




mahasus 




mahatta 


+4^x11 


mahattva 


H*T* 


mahattvakanksha 


H^tt=I =bi^l 


mahattvakankshi 


^£r=|cM$f) 


mahattvapurna 




mahila 


■hR;hi 


mahilo 


HlM 


mahima 


h?$h\ 


mahina 


^£Mi 


mahina 


hI?MI 


maida 




maidan 


*KH 


maiju 


nm 



n. 


mid-term elections 


postp. 


amongin the middle, at the 




centre, in between, within, 




inside 


n. 


demand, claim 


n. 


brain 


n. 


Magar [a Nepali nationality] 


n. 


tenth month of the Nepali 




year [January/February] 


n. 


beggar 


v.t. 


to ask for 


n. 


honey 


n. 


general assembly, general 




meeting 


n. 


moneylender, rich man, 




virtuous man 


n. 


great poet [a title for 




Bhanubhakta Acharya] 


n. 


palace 


adj. 


expensive 


n. 


cess, tax, rate, custom, 




octroi 


n./adj. 


feeling, experience, 




understanding 


n. 


greatness, magnitude, 




gravity, glory, importance 


n. 


greatness, magnitude, 




gravity, glory, importance 


n. 


high ambition, great desire 


adj. 


ambitious 



adj. 


superb, royal, regal, palmy 




magnanimous, generous 


n. 


woman 


n. 


second eldest [of brothers] 


n. 


exaltation 


n. 


month 


n. 


month 


n. 


fine flour 


n. 


an open field 


n. 


mother's brother's wife 



79 



mailo 




mailo 


H\$<4\ 


main batti 


*H elif] 


maina 





maiyan 

maja 

majako 

majha 

majhi 

majhnu 

makai 

makal 

malai man parcha 

malai man pardaina 

malai thah chaina 

malesiya 

malilo 

maltal 

mama 

man 

man aunu 
manadeva 

manahi 

manai 

mananiya 

manasib 






^TT 






^_ 



^re^r 



^MdM 



^T 3TT^T 



adj. dirty 

n. second eldest [of brothers] 

n. candle 

n. a name applied to several 

different sturnoid passerine 
birds of India and countries 
further east, belonging to 
the genera Acridotheres 
and Eulabes 

n. princess; a word used 

affectionately for 
addressing a daughter 

n. happiness, enjoyment, 

rejoicing 



adj. 


pleased, funny 


n. 


middle, centre 


n. 


Majhi [a Nepali nationality] 


v.t. 


to clean 


n. 


corn, maize 


n. 


a small moveable 




earthenware stove used for 




heating 


comp. 


1 like 


comp. 


1 don't like 


comp. 


1 don't know 


n. 


Malaysia 


adj. 


fertile, manured 


n. 


article, goods 


n. 


mother's brother 


n. 


mind, thought, mental 




state, heart, feeling 




to long, to wish 


n. 


Manadeva [name of 




several kings of the 




Licchavi era] 


n. 


prohibition, control 


n. 


prohibition, control 



adj. honorable, respectable, 

venerable 

adj. right, just, proper, 

reasonable, fit 



80 



manaunu 
manav 

manavshastra 
manbodhak 
mane 
mancari 

manche 

mandro 

mangal 

mangalvar 

mangga 

manglavar 
mangoliya 
mangsir 

mani 

manis 

mannu 

manoranjan 

manovigyan 

manovigyanik 

manparaunu 

mansthiti 

mantavya 

mantralaya 

mantri 

manyata 

mapdanda 
maramar 
marathi 
marg 



TO^T 



to^ff 

TOT 



^TO$ 

*TOT 

TOT 

TORR 

TO" 

TOPTR 

TOFPTT 
TOfk 

^TTFRT 



*TO" 
TOT^Ff 

TOT^T 

*M|«y|A| 

*f3t 

^Mdl 

TOPTR 

TO 



v.t. 


to celebrate 


n. 


mankind, man, human 




being 


n. 


anthropology 


adj. 


honorific [grammar] 


n. 


dais, raised platform, stage 


n. 


cluster of buds and flowers, 




flower bud 


n. 


man, person 


n. 


large bamboo or cane mat 


n. 


the planet Mars 


n. 


Tuesday 


n. 


demand, requirement, 




requisition 


n. 


Tuesday 




Mongolei 


n. 


eighth month of the Nepali 




year [November/December] 


adj. 


respectable, respectful 


n. 


man, person 


v.t. 


to respect, to worship, to 




accept, to observe 


n. 


amusement, entertainment, 




recreation 


n. 


psychology 


adj. 


psychological 


v.t. 


to like, to approve, to prefer 


n. 


mental state 


n. 


view, opinion, remark, note, 




comment 


n. 


ministery 


n. 


minister 


n. 


recognition, validity, 




accredition 


n. 


touchstone, standard 


n. 


fight 


n. 


Marathi 


n. 


eighth month of the Nepali 



year [November/December] 



81 



mane 

marka 

marnu 

masala 

masauda 

masi 

masino 

mast 
mastira 
masu 
mat 

matabhed 

matako 

matganana 

mathi 

mathlo tala 

matnu 

mato 

mato 

matoko sarvekshan 

matribhakta 

matribhasa 

matriprem 

maulik 

mauna 

mauri 

mausam 

mausimi 

mausuph 

maya 

maya garnu 
mece 



to 

mm 









WPJHT 
^T 

c 

*TTW<TT 

c 
c 

4i fa+ 






TO; 



n. 


black pepper 


n. 


loss, harm, damage 


v.t. 


to kill, to slaughter 


n. 


spices 


n. 


draft, rough copy 


n. 


ink 


adj. 
adj. 


fine, thin, mild, gentle, 
delicate 

drunk, intoxicated 


n./adv. 


above, up 


n. 


meat 


n. 
n. 


vote, opinion, voice, 
dogma, belief 

difference of opinion 


adj. 


earthen 


n. 


counting of votes 


postp. 


above 


n. 


upper floor 


v.i. 


to get drunk 


n. 
n. 


consultation, counsel, 
opinion 

earth, clay, soil 


n. 


soil survey 


n. 


a devotee of one's mother 


n. 


mother tongue 


n. 


mother love 


adj. 


original 


n. 


silence, taciturnity, mum 


n. 


bee, honeybee 


n. 


weather, season, monsoon 


adj. 


seasonal 


pron. 
n. 


personal address towards 
the king [royal honorific 
pronoun] 

love 


v.t. 


to love 


n. 


Meche [a Nepali nationality] 



82 



meghalaya 


JHtlMil 


mehanat 


^Hd 


mehel 


^*<H 


mel 


W 


meva 


3=11 


midiya 


ftrf^rr 


mihi 




mihinet 


R-lftMd 


mihineti 


Wl£Hdl 



milnu 

mirg 
misaunu 

misri 

mit 

mit lagaunu 

mithai 

mitho 

miti 

mohani 

mohi 

mohi parnu 

moja 

moren 

mosam 

motamoti 

motar 

motar haknu 






n. 


Meghalaya [a Northeast 




Indian state] 


n. 


industry, labour, hard work 


n. 


a fruit 


n. 


meeting, unity, concord, 




harmony, intimacy, 




friendship, union, alliance 


n. 


melon 


n. 


media 


adj. 


fine, fine spun, finely 




pulverized; soft, tender, 




smooth 


n. 


labour, industry, work, toil 


adj. 


industrious, hardworking, 



busy, active 

v.t. to reconcile, to resolve, to 

arbitrate, to bring about an 
agreement, to cause to 
join, to mix, to adjust, to 
solve, to balance 

v.i. to agree, to fit in, to mingle 

to mix up, to befit 



n. 


deer 


v.t. 
n. 


to mingle, to mix up 
together 

sugar candy, rockcandy 


n. 


friend (ritually concluded) 


v.t. 


to make friends (ritually) 


n. 


sweets 


adj. 


delicious, tasteful, tasty 


n. 


date, day, limit, time 


n. 


charm, enchantment 


n. 


buttermilk 


v.t. 


to make buttermilk 


n. 


socks, stocking, hose 


n. 


moraine 


n. 


orange 


adj. 


near about, approximately 


n. 


car 


v.t. 


to drive a car 



83 



motaunu 

moto 

mrig 

mrityu 

mrityuko danda 

mudda 

mudki 

mudra 

mudrak 

mudrakshar 

mudralaya 

mudran 

muhan 

muhar 
muhurta 









C \3 






muKam 




mukh 




mukh dhunu 
mukhyat 




\3 


mukta 




mukta garnu 




mul 




mula 
mulak 

mulatah 

mulayat 
mulsadak 






*Hd: 






muluk 
mulvasi 




+He||*n 



v.i. 


to get fat 


adj. 


fat 


n. 


deer 


n. 


death 


n. 


death penalty 


n. 


law-suite, case 


n. 


blow of a fist 


n. 


seal, coin, gesture 


n. 


printer 


n. 


printing type 


n. 


press, printing place 


n. 


act of printing 


n. 


source of a river or an 




irrigation canal 


n. 


facade 


n. 


a division of time (48 




minutes), auspicious 




moment, a moment, a 




while, a very short time 


n. 


halting place, halt, dwelling, 




place of residence, 




camping place 


n. 


mouth, face 



n. 


mouth, face 


v.t. 


wash and clean the face 


adv. 


chiefly, mainly, principally, 




primarily 


adj. 


liberated, released 


v.t. 


to free 


n. 


root, source, origin 


n. 


radish 


postp. 


based on, depending on, 



growing from, emanating 
from, originating from 

adv. basically, fundamentally, 

primarily, essentially 

adj. soft 

n. main road 

n. country, realm, kingdom 

n. native, original inhabitant 



84 



mulya 

mulyangkan 

muma 

munal 

mung 

muni 

muntira 

musaldhare 

muskaunu 

muskuraunu 

muso 

musoko dulo 

musuro 

muthi 

mutu 

mvain 

mvain khanu 

myaun garnu 

na 

nabbe 

nac 

nacnu 

nadi 

nagar 

nagarik 

nagarik shastra 

nagarpalika 

nai 

nain 
naitikta 
naito 
najar 






si 

\3 so 

r|GG] 



■^ 
^ 






n. 


cost, price, worth, value 


n. 


valuation, estimation 


n. 
n. 


mother [used by upper 
class only] 

a kind of bird from the 
mountains 


n. 


a kind of Lentils, mung 
bean 


postp. 


below, under 


postp. 


downwards, below, under 


adj. 


torrential, heavy 


v.i. 


to smile 


v.t. 


to smile 


n. 


mouse, rat 


n. 


mousehole 


n. 


a kind of lentils 


n. 


fist 


n. 


heart 


n. 


kiss 




to kiss 


v.t. 


to mew 


conj. 


neither, nor 


num. 


ninety, 90 


n. 


dance 


v.i. 


to dance 


n. 


river 


n. 


town, city 


adj. 


civil, urban, metropolitan 


n. 


civics, civic studies 


n. 


municipality, municipal 



committee 

part. a particle used after the 

word to give emphasis 

interj. no, negation 

n. morals, morality, ethics 

n. navel 

n. eye, vision, sight, look, 

glance 



85 



najarana 

najarana 

najayaj 

najik 

najitnu 

nak 

nakka pora 

nakkal 

naksha 

nalikhutto 

nam 

namak 

namasthanik 

namdar 

namkaran 

namkarma 

nam-namasi 

namnishan 

namyogi 

nanda 

nandebhai 

nang 

nangge 

nanggo 

nani 

napunsakling 

nara 

naram 

naramro 

nardan 

narendra 

naresh 

nari 



H*KHI 
H*KHI 

JTFRK 

^rmftriH 






n. 


gift, present 


n. 


gift, present, presentation 


adj. 


improper 


adj. 


near, close to, next to 


v.t. 


not to win 


n. 


nose 


n. 


nostrils 


n. 


copy, fashion 


n. 


pattern, map, plan, chart 


n. 


shin-bone 


n. 


name, noun 


adj. 


named, bearing the name 
of 


adj. 


independent from a noun 


adj. 


famous well known 


n. 


naming ceremony, baptism 


n. 


naming ceremony, baptism 


n. 


name and address 


adj. 


name, trace, mark; name 
and address 


n. 


postposition 


n. 


husband's younger sister 


n. 


husband's younger sister's 
husband 


n. 


nail 


adj. 


naked, uncovered 


adj. 


naked, uncovered 


n. 


baby 


n. 


neuter [grammar] 


n. 


slogan, striking word, 
phrase 


adj. 


soft, delicate, kind, gentle 


adj. 


bad, not good 


n. 


neck 


n. 


king 


n. 


king 


n. 


wrist, pulse 



86 



narival 

naso 

naspati 

nata 

natadar 

nati 

natija 

natini 

natishitosna 

nau 

naun 

naun caleka 

nauni 

navaun 

nayakatva 

nayan 

nebharo 

nepalganj 

nera 

neri 

neta 
netritva 
nevar 
nibandha 

nibhnu 

nibuva 
nico 

nidaunu 

nidhan 
nidhar 
nidho 



hk=m 

HldKK 



Si 

HMI<-HM 



c 

FfSTFT 

fasrrc 



n. 


coconut 


n. 


vein 


n. 


pear 


n. 


relationship, alliance 


n. 


relative 


n. 


grandson 


n. 


result, consequence 


n. 


granddaughter 


adj. 


temperate, moderate 


num. 


nine, 9 


n. 


name 


adj. 


well known, famous 


n. 


butter 


adj. 


ninth 


n. 


leadership, hegemony 


adj. 


new 


n. 


fig 


n. 


Nepalganj [a town in the 




western Tarai] 


adj. 


near, near by, close by, not 




far 


adj. 


near, near by, close by, not 




far 


n. 


leader, guide, chief 


n. 


leadership, guidance, lead 


n. 


Newar [a Nepali nationality] 


n. 


article, essay, dissertation, 




thesis, bond, fixation 


v.i. 


to go out, to be 




extinguished 


n. 


lemon 


adj. 


low, inferior, mean, 




worthless 


v.i. 


to go to sleep, to become 




numb 


n./adj. 


destruction, death, poor 


n. 


forehead 


n. 


confirmation, settlement, 




decision, final word, 



87 



nihsantan 

nihun 

niji kshetra 

nikai 

nikat 

nikaya 
niko 
nilo 
nimitta 

nimnalikhit 

nimti 
ninda 

nindan 
niptara 

nipun 

nir 

nira 

nirakaran 

nirakshar 
nirantar 

nirantarta 

niraparadh 

nirarthak 

nirdaya 

nirdayata 

nirdesh 



fa:*nrTPT 

Mr m 

fW 
%ft 

fate 

PHHp-lfeld 

PHHdKI 
% 

for 

Ph<i*< ( ji 

Ph<tk 

Pu-d<dl 

PH<h<ist 

Pn^di 

faf?T 





resolution 


adj. 


childless, without offspring 


n. 


excuse, pretence, pretext 


n. 


private sector 


adj. 


much 


adj. 


near, near by, close by, not 
far 


n. 


body, system 


adj. 


cured, well 


adj. 


blue 


n./postp. 


for, for the sake of, for the 



adj. 



cause of, cause, motive, 
account, reason 

undermentioned, following, 
mentioned below 



postp. 


for, for the sake of 


n. 


reflection, condemnation, 




slander, calumny, 




vilification, censure, blame 


n. 


vilification 


n. 


disposal, settlement, 




reconciliation, conclusion 


adj. 


dexterous, skilful, clever 


adj. 


indigo 


adj. 


near, near by, close by, not 




far 


n. 


abrogation, annulment, 




removal 


adj. 


illiterate 


adj. 


continuous, constant, 




incessant, ceaseless 


n. 


continuity, continuation 


adj. 


innocent, faultless, guiltless 


n. 


meaningless, vain, useless, 




fruitless, insignificant, 




worthless, futile 


adj. 


cruel, brutal, merciless, 




unkind 


n. 


cruelty, unkindness, 




severity, brutality 


n. 


instruction, order, indication 



88 



nirdeshak 
nirdeshan 




n. 
n. 


director (of an institute or 
center) 

instruction, order, indication 


nirman 




n. 
n. 

i : 


construction, creation, 
manufacture, formation, 
framing, act of building or 
making 


nirmata 


M-Hldl 


maker, producer, 
manufacturer, builder, 
creator 


nirmit 


Inrnd 


adj. 


made, formed, built, 
created 


nirnaya 




n. 

i : 


decision, resolution, 
discernment, 
ascertainment, 
determination 


nirogi 


M<Mll 


adj. 


healthy, in good health, not 
ill 

election 


nirvacan 


M=INH 


n. 


nis 


f% 


n. 


gneiss 


nisedh bhumi 




n. 


forbidden land 


nishcal 


Pr^-=)H 


adj. 


fixed, still, firm, motionless, 
immovable 


nishcaya 


fai^ 


n. 


sure knowledge, resolution, 
determination, confidence 


nishcit 


ftfrera- 


adj. 


sure, unfailing, without 
doubt 


nishcit 
sankhyabodhak 

i -^ — j.— i 


ftfHd ^MKfST^ 


n. 
adj. 


definitive numeral 

J.I _ — 1 _ £. _ £. 


niskantak 

■ _ 




thornless, free from 
troubles 


niskanu 


HW»H 

V3 


v.i. 


to come out, to appear 


nisto 


Ph^i 


adj. 


plain, bland 


nitamba 


MdH 


n. 


hip 


niti 


m 


n. 


policy, morality, manners 


niun 


f^ 


n. 


pretext, excuse 

prevention, preclusion, 
redress, deterrence, 
determent 


nivaran 


fa«ll< u l 


n. 


nivas 


Pn=im 


n. 
n. 


home, residence, abode, 
dwelling 


nivasi 


M«ii*n 


inhabitant, resident, inmate, 
native 


niyam 


Ph-m-h 


n. 


rule, usage, regulation, 



89 



niyantran 
niyati 

niyukta 

niyukti 
niyutta 

nokar 

nuhaune kotha 

nuhaunu 

nun 

nunilo 

nyauh 

nyaya 

nyayadhish 

nyayadhish 

nyayalaya 

nyayapalika 

nyuntam 

ochyan 

ochyaunu 
odhan 






Hptl^H TOT 




3Jt^q I^M 
3TTSfR 



n. 


control, restraint 


n. 


fate, luck, fortune, destiny, 
predestination 


adj. 


appointed, wmployed, 
posted 


n. 


appointment, employment 


adj. 


appointed, engaged, 
employed, devoted, 
nominated, assigned 


n. 


servant 


n. 


bathroom 


v.t. 


take a bath 


n. 


salt 


adj. 


salty 


n. 


mongoose 


n. 


justice, equity, logic, reason 


n. 


judge, justice 


n. 


judge, justice 


n. 


court of justice 


n. 


judiciary 


adj. 


minimum, minimal 



v.t. 



bed, bedding, sleeping-mat, 
quilt 

to spread bedding, to 
spread a rug.to spread a 
mat 

three-legged iron stand for 
putting a cooking vessel 
over a fire 



odhaunu 


\3 


v.t. 


to cover up sombody else 


odhne 


«jfl(^ 


n. 


blanket, bedcover, bedroll 


odhnu 


<Hl<3M 


v.i./v.t. 


to cover oneself up; to 








wrap, to cover 


ogatnu 


£\*\M 


v.t. 


to occupy, to reserve, to 








hinder 


ohar dohar 


*U$< *\$< 


n. 


the act of coming and going 


ohor dohor 


«jfl$H t\$\< 


n. 


the act of coming and going 


ohralnu 


cHl^lH 


v.t. 


to cause to descend 


oilaunu 


djl$«HWH 


v.i. 


to wither, to fade 



90 



oilinu 

oiranu 

oiraunu 

oirini 

oirinu 

ojhel 

okatnu 

okhar 

okhati 

orlanu 

orlinu 

osarinu 

osarnu 

oth 

pacadi 

pacas 

pacasi 

pacchim 

paccis 

pachadi 

pachattar 

pachaute 

pachi 

pachi hatnu 

pachi janu 

pachi sarnu 

pachillo 

pachipachi 

pacpanna 

pad 

padadhikari 

padartha 



3Tt^7T 

SO 




3TRTR 



v.t. to be withered 

v.i. to drop, to fall headlong 

v.t. to cause to drop, to cause 

to fall [in large quantity] 

v.i. to drop, to fall [in large 

quantity] 



V.I. 

adj. 


to flow continually 
hidden, screened off 


v.t. 


to occupy, to reserve, to 




hinder 


n. 


walnut 


n. 


medicine 


v.i. 


to comedown, to descend 


v.i. 


to comedown, to descend 


v.i. 


to be moved from one 




place to another 


v.t. 


to move something from 




one place to another 


n. 


lip, lips 


postp. 


behind 


num. 


fifty, 50 


num. 


eighty-five, 85 


n. 


west 


num. 


twenty-five, 25 


postp. 


behind, later, in the back 


num. 


seventy-five, 75 


adj. 


late, hinder, backward 


postp. 


behind, later, in the back 


v.i. 


to move back 


v.i. 


to follow 


v.i. 


to step back, to step down 


adj. 


last, hindermost, back, rear 


adv. 


immediately after, next 


num. 


fifty-five, 55 


n. 


foot, step, foot-step, word 


n. 


official, officer, authority 


n. 


meaning of a word, matter 



91 



padarthavacak nam 


HdmoiNcb HH 


padavi 


^ 


padhai 


^f? 


padhaunu 


*\ *\ *\ 


padhelekheka 


M^H^cM 


padhnu 


^\0 


padina 


H^HI 


pagal 


^TTTM 


pagalkhana 


HHM<s|HI 


pagalnu 


4<IM 


paglanu 




pahad 


M£l^! 


pahadi pradesh 


m£i4i y ^ ^ i 


pahenlo 


M£HI 


pahican 


hPemh 


pahilo 


mR;hi 


pahiran 


mRhh 


pahuna 




painsatthi 


M*i <i£\ 


paintalis 


Mdl<^ 


paintis 


H\fl*l 


paitalo 


MdMI 


pajani 


W^ft 



pakaunu 




pakeko 


Mlcbcbl 


paket 


Mcbd 


pakhala 


WMT 


pakhalnu 




pakheta 


W£T 



n. 


objective term 


n. 


title, designation; post, rank 


n. 


study, method of reading or 




teaching 


v.t. 


to teach 


adj. 


educated, able to read and 




write 


v.t. 


to lear, to read, to study 


n. 


mint 


n. 


a mad man 


n. 


mad-house 


v.t. 


to melt 


v.i. 


to melt 


n. 


mountain, hill 


n. 


hilly region 


adj. 


yellow 


n. 


recognition, acquaintance, 




identity 


adj. 


first 


n. 


costume, suit, dress, 




clothes, garments 


n. 


visitor, guest 


num. 


sixty-five, 65 


num. 


forty-five, 45 


num. 


thirty-five, 35 


n. 


sole 


n. 


arrangement, setting in 




order, overhauling [the 




annual festival during which 




appointments of 




government officials were 




renewed for the ensuing 




year] 


v.t. 


to cook 



adj. 


ripe, cooked, mature 


n. 


pocket 


n. 


diarrhoea 


v.t. 


to rinse 


n. 


wing 



92 



pakhura 




pakka 


44+1 


pakka garnu 


\3 


pakku 


M4cb 


paknu 




pako 


m+l 


pakranu 


\3 


pakrau 


4*l>d 


paksha 


^5T 


palnu 


W^ 



palpa 

paltan 

palunggo 

pan 

pana 

panati 

pane 

pane patra 

pancanabbe 

pancangga 

pancaun 
pancayat 

panchaunu 

pandhra 

pani 

pani 

pani ... pani 

pani pareka vela 



<TPT 



TTSfT 



M^I^M 



n. 


arm 


adj. 
v.t. 


1. certain, sure, true; durable, 
strong; careful 

to confirm to make sure 


n. 


meat fried in butter 


v.i. 


to be ripe, to ripen, to be 
cooked 


adj. 


aged, experienced 


v.t. 


to catch, to hold, to arrest, 
to capture, to seize, to 
catch on, to understand 


n. 


capture, arrest, seizure 


n. 


wing, part, party 


v.t. 

n. 
n. 


to take care of, to raise, to 
bring up, to nourish, to 
keep, to tame 

Palpa [former mini-state, 
currently a district of Nepal] 

regiment, batallion 


n. 


spinach 


n. 


the leaf of the betal nut 
eaten with areca nut and 
lime 


n. 


leaf (of a book) 


n. 


great-grandson 


num. 


five, 5 


adj. 


fivefold 



num. ninety-five, 95 

n. almanac (of Hindu 

astrology) 

adj. fifth 

n. village assembly to decide 

disputes, an assembly of 
elected representatives 

v.t. to evade, to push aside 

num. fifteen, 15 

adv. also, too, even 

n. water, rain 

adv. as well as 

comp. when it rains 



93 



pani parnu 




paniun 


d^j 


panjaa 


LM| 


panjika 


t#^ft 


pankha 


WT 


pantha 


^*T 


panthi 


^sft 


pap 


TT^T 


papi 


^ft 


par 


<TTT 



para 

paraghaun 
parajaya 
pa raj it 

pa raj it 
parakram 

parakrami 

pa ram 

paramdham 

paramgati 
parampad 
parampara 

paramparagat 
paramparik 
parampita 
parantu 

parapacuke 



<TT 



WW 



W^nft 

wft% 

WW 
H<J-H<Mld 

WTta 



v.t. to rain 

n. a flat spoon used for ladling 

out rice 
n. a combination of five 

fingers, gloves, covering of 

the hands 

n. register, list, calender 

n. wing, feather; fan 

n. path, sect, religious order 

n. traveller, sectarian 

n. sin 

adj. sinful, profligate, criminal 

n. end, other side, limit, 

accomplishment, 
renunciation, release, relief, 
deliverance, liberation 

adv. aside, separate, beyond, 

further 



Wrf 



adv. 


after two years 


n. 


defeat 


adj. 


defeated, vanquished, 




overthrown 


adj. 


defeated, overthrown 


n. 


power, strength, valour, 




prowess 


adj. 


heroic, gallant, valiant, 




brave 


adj. 


best, supreme, uttermost, 




extreme 


n. 


heaven, paradise, the next 




world; death, demise 


n. 


liberation, salvation 


n. 


liberation, salvation 


n. 


sequence, succession, 




order 


adj. 


tradional 


adj. 


traditional, hereditary 


n. 


the creator of all, God 


n./adv. 


but, inspite, however, still, 



n. 



the remaining life, end 

divorce, dissolution of 
marriage 



94 



parar 
pararastra 






pararastra mantralaya T^J 1 ^ T^fFR 
pararastra mantri MT^F 5 ? Tp^t 

pararastriya MUI^^I 



paraspar 

parca 
parda 

pardabhitrai 

pardesh 

pardesh lagnu 

parela 

pareva 

pari 



par 

par 
par 
par 

par 

par 
par 
par 
par 
par 

par 

par 

par 
par 

par 



bhasa 

calan 

caya 

cched 

ksha 

kshan 

manbodhak 

nam 

namsvarup 

nati 

pati 

purti 
sad 

shist 



TOTT 



<T?tM 
TO3T 
TO3T ^T^T 

TOT 
<Trft 







adv. 


two years ago 


n. 


foreign county, another 
country 


n. 


foreign ministry 


n. 


foreign minister 


adj. 


foreign, alien, related to 
another nation 


adj. 


mutually, reciprocal, one 
another 


n. 


leaflet, settlement record 


n. 


curtain, screen, veil, 
partition 


comp. 


secretly 


adv. 


abroad 




to go abroad 


n. 


eyelash 


n. 


pigeon, young dove 


n. 


the other side [of the shore 
or boundary] 


n. 


the other side [of the shore 
or boundary] 


n. 


definition, terminology 


n. 


mobilization 


n. 


acquaintance, intimacy, 
familiarity 


n. 


part, division, section of a 
book, chapter, paragraph 


n. 


examination, investigation 


n. 


examination, investigation 


adj. 


quantitative [grammar] 


n. 


result, consequence 


conj. 


as a result of, with the 
result of, consequently 


n. 


transformation, culmination, 
form 


n. 


tradition, method, mode, 
arrangement, order 


n. 


perfection, completion 


n. 


assembly, council, senate, 



n. 



committee 
appendix, supplement 



95 



parishrami 

paristhiti 

parit 

parityag 

parivar 

parivartan 

pariyojana 

parkhal 

parkhanu 

parkhinu 

parnu 

parnu 

paro 
parsi 
parti 
parti kendriya kamiti 

parva 









parvat T^f 

paryanta WtT 

paryatak n4d+ 
paryatakharuko svarg H4d+^cht ^FT 

paryatan H4dH 

pasal t^^t 

pasale *m% 



pashcim 
pashupalan 
pashupati 
pasina 






adj. laborious, industrious, 

painstaking, hardworking, 
diligent 

n. circumstances, situation, 

condition, surrounding, 
environment 

adj. resolved, decided, 

concluded, passed (of a 
motion, bill, etc.) 

n. abandonment, abdication 

n. family 

n. change, exchange 

n. project 

n. wall 

v.t. to wait, to have patience 

v.t. to wait, to have patience 

v.i. to happen, to occur, to fall, 

to ignite 

v.t. to put in, to lay, to ignite, to 

cause, to make 

n. mercury 

adv. the day after tomorrow 

n. party 

n. central committee of a 

party 

n. festival, holiday, fete, 

chapter, section, portion, 
canto 

n. hill, mountain, rock 

postp. till, until, unto, up to 

n. traveller, wanderer, tourist 

n. tourist paradise 

n. touring, tourism 

n. shop, warehouse, booth 

n. shopkeeper, merchant, 

vendor 

n. west 

n. animal husbandry 

n. Pashupati 

n. sweat 



96 



paskanu 
pasnu 

pata 

patak 
patalo 
patan 
patan 
patan 

patani 

path 

path 

pathaunu 

pathi 

patho 

pathshala 

pathshalaya 

pati 

patit 

patni 

patra 

patrakar 

patre cattan 

patrika 

patta 

patthar 

patti 

patti 

pattyaunu 

pau 

paune 

paunu 



TrTT 
H^I^M 



v.t. 


to serve [food] 


v.t. 


to enter, to go in, to come 
in 


n. 


jute, hessian, silk, silk 
threat 


n. 


times, occasion 


adj. 


thin 


n. 


packing, package 


n. 


fall, downfall, degradation 


n. 


Lalitpur, Patan [a 
neighbouring town of 
Kathmandu] 


n. 


irrigation 


n. 


lesson, reading, recital 


n. 


path, course 


v.t. 


to send, to despatch 


n. 


lamb [female] 


n. 


lamb [male] 


n. 


school, seminary 


n. 
n. 


school, college, academy, 
seminary 

husband 


adj. 


fallen, degraded, outcaste 


n. 


wife, better half, married 
woman 


n. 


page 


n. 


journalist 


n. 


sedimentary rock 


n. 


magazine, journal 


n. 


leaf, foliage, address 


n. 


stone 


n. 


bandage 


n. 


side 


v.t. 


to plait, to fold 


n. 


a quarter 


adj. 


a quarter to 



v.t. 



to get, to obtain, to receive, 
to bear, to beget, to 



97 



produce 



pauranik 


HKIM + 


adj. 


legendary 


pauranu 




v.i. 


swim 


pauri 


<?ffi 


n. 


swimming 


pauri khelnu 




v.t. 


swim 


pauroti 


HWfldl 


n. 


bread 


paus 


<fK 


n. 


ninth month of the Nepali 
year (December/January) 


paustik 


fff^F 


n. 


nutrition 


pesh 


T3T 


postp. 


in front of, before 


pesha 


W 


n. 


occupation 


pesta 


M*dl 


n. 


pestachio nut 


pet 


TC 


n. 


stomach 


peti 


^ 


n. 


belt, casket, small box, 
small chest, girdle 


phagun 


M^HH 


n. 


eleventh month of the 




r 




Nepali year 
(February/March) 


phaida 


4^1 


n. 


advantage 


phailanu 




v.i. 


to spread, to be scattered 


phailanu 




v.i. 


to spread, to be scattered 


phailinu 


\3 


v.i. 


to spread, to be scattered 


phaisala 


<?>*WI 


n. 


decision, judgement, 
settlement, adjudication 


phalam 


4-nm 


n. 


iron 


phalgun 


i+)HI"J| 


n. 


eleventh month of the 




\D 




Nepali year 
(February/March) 


phalnu 




v.t. 


to throw away 


phalnu 


^H 


v.i. 


to bear fruits; to cleanse, to 




"O 




husk 


phalphul 




n. 


fruits and flowers 


phalphul kheti 




n. 


horticulture 


phalsvarup 


^x-IW^H 


postp. 


as a result of 


phansi 


^Wl 


n. 


execution by hanging, 
noose 


phapar 


*m< 


n. 


buckwheat 


pharak 


M^<* 


n. 


difference, separation, 
being apart 


pharakilo 


4-HliVll 


adj. 


spacious, roomy, extensive 



98 



pharar 


^JR 


n. 


absconding, fled 


pharkanu 




v.i. 


to return, to come back 


pharsi 


Wf 


n. 


large yellow pumpkin 


phastaunu 




V.I. 


to develop, to become fat 


phatyangro 


^d^llfl 


n. 


cricket, grasshopper 


pherabadal 


*M«K<H 


n. 


change, modification 


pheri 


$fc 


adv. 


again, once more, once 
again 


phesan 




n. 


facion 


phijinu 


l^-bMH 

\3 


v.i. 


to spread 


phikri garnu 




v.t. 


to be worried 


phila 


RbHI 


n. 


thigh 


philipins 




n. 


Philippinen 


phohor 


WSK 


adj. 


dirty, foul, filthy, obscene 


phokso 




n. 


lungs 


phranseli 


^M4l 


adj. 


French 


phul 




n. 


flower 


phul 


w 

o 


n. 


egg 


phulbari 




n. 


flower garden 


phuleko kesh 






grey hair 


phulkopi 




n. 


cauliflower 


phupaju 




n. 


father's sister's husband 


phupu 




n. 


father's sister 


phurtilo 


\3 


adj. 


smart 


phusro 




adj. 


grey, grizzled 


phutbal khelnu 




v.t. 


to play football 


phyanknu 




v.t. 


to throw away 


phyauro 


4^1 <KI 


n. 


fox 


pidit 


OllSd 


adj. 


afflicted, tortured, 
distressed, oppressed 


pindalu 




n. 


a kind of root 


pindulo 


\3 


n. 


calf of the leg 


ping 


^ 


n. 


swing 


pir 


4k 


n. 


worry, anxiety, distress, 
mental trouble, punishment 



99 



pira 
piralnu 

piro 
pirolnu 

pita 

pithiun 

pitho 

pitho 

pittal 

pohor 

poi 

poila 

poila janu 
pokhari 
poleko masu 
pothi mujur 
potnu 

poto 
prabandhak 

prabhat 
prabhav 

prabhavashali 
pracalan 

pracalit 

pracar 

pracarit 



to 

ma 

% 



^TTRcT 



n. 


floor seat [of straw or wood] 


v.i./v.t. 


to torment, to afflict, to 
distress, to tease 


adj. 


hot [in taste] 


v.t. 


to torment, to afflict, to 
distress, to tease 


n. 


father [Sanskritized] 


n. 


back 


n. 


flour, powder 


n. 


flour 


n. 


brass 


adv. 


last year 


n. 


husband [rural] 


n. 


running away with a man 
without formal marriage 


comp. 


run away with a man 


n. 


pond, lake, reservoir 


n. 


barbecued meat 


n. 


peahen 


v.t. 


smear with red clay, paint 
the floor wall, whitewash 


n. 


a smearing rag 


n. 
n. 


manager, writer of an 
essay 

daybreak, dawn 


n. 


influence, effect, power, 
strength, authority, 
dominance 


adj. 


powerful, strong, radiant 


n. 
adj. 

n. 


prevalence, custom, usage, 
currency, movement 

prevalent, current, 
customary, in practice, , in 
vogue, recognised 

publicity, publication, 
usage, advertisement, 
announcement 


adj. 


propagated, publicised, 
circulated, made current, 
made prevalent, given 
currency 



100 



pracin 

pracinta 

pradesh 

pradeshik 
pradhanmantri 
pradhannyayadhish 
pradhyapak 

pradurbhav 

pradusan 

pragati 

pragatishil 

prahari 

praja 

prajatantra 
prajatantrik 
prakar 
prakash 

prakashak 

prakashan 

prakashit 

prakashkiya 

prakhyat 

prakriti 
prakritik 
prakritik gyas 
prakritik vanaspati 
prakriya 

praman 

pramanik 

pramanik 



Srr#T?TT 






WTRT 

c 
c 
c 
c 



^nf^F 



adj. 


ancient, old, antique, aged 


n. 


antiquity, ancientness 


n. 


province, region, realm, 




country, territory, state 


adj. 


regional 


n. 


Prime Minister 


n. 


Chief Justice 


n. 


college teacher, lecturer, 




professor 


n. 


appearance, manifestation; 




serious or terrible outbreak; 




birth, prevalence 


n. 


pollution 


n. 


progress, advancement 


adj. 


progressive, modern 


n. 


police 


n. 


subject, tenant, people, 




progeny 


n. 


democracy 


adj. 


democratic 


n. 


kind, way, sort 


n. 


light, manifestation, 




publication 


n. 


publisher 


n. 


publication, publishing 


adj. 


published 


adj. 


related to the publisher 


adj. 


renowned, famous, 




celebrated, noted 


n. 


nature, talent 


adj. 


natural, physical, material 


n. 


natural gas 


n. 


natural vegetation 


n. 


process, procedure, 




manner, method, technique 


n. 


proof, testimony, evidence, 




attestation, ascertainment 


adj. 


factual, true, genuine, 




authoritative 


adj. 


factual, true, genuine, 



101 



pramanit 
pramanpatra 

pramukh 

pranali 

pranta 

prapta 

prapti 

prarambha 

prarthana 
prarthana garnu 
prasanga 

prasar 

prashangsa 

prashasan 
prashasta 

prashna 

prashnarthak 
sarvanam 

prashnavali 
prasiddha 

prastav 

prastavana 

prastut 

pratam purusvacak 

pratha 



STR"FTT5| 



TOR 











authoritative 


adj. 


certified 


n. 


certificate, testimonial, 




permit 


n. 


principal, chief, head 


n. 


method, mode, way 


n. 


border, end, extremity, 




province 


adj. 


obtained, received, 




acquired 


n. 


receipt, procuration, 




acquisition, income, profit 


n. 


beginning, commencement, 




inception, initiation, starting 




point 


n. 


prayer, petition, request 


v.t. 


tp pray, to request 


n. 


relation, connection, 




association, discussion, 




narration, context 


n. 


width, expansion, extent, 




spreading, spread, diffusion 


n. 


praise, appreciation, 




applause, laudation, eulogy 


n. 


administration 


adj. 


abundant, sufficient, 




enough 


n. 


question 


n. 


interrogative pronoun 


n. 


questionnaire 


adj. 


famous, renowned, 




glorious, illustrious, 




celebrated 


n. 


proposal, suggestion; 




preface, foreword, 




preamble 


n. 


introduction, prologue, 




preface, foreword 


adj. 


presented, submitted 


n. 


first person [grammar] 


n. 


usage, practice, custom, 



rule, fashion, method, 



102 



pra 
pra 
pra 
pra 

pra 

pra 
pra 

pra 

pra 
pra 
pra 
pra 
pra 
pra 
pra 
pra 
pra 
pra 

pra 

pra 

pra 
pra 

pra 
pra 
pra 
pra 



ham 

ham purus 
hamikta 
i 

ibaddha 

ibaddhata 
ibandhit 

ibha 

ibimba 

ibimbit 

igama 

ik 

ikar 

ikatmak 

ikriya 

iksha 

inidhi 

inidhitva 

ipaksha 

ipakshi 

ishat 
ishodh 

isparddha 
ivedan 
iyogita 
yek 



pravacan 



pravesh 



ym wr 

srfcT 

yfMPidi 

W3T 





system 


adj. 


first, best, primitive 


n. 


first person [ling.] 


n. 


priority, precedence 


postp. 


towards, near to, against, in 
opposition to 


adj. 


restricted, banned, 
conditioned, committed 


n. 


commitment 


adj. 


restricted, banned, 
conditioned 


n. 


genius, intellect, wit, 
intelligence, brilliance 


n. 


reflection, image, shadow 


adj. 


reflected 


adj. 


retrogressive 


n. 


symbol, fetish 


n. 


retaliation, revenge 


adj. 


symbolic, allegorical 


n. 


reaction 


n. 


expectation 


n. 


representative, substitute 


n. 


representation, deputation, 
delegacy 


n. 


opposition, rival side, 
hostile camp, contesting 
party 


n. 


opponent, rival, contestant, 
contralateral 


n. 


percent percentage 


n. 


revenge, vengeance, 
retaliation, vendetta, blood 
feud 


n. 


rivalry, contest, competition 


n. 


report, representation 


n. 


rivalry, competition, hostility 


adj. 


every, everyone 


n. 


commentary, elucidation, 
explanation 


n. 


entry, admission, access, 



103 



pravidhi 
pravidhigya 
pravriti 
pravritti 

prayah 



pret 



c 

SRfrT 

c 



prayas 


^TRT 


prayatna 


W^ 


prayog 


#T 



w 



n. 


technique 


n. 


technician 


n. 


trend 


n. 


inclination of mind, 




tendency 


adv. 


almost, nearly, often, 




generally 


n. 


effort, attempt, endeavour 


n. 


effort, attempt, endeavour 


n. 


use, application, action, 




effort, usage, example, 




performance 


n. 


dead, deceased, spirit of 




the dead, evil spirit, ghost; 




a very greedy person 


n. 


basis 



pristhabhumi 


C C\ 


n. 


basis 


prithvi 


c 


n. 


earth 


priya 


far 


adj. 


dear, lovely, beloved 


pucchar 


M^K 


n. 


tail 


pugnu 


NO NO 


v.i. 


to arrive at, to reach, to be 
fulfilled, to be sufficient 


puja garnu 


C\ NO 


v.t. 


to worship, to adore 


puja kotha 


4*11 +161 

r 


n. 


prayer room, worshipping 
room 


punargathan 


MH^IiH 

NO 


n. 


reorganization, recasting 


punarjivit 


m4ir=id 

rsr r 


adj. 


revived, risen from the 
dead 


punarnirman 


NO 




reconstruction 


punarvalikan 


mh<=i41+h 

NO 

r 


n. 


revision, retrospect, review 


punarvas 


NO 


n. 


rehabilitation 


puniun 


V3 


n. 


a flat spoon used for ladling 
out rice 


punling 


f«1 


n. 


male [grammar] 


pura 




adj. 


full, complete, entire, gross, 
whole 


purano 


M<MI 

N3 


adj. 


old, ancient 


purashcaran 
purashcarya 


N3 
N3 


n. 
n. 


repeating the name of a 
deity 

repeating the name of a 
deity 



104 



puraiaiva 


M<ldc=l 

M> 


puri 


\3 


purkha 




purna 




purnatah 


MUM: 

r 


purnataya 




purnima 


T Tf^FTT 


purohit 


4<lfed 


purusartha 


r 


purusvacak sarvanam 




purvadhar 
purvagraha 


WSfR 

r 




purvak 


Mc|cb 


purvi 




purviya 


44kl 


purviya 


r 


puryaunu 





pus 



w 



pusta 


Mi 


pustakalaya 




pusti 


#5 

\3 


putali 


Mi 


pval 


^M 


pyaj 


^RT 


pyaro 


^RT 


pyau 


^W 


racak 


<^=b 


racana 


<-=HI 


racanatmak 


i^HlcH* 


racayita 


<^Rldl 



n. 


archaeology 


n. 


bread cooked in butter 


n. 


ancestor, forefather 


adj. 


perfect, full, complete, 




whole, accomplished, 




sufficient, detailed 


adv. 


completely, fully, perfectly, 




totally 


adj. 


completely, totally, fully, 




entirely 


n. 


full moon day 


n. 


family priest 


n. 


manly achievement, 




energy, vigour, valour 


n. 


personal pronoun 


n. 


infrastructure 


n. 


prejudice 


suff. 


together, with 


adj. 


eastern, eastern quarter 


adj. 


eastern 


adj. 


eastern 


v.t. 


to exort, to lead, to fulfil a 




wish 


n. 


ninth month of the Nepali 




year (December/January) 


n. 


generation, succession 


n. 


library 


n. 


nourishment, nutrition 


n. 


butterfly 


n. 


hole, opening 


n. 


onion 


adj. 


loving, dear, beloved, 




lovely, pleasant 


n. 


mushroom 


n. 


author, writer, maker 


n. 


composition, production, 




creation, formation 


adj. 


creative, constructive 



composer, writer, author, 



105 



racit 



radhi 
ragat 

ragat aunu 
rahanu 

rahar 

rahasyamaya 

rahasyamaya 
dhangabata 

rah at 

rai 

raithane 

raiti 

raja 

rajaharuma 

rajasva 

rajdarbar 

rajdhani 

rajdut 

rajdutavas 

rajhans 

rajhans 

raji 

rajikhushi 

rajinama 
rajkaj 

rajkaji 

rajkanya 
rajkarya 

rajkumar 



TTcSt 



r 

^ i. 

<MI£*HI 

<M«WII 
<M+l4 



adj. 



n. 
n. 



maker 

composed, made, formed, 
manufactured, compiled, 
constructed, built, invented, 
fabricated 

coarse wollen rug 

blood 

to bleed 



v.i. 


to remain, to dwell, to 
inhabit 


n. 


a kind of lentils 


adj. 


mysterious, secret, hidden 


adv. 


in a mysterious way 


n. 


comfort, relief 


n. 


Rai [a Nepali nationality] 


n. 


local inhabitant, aboriginee 


n. 


tenant, leaseholder, farmer 


n. 


king, ruler, sovereign 


comp. 


among kings 


n. 


revenue, royalty 


n. 


the king's palace 


n. 


capital 


n. 


ambassador 


n. 


embassy 


n. 


swan 


n. 


swan 


adj. 


willing, pleased, desirous, 
content, complacent 


n. 


willingness, acceptance 
with much pleasure 


n. 


agreement, compromise 


n. 


government work, 
administration 



adj. relating to government, 

relating to administration 

n. princess 

n. public affair, affairs of state, 

governance 

n. prince 



106 



rajkumari 
rajnaitik 



rajnaitik gatividhi 

rajniti 

rajnitigya 

rajnitik 

rajnitik labh 

rajparisad 

rajprasad 

rajtantra 

rajvanshi 

rajya 
rajyadhikar 

rajyavati 

rakhnu 

raksha 

raksi 

raktapatpurna 

rakumari 

ramailo 

ramaunu 

ramnu 

ramro 
rang 

rangamanc 
rangaunu 

rangicangi 

rangin 

rango 



<MdTd* 

<MdTd* TTfdMT 
TRrftfd" 

<MdTd* 
<MdTd* ^rm 
<MMp0K 

<Md^l 



<M=ld1 

<4dMldM t J| 
WW 

TT¥t 
TFTT 



n. 


princess 


adj. 


political 




political movement 


n. 


politics, political science 


n. 


politician 


adj. 


political 


n. 


political importance 


n. 


council of state 


n. 


palace 


n. 


monarchy, monarchical 
system of government 


n. 


Rajvanshi [a Nepali 
nationality] 


n. 


kingdom, state, territory 


n. 


power of the state, jura 




regia 


n. 


Rajyavati [mother of 
Licchavi king Manadeva 1] 


v.t. 


to keep, to protect, to hold 


n. 


defence, protection, guard 


n. 


alcoholic drink 


adj. 


bloody 


n. 


princess 


adj. 


pleasant 


v.i. 


to be pleased, to feel 
happy, to feel delighted, to 
be glad 


v.i. 


to be pleased, to feel 
happy, to feel delighted, to 
be glad 


adj. 


good, beautiful 


n. 


colour 


n. 


stage 


v.t. 


to colour, to paint, to dye, 
to tint 


adj. 


multi-coloured 


adj. 


coloured 


n. 


water buffalo [male] 



107 



rani 

ranniti 

rap 

ras 
rasiya 
rastra 
rastrabhasa 

rastra nayak 
rastravad 
rastravadi 
rastriya 

rastriya jagaran 
rastriya rastra 
rastriyata 
rat 

rat 

rat parcha 

rati 

rato 

rato mato 

raun 

ravivar 

rayako sag 

rel 

rica 

rihai 

rijha 

rina 
rini 
ris 
risaeko 



TPft 
TFT 

<l^d=ll<{1 

<lftiA|dl 

Tra- 
iler ^ 
TT% 
TRTt 
TRTt TTT3T 

<p=i=ik 

km 



far 



n. 


queen 


n. 


strategy 


n. 


heat of the sun, heat of the 
fire 


n. 


juice, broth 


n. 


Russia 


n. 


nation 


n. 
n. 


national language, 
language of the nation 

head of state 


n. 


nationalism 


n./adj. 


a nationalist, nationalistic 


adj. 


national 




national awakening 




nation-state 


n. 


nationality, nationalism 


postp. 


engaged in, employed in, 
devoted to, absorbed in, 
addicted to 


n. 


night 




it's getting dark 


adv. 


at night 


adj. 


red 


n. 


red clay to paint the wall 


n. 


hair of the body 


n. 


Sunday 


n. 


mustard greens [large] 


n. 


rail 


n. 


verse, hymn 


n. 
n. 


release, acquittal, 
deliverance, discharge, 
setting free 

gladness, happiness, 
contentment 


n. 


debt, loan, due, obligation 


n./adj. 


debtor, indebted 


n. 


anger, wrath, irritation 


adj. 


angry 



108 



rog 

rogi 
rojgar 

rok 

rokinu 

roknu 

roti 

ruci 

rugha 

rugna 

runa man lagnu 

runu 

rup 

rupantar 



nsaunu 




risi 


^#T 


riti-thiti 




rittinu 


\5 


ritto 


fait 


ritu 


WZ 


rodh 


ftsr 



w\ 



<I*HIK 









^Mkd< 



rupi 


Mi 


rupiyan 


#raf 


ruvanda 


wi^i 


ruvaunu 




saba 


^r 



v.i. to be angry, to get irritated 

n. sage, saint, wise ascetic 

n. social customs 

v.i. to be emptied 

adj. empty, hollow 

n. season of the year 

n. onbstruction, obstacle, 

hindrance 

n. sickness, disease, illness, 

ailment 

n. sick person 

n. business, trade, 

employment, profession, 
occupation 

n. prohibition, restriction, 

interdict 



v.i. 


to be stopped, to be 




hindered 


v.t. 


to prohibit, to obstruct, to 




hinder, to prevent, to stop 


n. 


bread [made of flour and 




water without yeast] 


n. 


interest, liking, taste 


n. 


cold, catarrh, chill 


adj. 


ill, sick, unwell, indisposed, 




motbid, diseased 




to feel like to wep 


v.i. 


to weep, to cry 


n. 


countenance, look, form, 




shape, aspect, beauty, 




guise, semblance, 




appearance 


n. 


transformation, transition, 




change of form, 




metamorphosis, translation, 




conversion 


postp. 


having the form of, having 




the shape of 


n. 


Rupee 


n. 


Ruanda 



v.i. to cause to weep 

adj. all, everything 



109 



sabai bhanda 


^r ^i 




of all 


sabaijaso 


-H^-Hl 


pron. 


almost all 


saber 


<h^k 


adj. 


early 


saberai 




adv. 


early 


sabha 


^"m 


n. 


assembly, meeting, 
gathering 


sabhapati 


^^FT% 


n. 


chairman [of a meeting, 
organization or party] 


sabhyata 


Wdl 


n. 

i : 


civilization, civility, 
politeness, courtesy, good 
manner 


sabik 


^iP*!* 


adj. 


former, previous 


sabun 




n. 


soap 


sabunko gaj 




n. 


soap foam 


sabunko phinja 




n. 


soap foam 


sabut 


-H<Nd 


n. 


proof, evidence, testimony, 


j. i 


-\ 




demonstration 

1— ' _ 


sacetak 


*Md + 


n. 


whip 


saciv 


U-4)e| 


n. 


secretary, advisor, 
companion 


sacivalaya 


Ufa^M^ 


n. 


secretariat 


sadak 


fl^ + 


n. 


road [metalled] 


sadan 


*WH 


n. 


residence, house, 
assembly hall 


sadar 


*K< 


n. 


acceptance, approval, 
sanction 


sadar upatyaka 


*K< vdHrM+l 


n. 


central valley 


sadashya 


*R"?*T 


n. 


member 


sadashyaharuprati 


flWS^yPd <**H-4lPd 


n. 


politics of oppression 


daman-niti 






towards members 


sadasya 


<H<*<W 


n. 


member 


sadasyata 


-H<*Wdl 


n. 


membership 


sadbhavana 


^l=HI 


n. 


friendship 


sadhain 


m 


adv. 


always 


sadhan 


tfTSR" 


n. 


material, resource, 
medium, means, 
equipment 


sadhana 


*TTSPTT 


n. 


devotes labour or striving, 
object of devotion; 
controlling spirit or ghost by 
reciting sacred verses; 



110 



sadharan 


HW\i v \ 


sadharan sabha 


<HiyK«J| m\ 


sadhe 


*nS 


sadiccha 


<hP«^i 


sadupayog 




sadyantra 


1<<M 


sagapat 


^FNTcT 


sagar 


<HHK 


sagar 


*HK 


sagarkhand 


*HK<sl«-^ 


sagarmatha 


«HK*JI*1I 


sagaunu 




saghaunu 


V3 


saglo 


<hm"1 


sagsabji 


<HM<H<*f) 


sahabhagi 


W^TPft 


sahabhagita 


^^iPldl 


sahalekhak 


<HSH^ + 


sahamat 


<H$^d 


sahamati 


<H^Pd 


sahan 


AeM 


sahanu 




Sahara 


*\m\ 


sahasrabdi 


«$yi«0 


sahaya 


-HSM 


sahayak 


U3W+ 


sahayak nadi 


U3W + H<{) 


sahayata 




sahayog 




sahayog samiti 


^e!A|MI flWId 



adj. 


penance, propitiation 
common, simple, general 


n. 


general assembly 


adj. 


half past 


n. 


good wishes, good will 


n. 


utilization 


n. 


conspiracy, plot, intrigue 


n. 


(leafy) vegetables 


n. 


ocean, sea 


n. 


sky, heaven 


n. 


sweet potato 


n. 


Sagarmatha, 
Chomolungma, Mount 
Everest 


v.t. 


to help, to assist, to aid 


v.t. 


to help, to assist, to aid 


adj. 


whole, complete, undivided 


n. 


vegetables 


n. 


partner, accomplice 


n. 


participation 


n. 


co-author 


n./adv. 


agreement, of one and the 
same mind or opinion 


n. 


agreement, concurrence, 
content 


n. 
v.t. 


endurance, enduring, 
bearing 

to forbear, to endure, to 
brook, to sustain, to 
withstand 


n. 


help, assistance, support 


n. 


millennium 


n. 


help, assistance, support 


n. 


assistant, helper, colleague 


n. 


tributary (river) 


n. 


help, assistance, support 


n. 


cooperation 


n. 


cooperative society 



111 



sanayogi 


WM\*\\ 


sahinlo 


*ufe'«fl 


sahitya 


H\\br*\ 


sahityakar 


*ufecM+K 


sahityashastra 


*M?WH\\W 


sahityik 


'HlP^R-^cb 


sahu 


-Hl£ 


sahu 


<HIS 


sahuni 




saiddhantik 


^4lP-d* 


sainik 


^Ph* 


sainik viman 


UH + l°HH 


saintis 


#J\H 


saja 


*NII 


sajaya 


*MW 


sajha 


-HIsHI 


sajilo 


«fa*n 


sakali 


U+Hl 


sakbhar 




sakesamma cando 


<H+-HH -cll^l 


saknu 


«4H 

V3 


saksham 


?$m 


sakshar 


wm 


saksharta 


fllSKdl 


sal 


-HM 


salabalaunu 


\3 


salah 


Ho\$ 


salai 


w\i 


salaiko batta 


HoUi *\£\ 


salakhala 


UMHslMI 



n. 


colleague, supporter, 




assistant, friend 


n. 


third eldest [of brothers] 


n. 


literature 


n. 


writer, author 


n. 


poetics, rhetoric, literature 


adj. 


literary 


n. 


merchant, trader, money- 




lender, banker 


n. 


shopkeeper, merchant, 




trader, businessman, 




moneylender 


n. 


shopkeeper (female) 


adj. 


according top principle, 




theoretical 


adj. 


military 


n. 


military plane 


num. 


thirty-seven, 37 


n. 


punishment, confinement, 




penalty 


n. 


punishment, confinement, 




penalty 


n. 


cooperative, joint enterprise 


adj. 


easy, simple 


adj. 


original, true, pure, good, 




genuine 


adv. 


as much as possible 


comp. 


as fast as possible, as soon 




as possible 


v.t. 


to be able; to finish, to 




complete 


adj. 


capable, competent 


adj. 


literate 


n. 


literacy 


n. 


year [of vikram samvat] 


v.i. 


to move restlessly 


n. 


locust 


n. 


matches 


n. 


match-box 


adj. 


on the average 



112 



salana 

sali 

salig 

salik 

salinda 

sallaha 

sallahakar 
salo 

samacar 
samadhan 

samagra 

samaj 

samaj shastra 

samaj ik 

samajvad 

samajvadi 

samajvad i rajya 

samaksha 

samalocana 

saman 

saman 

samanta 

samanti 
samanvaya 

samanya 

samanya ling 
samanya nam 






*WHdl 

dl<IH 



adj. 


annually, every year, yearly 


n. 


wife's younger sister 


n. 


statue, effigy, idol, image 


n. 


statue, effigy, idol, image 


adj. 


annually, every year 


n. 


consultation, advice, 
counsel, conference, 
deliberation 




advisor, consultant 


n. 


wif's younger brother 


n. 


news, information 


n. 


solving the problem, 
cracking the nuts, removel 
of doubts 


adj. 


whole, all, entire, complete 


n. 


society 


n. 


sociology 


adj. 


social 


n. 


socialism 


n./adj. 


socialist 


n. 


socialist state 


postp. 


before, in front of, 


n. 


review 



n. things, materials, 

apparatus, tools, 
belongings, appliances 

adj. similar, equal, alike, 

uniform, equivalent, 
identical, tantamount 

n. equality, equivalence, 

parity, similarity, likeness 

adj. feudal, feudatory 

n. combination, union, 

uniformity, harmony, 
natural succession 

adj. ordinary, general, common, 

usual, trivial, insignificant 

n. double gender 

n. generic term 



113 



samapta 
samarpan 

samartha 

samarthak 

samarthan 

samarthata 

samasta 

samasti 

samastigat 
samasya 
samasyagrasta 
samata 

samatal 

samay 

sambal 
sambandha 



*TRW 



sambandhi ^P^cft 

sambandhi sarvanam ^rsr^cft *HHIR 

sambhavana ^rf^T°RT 

sambhavatah ^TW: 

sambhranta ^TPfFrT 



sambodhan 


-HMly-- 


samcar 


*i^K 


samdhi 


*F?ft 


samdhini 


^fcsrft 


samet 


^Rd 



adj. 


finished, completed, 




accomplished 


n. 


offering, dedication, 




surrender, deliverynce, 




disposal, assignment 


adj. 


mighty, powerful, strong, 




able 


n./adj. 


supporter, vindicator; 




supporting 


n. 


support, ratification, 




corroboration 


n. 


capability, competence 


adj. 


whole, entire, all 


n. 


collectiveness, totality, 




aggregate 


adv. 


collectively 


n. 


problem, dilemma 


adj. 


problematic 


n. 


equalness, similarity, 




evenness 


adj. 


plain, level, smooth, even, 




flat; moderate 



n. time, period, season, 

opportunity, leisure, 
occasion 

n. support 

n. relation, relationship, 

connection, association, 
affinity 

suff. related with, pertaining to 

n. relative pronoun 

n. possibility, probability 

adv. possible, in all probability 

adj. perplexed, confused, 

bewildered 

n. address, calling aloud; 

vocative case 

n. news, information 

n. son's father-in-law, 

daughter's father-in-law 

n. son's mother-in-law, 

daughter's mother-in-law 

postp. with, together with, 



114 



saminya 

samiti 

samjhana 

samma 
sammat 

sammati 

sammelan 
sammilit 



*l|4fM 

IMS 



*F*Tcr 






sammyaunu ^j-uh^ 

sampadak ^4-hk+ 

sampadakiya ^4-hk<$a| 

sampadakiya sahayak ^-PTR^T WTW 

sampadakiya vibhag ^-PTR^T f°T^FT 

sampanna ^TR^T 



samparka 
sampradaya 

sampurna 

samrat 

samriddha 
samu 



*IHK|A| 



V3 



samuccaya ^T^PT 

samudaya ^RFI 

samudayavacak nam ^|A|e||x]cb ^\^ 

samudayik ^FT^rf^ 

samudra ^pre 





including, included 


adj. 


simple, common 


n. 


committee 


n. 


remembrance, 




reminiscence, memory 


postp. 


upto, as far as 


adv. 


unanimous, agreeing, 
agreed to, approved, 
sanctioned, permitted 


n. 


opinion, consent, approval, 
permission, acceptance, 
assent 


n. 


meating, conference 


adj. 


with eyes shut, with eyes 
closed, covered 


v.t. 


to level, to make plain 


n. 


editor 



adj. editorial 

n. assistant editor 

n. editorial department 

adj. rich, well-off, prosperous, 

wealthy, well-to-do 

n. company, association, 

union 

n. sect, religious society, 

mode, tradition, usage, 
custom 

complete, whole, entire, all, 
total, perfect, finished 

emperor, sovereign, king of 

the kings 

important 

before, in front of, opposite, 
facing 

n. assemblage, mass, 

collection 

n. collection, assemblage, 

group 

n. collective noun, generic 

term 

adj. collective, pertaining to 

community 

n. sea, ocean 



adj. 



adj. 
postp. 



115 



samudra sataha 
samuha 

samuhik 
samunnati 

samyatantra 
samyavad 
samyavadi 
san 
sana buva 

sancalan 
sancalan 
sancalit 

sancar 

sancaran 

sanco 

sandarbha 



*rhfr 



sandarbha-suci 


\3 


sandesh 


-H<^l 


sandhe 


H\d 


sanga 


^£ 


sangai lanu 




sangasangai 


<H^4 


sanggathan 


Ufhfrt 


sanggathanatmak 


*HI6«1lcH + 


sanggathanik 


Ufhbfa* 


sanggharsa 


*M 


sangh 


*T3" 


sanghu 


-HIM 



n. 


sea level 


n. 


collection, assemblage, 




group 


adj. 


collective 


n. 


progress, development, 




elevation, rise 


n. 


communism 


n. 


communism 


n./adj. 


communist 


n. 


jute 


n. 


mother's younger sister's 




husband 


n. 


managing, directing 


n. 


movement 


adj. 


managed, conducted, 




directed 


n. 


movement, motion 


n. 


movement, motion 


n./adj. ' 


1. key; true, sincere, genuine, 




real 


n. 


treatise, a collection of 




anthology, formation, 




construction; context, 




appendage, expansion 


n. 


bibliography 


n. 


information, news, 




message; command; gift 




present 


n. 


bull 


postp. 


with, along with 


v.t. 


to take along, to take away 


adj. 


together 


n. 


organization, union, league 


adj. 


organizational 


adj. 


organizational 


n. 


struggle, conflict, strife, 




friction 



assembly, association, 
multitude, monastery 

wooden bridge (of a log or 
planks), small bridge 



116 



sangkalan 
sangkalpa 

sangkat 



^F5 



sangkat 


-Hfd 


sangketik 


'Hl^Pdcb 


sanglo 


^l<<HI 


sanguro 




sangyojik 

sangyukta rastra 
sangh 


*wim+ 




sani ama 
sanishcavar 


*u«fl ^wi 




sanivar 


-HH4K 


sanjha 


<HI3 


sanjha paryo 


H\i\ 4-4) 


sankhyabodhak 


*M4Ui+ 


sankhyamatrabodhak 


*MWM4lfc| + 


sankramankal 


fl^ui+M 


sano 


<HI<il 


sanp 


my 


sanracana 


*K-=HI 


sanrakshak 


W<^ 


sanrakshan 


W<$m 


sansad 


<H>K 


sansadiya 




sansadiya vyavastha 


*W<iW °M«l*qi 


sanshodhan 


^wr 


sanshodhit 


^r^frffercT 



n. 
n. 



(usually made of bamboos 
or planks of wood) 
collection, compilation 

solemn promise, resolve, 
solution, determination 

distress, peril, caoamity, 
agony 



sanskar 



w?m 



n. 


hint, symbol, gesture, sign 


adj. 


token, nominal, symbolic, 
indicative 


n. 


roach 


adj. 


narrow 


n. 


conjunction 




United Nations 
Organization 


n. 


mother's younger sister 


n. 


Saturday 


n. 


Saturday 


adv. 


in the evening 




it became evening 


adj. 


numerical [grammar] 


n. 


cardinal number 


n. 


transitional period 


adj. 


small, little, inferior 


n. 


snake 


n. 


structure, composition, 
anatomy 


n. 


keeper, preserver, guardian 


n. 


guardianship, patronage, 
protection, conservation, 
tutelage 


n. 


parliament 


adj. 


parliamentary 


n. 


parliamentary affairs 


n. 


correction, purification, 
refinement, revision, 
amendment 


adj. 


corrected, amended, 
revised 


n. 


reformation, initiation, 



117 



sanskaran 

Sanskrit 

sanskriti 

sanskritik 

sanskritmaya 

sansmaran 

sanstha 

sansthagat 

sansthan 

sansthapan 

santa 

santa-mahanta 
santan 



santanabbe 
santan-nigraha 

santan-nirodh 

santaunna 

santulan 

sanu 

sanu 

sanvaidhanik 

sanvarddhan 

sanvedanshil 

sanvidhan 

saph 



^^b<tJ| 

c 
c 
c 

^d^ 

c 

^FTFTd" 









^d^T 

\3 



sapha 






n. 


purification 

correction, act of refining; 
edition 


n. 


Sanskrit 


n. 


culture, customs, tradition 


adj. 


cultural 


adj. 


sanskritized, full of Sanskrit 


n. 


recollection, memory, 
remembrance 


n. 


institution, establishment 


adj. 


institutional 


n. 
n. 


institution, establishment, 
corporation 

establishment, founding, 
initiation, inauguration, 
foundation 


n. 
n. 


mendicant, ascetic, pious 
person, devotee 

holy men 


n. 


family, extended family, 
lineage, genealogy, 
offsoring, children, 
breeding 


num. 


ninety-seven, 97 


n. 
n. 
num. 


birth control, family 
planning 

birth control, family 
planning 

fifty-seven, 57 


n. 


equalization, making equal 


adj. 


small, little, inferior 


adj. 


small, little, inferior 


adj. 


constitutional 


n. 


rearing, breeding, fostering 


adj. 


sensitive, sensible, feeling 


n. 


constitution 


adj. 
adj. 


clear, fair, pure, 
unadulterated, obvious, 
bright 

clean, clear, pure, 
transparent 



118 



saphal 
saphalibhut 
saphalta 
sar 

sara 
saraha 

saral 






adj. 


successful, effective, fruitful 


adj. 


successful 


n. 


success, achievement 


n. 


substance, essence, 




kernel, purport, chief part, 




vigour, spirit 


adj. 


all, whole, entire, complete 


adj. 


similar, like, resembling, on 




equal footing 


adj. 


easy, simple, plain, 




straightforward, upright, 




sincere 


n. 


Sarangi, a kind of violin 


v.t. 


to curse 



saranggi 


-HKHI 


n. 


sarangi, a Kina ot vionn 


sarapnu 
saripha 




v.t. 


to curse 
custard-apple 


-hRw 


n. 


sarkar 


*K+I< 


n. 


government, administration 


sarkari 


^<cbld 


adj. 


governmental, public, 
official, administrative 


sarkan bhasa 


*KcM0 *\\m 


n. 


official language 


sarnu 


\3 


v.t. 


to move, to remove, to 
shift, to copy, to infect 


sarnu 


\3 


v.i. 


to move, to spread 


sarp 


Wl 


n. 


snake 


sarva 


r 
r 


adj. 


all, entire, whole, complete 


sarvahara 


r 


n. 


proletariat 


sarvajan 




pron. 


everybody 


sarvajanik 


r 


adj. 


public 


sarvanam 


<■ Pi 


n. 


pronoun 


sarvanamik 




adj. 


pronominal 


sarvapracin 


*Myi-4H 


adj. 


oldest 


sarvashrestha 


r 


adj. 


best of all, preeminent, 
highest, supreme, 
paramount 


sarvasva 




n. 


entire property, everything 


sarvatomukhi 


Mi 


adj. 


universal, all pervading 


sarvekshan 


^rf^r 


n. 


survey 


sarvesarva 


<H?<H=li 


adj. 


all-in-all, supreme, chied of 
all 



sasana 



^RHT 



n. 



punishment, suppression 



119 



sashakta 

sashastra 

sasto 

sasu 

sasura 

sasuro 

sat 

sat 

sata 

sataha 

satahi 

satani 

satasi 

sataun 

satcalis 

sath 

sathattar 

sathi 

sathi 

sati 

satopuglo 
satra 
satsatthi 
satta 

satta 

sattais 

satta ri 

sattarudh 

satu 

satya 

saun 



TOT 



^TTcT 
^TTcTT 

*TW 
^# 

^TTcft 

*TTST 

*TTsft 

mil 




warn 



adj. 


potential, powerful, strong, 
forceful 


adj. 


armed, equipped with arms 


adj. 


cheap 


n. 


mother-in-law 


n. 


father-in-law 


n. 


father-in-law 


n. 


existence, essence, 




substance, goodness 


num. 


seven 


n. 


week, period of seven days 


n. 


surface, level 


n. 


exchange of currency 


n. 


change, exhange, 
interchange 


num. 


eighty-seven, 87 


adj. 


seventh 


num. 


forty-seven 


postp. 


with, including 


num. 


seventy-seven, 77 


n. 


friend, companion 


num. 


sixty, 60 


n. 


Sati, virtuous wife, chaste 




woman, faithful woman 


n. 


spirit, presence of mind 


num. 


seventeen, 17 


num. 


sixty-seven, 67 


n. 


change, exhange, 
interchange 


n. 


speculation 


num. 


twenty-seven, 27 


num. 


seventy, 70 


adj. 


ruling, wielding power 


n. 


flour of dryfried corn 


adj. 


true, real, right, veritable, 



n. 



correct, honest 

fourth month of the Nepali 
year [July-August] 



120 



saundarya 

saunvar 

saurya 

sauta 

sava 

saval 

saya 

sekaunu 

sekuva 

selaunu 

selroti 

sepilo 

seto 

seva 

sevan 

shabda 

shabdakos 

shahar 

shaharikaran 

shahi 

shahid 

shakta 

shakti 

shaktihina 

shaktiman 

shaktiparikshan 

shaktishali 

shamel 

shamil 



■^ r 



a r 



*HI^M 

mi 

STfrrT 

m*tt 





beauty, charm, pretiness 


n. 


Monday 


adj. 


solar 


n. 


co-wife 


adj. 


a quarter past 


n. 


question, plumb, a laden 




weight on a line 


num. 


hundred, 100 


v.t. 


to roast, to warm up 


n. 


roasted meat 


v.t. 


to cool 


n. 


Nepalese doughnut made 




of rice flour 


adj. 


shaded, dark 


adj. 


white 


n. 


service, attendance, 




worship 


n. 


service, attendance, 




worship 


n. 


word 


n. 


dictionary 


n. 


town 


n. 


urbanization 


adj. 


royal 


n. 


martyr 


adj. 


able, capable, strong, 




vigorous, energetic, hard, 




firm 


n. 


strength, power, prowess, 




capability, calibre, vigour, 




energy 


adj. 


powerless, impotent, 




enervated 


adj. 


powerful, capable, mighty, 




vigorous 


n. 


trial of strength 


adj. 


powerful, strong 


adj. 


assembled, gathered 




together, united together 


adj. 


assembled, gathered 



121 



shangka 
shankalu 
shankaradeva 

shanta 

sharad 

sharan 

sharanarthi 

sharat 

sharir 

shasak 

shasakiya 

shasan 

shasan parivartan 
shasana 
shasankal 
shasankarta 

shasanpaddhati 

shasan-pranali 

shasantantra 

shasit 

shastra 

shatabda 

shatabdi 

shatak 

shatru 

shatruta 

shaucalaya 

shav 



W 
TR7T 

■*MI«H+M 

■^"mpFrsfcr 

"SMUHHd'-'l 



TRTTsft 





together, united together 


n. 


doubt, suspicion, 




apprehension 


adj. 


suspicious, questionable, 




prone to suspicion, vague 


n. 


Shankaradeva [a Licchavi 




king, grandfather of 




Manadeva 1] 


adj. 


calm, quiet, mild, serene, 




pacific, grave, silent 


n. 


early autumn 


n. 


protection, shelter 


n. 


refugee, shelter-seeker 


n. 


early autumn 


n. 


body 


n. 


administrator, ruler, 




governor 


adj. 


governmental, 




administrative, public 


n. 


command, authority, 




governance, reign 


n. 


coup, putsch 


n. 


punishment, suppression 


n. 


term of office, reign 


n. 


administrator, ruler, 




governor 


n. 


polity, system of 




government 


n. 


government, constitution 


n. 


government, constituion 


adj. 


ruled, administered, 




governed; punished 


n. 


weapon, arms, tool, 




instrument 


n. 


century 


n. 


century 


adj. 


hundred, 100 


n. 


enemy 


n. 


enmity, hostility 


n. 


rest room, toilet 


n. 


corpse 



122 



shayad 
sherpa 

shikariko svarg 
shiksha 
shikshak 
shikshan 

shir 

Shista 

shisya 
shithilta 

shlok 

shobha 

shos 

shosak 
shosan 



shosit 
shram 
shravan 



shri 
shri 
shri 
shri 



langka 

man 

mati 



shuddha 

shukavar 
shukla paksha 



■\ r 



fkvz 
mm 



WW 



TTTfW 



adv. 


perhaps, maybe 


n. 


Sherpa [a Nepali 




nationality] 


n. 


hunting paradise 


n. 


education 


n. 


teacher 


n. 


teaching, instruction, 




education 


n. 


head, crest, noddle, 




summit, top of anything 


adj. 


gentle, polite, mannerly, 




civil, wellbred, refined, 




trained 


n. 


student, pupil, disciple 


n. 


feebleness, weakness, 




looseness, laxity 


n. 


verse, stanza, poetry, 




couplet 


n. 


beauty, handsomeness, 




magnificence, elegance, 




lustre, replendence 


n. 


suction, drying up, 




withering, dryness, 




absorption, sucking 


adj. 


absorbent, withering 


n. 


suction, drying up, 




withering, dryness, 




absorption, sucking, 




exploitation 


adj. 


exploited 


n. 


hard labour, toil, exertion 



fourth month of the Nepali 
year [July-August] 



n. 


Mr., Mrs., Ms., Miss 


n. 


Sri Lanka 


n. 


husband 


n. 


wife 


adj. 


pure, genuine, chaste, 
uncontaminated, clear, 
uncorrupted, unadulterated 


n. 


Friday 


comp. 


the moonlit half of a lunar 
month 



123 



shukravar 




shunya 


TRT 


shur 




shuru 


<p; 


shuru garnu 




shyarpa 


■SPTNT 

P 


siddhanta 


Ri^kd 


siddhi 


ftrfe 


siddhyaunu 


P P 


sikkim 


WK+^ 


siknu 

■i i_ 


P 


silbar 


P P 


siling 


WH^ 


sima 


#fTT 


simana 


RWMI 


simi 


m 

Pi Pi 


simit 


*VIWd 


sinbi 


Pi • 


sincai 


Ri^i* 

P P 


sincit 


raf^Rr 


sindur 




sindure 


P * 


singgapur 


hhiim< 


sinha 


ftrF 


sinhasan 


R^i*h 


sinki 


Ri-+| 



sip 

sipahi 
sipalu 

sipharish 






n. 


Friday 


n./adj. 


empty, mill, zero 


adj. 


hero, warrior, champion 


n. 


start, beginning 




to start, to begin 


n. 


Sherpa [a Nepali 




nationality] 


n. 


doctrine, tenet, established 




truth 


n. 


perfection, 




accomplishment, maturity, 




fulfilment, victory 


v.t. 


to finish, to complete, to kill 


n. 


Sikkim 


v.t. 


to learn 


n. 


aluminium 


n. 


ceiling 


n. 


boundary, border, limit, 




landmark 


n. 


boundary, border, limit, 




landmark 


n. 


bean 


adj. 


limited, restricted 


n. 


bean 


n. 


watering, irrigation 


adj. 


irrigated, drenched 


n. 


vermilion, lead powder 


adj. 


scarlet, vermilion-coloured 




Singapur 


n. 


lion 


n. 


throne, lion's seat 


n. 


soured raddish, fermented 




raddish 


n. 


handicraft, handiwork, art, 




craft, arts and crafts, skill 


n. 


soldier 


adj. 


skilful, experienced, clever, 




skilled 



recommendation, letter of 



124 



sirak 
sirani 
sirjana 

sisa 

sita 

siune kal 

siunu 

siyo 

skulma padhnu 

smaran-patra 

smarika 

smriti 



sodhakhoj 

sohra 
sojho 

somvar 

sopan 

spast 

sresta 

srot 

srot ra sadhan 

stambha 

stan 



facT 






smriti-patra 


c 


snan 


MM 


snankotha 


MM*lil 


so 


^TT 


sobhita 
socnu 













support; intercession 


n. 


quilt 


n. 


pillow 


n. 


creation, formation, 
construction 


n. 


lead 


postp. 


with, along with 


n. 


sewing machine 


v.i. 


to sew, to stitch 


n. 


needle 


comp. 


to go to school 


n. 


reminder, memorandum 


n. 


monument, memorial; 
commemorative volume 


n. 


memory, remembrance, 
memento 


n. 


reminder, memorandum 



n. 


reminder, memorandum 


n. 


bath 


n. 


bathroom 


adj. 


that, that one, he, she 


n. 


cobalt 


v.t. 


to think, to ponder, to 
consider 


n. 


research program, 
research project 


num. 


sixteen, 16 


adj. 


straigt, straigtforward, 
honest 


n. 


Monday 


n. 


steps, ladder, staircase 


adj. 


distinct, clear, intelligible, 
lucid, apparent, evident 


n. 


book-keeping, account, 
register book 


n. 


current, stream, channel, 




water course, source of 




income 


n. 


resources 


n. 


column 


n. 


breast 



125 



stava 

steshan 

sthagit 

sthan 

sthaniya 

sthapan 

sthapana 

sthapit 

sthayi 






n. 

n. 
adj. 

n. 

adj. 



adj. 



adj. 



sthayitva 


WMrt 


n. 


sthira 


falT 


adj 


sthirata 


f^Kdl 


n. 


sthiratva 


f^Kr=ll 


n. 


sthiti 


fcrfcf 


n. 


striling 
stuti 


\3 


n. 
n. 


subista 
subistako 


^pcl*dl 


n. 
adj 


sucana 




n. 


sucanapatra 


*MHIH^ 


n. 



praise, admiration; prayer, 
hymn 

station 

postpones, adjourned 

place, spot, site, position, 
house 

local, territorial, regional, 
topical 

establishment, foundation, 
setting up, creation, 
planting, placing 

establishment, foundation, 
setting up, creation, 
planting, placing 

propounded, founded, 
established, instituted, set 
up, fixed, placed, erected, 
installed 

permanent, stationary, 
fast, durable, lasting, 
stable, steady 

permanence, durability, 
sustainment 

stable, firm, fixed, 
permanent, constant, 
steadfast, immovable, 
determined, patient 

immobility, steadiness, 
stability, constancy, 
immutability, patience 

immobility, steadiness, 
stability, constancy, 
immutability, patience 

place, position, 
circumstance, condition, 
phase, equilibrium 

female [grammar] 

praise, glorification, eulogy, 
admiration; hymn of praise, 
invocation, solemn prayer 

easiness, comfort 

comfortable, easy 

notice, notification, 
information, advertisement, 
indication, hint 

advertisement, notice 



126 



suci 




suci 




sudhar 




sudharak 




sudharnu 




sudridha 




suga 

sujhau 

sujhav 


*HII 






sukhi 
sukhiya 


V3 




sukti 
sukul 

sukumvasi 
sukuti 




\3 O 




\3 Mi 


sun 


V3 


sunaulo 


*HMI 


sunaunu 


*HI^M 

\3 \S 


sundar 


\3 


sundha 




sungur 
suntala 




-H'-cWI 


suntale 




sunuvar 




supari 




suraksha 


\3 


surakshit 


W$ffi 



n. 
n. 
n. 


needle, a pointed piece of 
iron, goad, prong 

liste, table, index, 
catalogue 

improvement, reform, 
reformation, correction, 
amendment, renovationr 


n. 


reformer, improver, 
disciplinarian 


v.t. 


to correct, to reform, to 
amend, to make better 


adv. 
n. 


very strong, very firm, very 

rigid 

parrot 


n. 


suggestion, advice, counsel 


n. 


suggestion, advice, counsel 


adj. 


happy, pleased, delighted 


adj. 
n. 


pleasure loving, pleasant, 
happy 

good saying, beautiful 
sentence 


n. 
n./adj. 


a kind of straw mat, a 
person of high or 
respectable family 

a homeless person, 
homeless 


n. 


dried meat, jerk 


n. 


gold 


adj. 


golden 


v.t. 


to make others hear, to tell 


adj. 


beautiful, nice, pretty, 
charming 


n. 


trunk (of an elephant) snout 


n. 


pig, hog 


n. 


tangerine 


adj. 


orange-coloured 


n. 
n. 


Sunuwar [a Nepali 
nationality] 

areca nut, betel nut 




protection, security 


adj. 


well protected, in safety 



127 



surti 


\3 


suruva 




surya 


r 


susajjit 


\3 


susangat 




susangata 


*HHMI 


susangati 


\3 


suselnu 


<H<HH 


suselo 


fl*HI 



sushasan 

sushri 
susta 

sutne kotha 
sutnu 

sutrapat 
suvidha 
suvista 
svabhav 

svabhavatah 

svabhavik 

svaccha 

svad 
svadhin 

svadhinata 

svami 

svar 

svarg 









R"*TR 



RT#T 
RT#T?TT 



n. tobacco 

n. meat broth, meat soup 

n. sun 

adj. well adorned, well prepared 

well associated, well 
accompanied; reasonable 

n. good association, good 

companionship 

n. good companionship 

v.t. to whistle 

n. whistling, sighing; whistling 

sound made by the wind, 
sound produced by water 
while flowing 

n. good government, good 

rule, good administration 



n. 


Miss 


adj. 


lazy, slow, idle, tardy, 
inactive 


n. 


bed room 


v.i. 


to sleep, to go to sleep, to 
go to bed, to lie down 


n. 


beginning, commencement 


n. 


facility, convenience 


n. 


easiness, comfort 


n. 


habit, nature, temperament, 
character 


adv. 


naturally, by nature 


adj. 


natural, by nature 


adj. 


clean, clear, pure, 
transparent 


n. 


taste 


adj. 


independent, free, self- 



n. 



governing, autonomous 

independence, freedom, 
autonomy 

master, owner, lord, 
proprietor, husband 

voice, sound, tune, tone, 
vowel 

heaven, paradise, sky, 
heavens; a beautiful place, 



128 



svargavas 


<^=HMI<H 


svarup 


^«?M 


svasni 


WIHl 


svasnimanche 


WI^Kfc 


svasth 


?<m 


svasthya 


Wl**4 


svatah 


<<=ld: 


svatantra 


W<M 


svatantrata 


Wd^ldl 


svatantrata divas 


*«M«MI te=W 


svayam 


W*W 


svayambhunath 


*e||i|4-*H|>M 


svayamev 




svayamsevak 


-^=1 <M +4 ^H =1 ch 


svayang 


^ 


svayatta 


WWtI 


svayatta shasan 


WWtI *UI*H 


svayattashasi 


WKW«HKfi 


svayattata 


WKkldl 


svikar 


Hl+K 


svikrit 


c 


svikriti 


c 


syal 


WH 


syau 


^TT3" 


tadha 


dldl 


tadkanu 




tadkinu 


c1<|gM 


tai 


dri 


taipani 


dMPn 



taja 



dMT 





a pleasant site 


n. 


death, passing away 


n. 


shape, form, apperarance 


n. 


wife [common] 


n. 


woman 


adj. 


healthy 


n. 


health 


adj. 


voluntarily, spontaneous, of 
one's own accord 


adj. 


free 


n. 


freedom, independence 


n. 


independence day 


adv. 


personally, self 


n. 


Swayambhunath 


adv. 


personally, self 


n. 


volunteer 


adj. 


personally, self 


adj. 


autonomous, under one's 
control 


n. 


autonomy, self-government 


adj. 


autonomous 


n. 


autonomy 


n. 


acceptance, confession, 
assent, agreement 


adj. 


accepted, agreed, 
consented, conferred 


n. 


acceptance, sanction, 
approbation, 
acknowledgement, consent 


n. 


jackal 


n. 


apple 


adj. 


far (away) 


v.i. 


to walk speedily, to shout, 
to cry 


v.i. 


to walk speedily, to shout, 
to cry 


n. 


flat iron pan 


conj. 


though, notwithstanding 


adj. 


fresh, not stale; green, 



129 



tak 
tak 

takaliph 

takiya 

takuro 

tal 

tala 

tala 

tala 

talak 

talca 

talika 

talim 

talkanu 

talkinu 

talmel 

talu 
tama 
tamakhu 
tamang 

tamsanu 
tamu 

tanahun 

tanav 

tanba 
tanda 
tannu 



dT^F 

d+*lH 
df^TT 

dW 

dMT 

d^T 

d^TT 

d^F 

dT^TT 

dlfa«H 

dT#R" 

dM+H 



dW 

drm" 

d^TM 
dTfTT¥ 

d^RR 

dW 
d^T 
dTR 





unfaded; recent 


n. 


time, hour, opportunity, 




chance 


n. 


reflection, light; gazing, 




staring; looking at the 




things with closing the eyes 


n. 


trouble, pain, affliction 


n. 


pillow 


n. 


summit, top, peak, apex 


n. 


lake 


n. 


lock 


postp. 


down, below 


n. 


floor 


postp. 


upto, as long as 


n. 


lock 


n. 


list, key, table, schedule 


n. 


training, teaching 


v.i. 


to shine, to glitter, to 




sparkle 


v.i. 


to shine, to glitter, to 




sparkle 


n. 


co-ordination, 




concordance, harmony, 




agreement 


n. 


palate 


n. 


copper 


n. 


tobacco 


n. 


Tamang [a Nepali 




nationality] 


v.i. 


to be forward, to be active 


n. 


Tamu, Gurung [a Nepali 




nationality] 


n. 


Tanahun [former mini-state; 




today district in western 




Nepal] 


n. 


tension, tenseness, strain, 




tautness 


n. 


copper 


n. 


bed-sheet 


v.t. 


to draw, to pull, to drag 



130 



ansnu 
ap 

ap 

apani 
apari 

apke 

ar 

ara 

ara 

aranga 

araph 
araph 
arbuja 
ari khet 
arika 

arikh 



dTC 
dTqft" 

dT 
cTTCT 
dT 
cTTf 

dT^ 
dT^ 

z[f[ #d" 
drW 

dTT^ 



anko sag 


dKI+l 


ark 


r ^ 


arkari 


d+IHI 


arnu 


dM 

\5 


arph 


d 1 ^ 


arph 
arphbata 


d 1 ^ 

r 


d4>«1l6 


ami 


d«H 


arun 


d^| 


aruno 


dHI 


asartha 


dTf?f 


askar 


d*+< 


askari 


d^O 


at 


dZ 


atastha 


dd^l 



v.t. 


to stick, to fasten, to join 


n. 


penance, practice, heat, 
warmth 


n. 
conj. 


heat, warmth; mental 
sorrow, anxiety, regret 

although, nevertheless 


n. 
n. 


a plate made of leaves, 
leaf-plate 

frying pan 


n. 


cream 


n. 


star 


conj. 


but 


n. 


wave, whim, caprice; 
emotion, vibration 


n. 


direction, side 


conj. 


towards 


n. 


watermelon 


n. 


terraced field 


n. 


method, manner, way, 




means 


n. 
n. 


date [according to the 
western calendar] 

mustard greens [small] 


n. 


debate, discussion, 
argument 


n. 


vegetable curry 


v.t. 


to deep fry 


conj. 


towards 


n. 


direction, side 


postp. 


on the part of, from 


n. 


yam 


n. 


young man, youth, juvenile 


n. 


young man, youth, juvenile 


int. 


on account of that, from 
that reason, therefore 


n. 


smuggler 


n. 


smuggling 


n. 


shore, bank, beach, coast 


adj. 


neutral, objective, 



131 



tataunu 


ddl^d 

V3 


tatha 


cf^TT 


tathya 


cH^T 


tato 


ot 


tato 


dldl 


tato pani 


dldl Ml4) 


tattva 


ddd 



tau 


ClM 


tauko 


dl^cbl 


taulanu 


dMd 


tauliya 


dlR-WI 


tavar 


d°K 


tayar 


d^K 


tayar garnu 




tayar hunu 


d^K £d 


tayarima 


d^ilO 


tebbar 


CJssK 


tehra 


d¥ 


teis 


d$<H 


tekne lauro 




telbij 


d<*l4)^l 


telhan 


d*l?M 


tenis 


£Pd<H 


ternu 


-\ r 


tesro 


d<bl) 


tesro dhrava 


dtll M dd 


tettis 


dTfl<H 


thag 


A^T 


thagaha 


A^ll£l 


thagnu 


AH 


thaha 


wr 



indifferent 
v.t. to heat, to warm up 

conj. and 

n. truth, reality, substance 

n. mark, spot, scar, stain 

adj. warm, hot 

n. hot water, warm water 

n. truth; true state, essence, 

substance, the real factor 
of bringing things into 
existence 



n. 


sheet of paper 


n. 


head 


v.t. 


to weigh, to compare 


n. 


towel 


n. 


manner, way, mode, 
method 


adv. 


ready 


v.t. 


to make ready 


v.i. 


to be ready, to make ready 


n. 


readiness, preparation 


adj. 


thrice, threefold, three 
times, triplicate 


num. 


thirteen, 13 


num. 


twenty-three, 23 


n. 


staff, walking stick 


n. 


oilseed 


n. 


oilseed 


n. 


tennis 


v.t. 


to obey, to respect; to pay 
attention 


adj. 


third 


n. 


third pole 


num. 


thirty-three, 33 


n. 


cheat, knave, swindler 


n. 


cheat, knave, swindler 


v.i. 


to cheat, to deceive 


n. 


knowledge, information 



132 



thakai 

thakali 

thaknu 

thai 
thali 
thalni 
thalnu 

thalo 

thamaunu 

thami 

thamyaunu 

thana 

thana 

thanda 

thanda marubhumi 

thannu 

thapnu 

thar 

tharkaunu 

tharu 

thati 

thaun 

thegnu 

theknu 

thicnu 

thik 
thiti 
thiti 

thiti-riti 



?T^rTS 









*TPft 

to 
feat 

Mr 
fo%-ftfr 



n. fatigue, weariness, 

exhaustion 

n. Thakali [a Nepali 

nationality] 

v.i. to get tired, to become 

tired, to be exhausted 

n. plate 

n. small plate 

n. beginning, commencement 

v.t. to begin, to start, to 

commence 

n. place, land; levelled high 

place, table land 

v.t. to recognize, to know 

n. Thami [a Nepali nationality] 

v.t. to recognise, to know 

n. police station, police post 

n. police station, police post 

adj. cold, chilly 

n. tundra 

v.t. to think, to determine 

v.t. to establish, to erect, to 

place 

n. clan, tribe, subcaste 

v.t. to frighten, to shake 

n. Tharu [a Nepali nationality] 

n. pawn, stake, postponement 

n. place, spot, opportunity 

v.i. to last, to persist, to endure 

v.t. to fix, to sum up, to appoint, 

to post 

v.t. to press, to crush, to 

squeeze 

adj. right, correct 

n. lass, girl, young women 

n. arrangement, order, 

custom, regulation, usage 

n. arrangement, order, 

custom, regulation, usage 



133 



thito 


feet 


thople 


>M 


thopo 


sfrfr 


thor 


$K 


thorai 




thuli ama 


6«fl dim 


thulo 


6«fi 


thulo ba 


6<HI «NI 


thulo buva 


6<HI «M «■ 1 



thunse 

thunuva 

thuprai aunu 

thupro 

ti 

tibbat 

tighra 

tihun 

tikho 

tiknu 

til 

tin 

tin 

tinma 

tinma adhi bhanda 
kehi bad hi 

tippani 

tippanikar 
tira 
tirnu 
tirsana 



£RT 






\D 



\D 



eft 
JcfssTcT 

fcfW 

fcT^RT W$\ ^^T #£t 




n. lad, boy, young man 

adj. spotted 

n. drop, speck 

adj. less 

adj. a little, few 

n. father's elder brother's wife, 

mother's elder sister 

adj. big 

n. father's elder brother, 

mother's elder sister's 
husband 

n. father's elder brother, 

mother's elder sister's 
husband 

n. a large close-meshed 

basket 

adj. imprisoned, arrested 

v.i. to pour in, to swarm in 

n. heap, mound, pile, crowd 

pron. those 

n. Tibet 

n. thigh 

n. vegetable stew 

adj. sharp, pointed 

v.i. to last, to remain, to endure 

n. sesame 

n. tin 

num. three, 3 

under it, under them, under 
there 

a little bit more than half of 
them 

n. note, annotation, comment, 

commentary, observation, 
critical remark 

n. commentator 

postp. towards, in direction to 

v.t. tp pay 

n. desire for drink and food, 



134 



tis 
tithi 

titri 

toknu 

toli 

topalnu 

tori 

torika phul dekhnu 

tran 

tribhuj 

tricalis 

trihattar 

tripanna 

trisatthi 

tritiya purus 

tritiyapurusvacak 

triyakalap 

triyanabbe 

triyasi 

tukra 

tukrinu 

tulana 

tunginu 

tupi 

turunta 

tyag 

tyahan 

tyas tak 

tyasai 

tyasaile 



?frft 



r^M 



num. 


thirst; desire, wish, 
ambition 

thirty, 30 


n. 

n. 

v.t. 

n. 

v.t. 

n. 


date [according to the 
astrological calendar] 
a sour fruit [relished for 
pickle], tamarind 

to fix, to determine, to 
appoint, to decide 

small group, btch, party, 
team 

to pretend, to make a 
pretext 

mustard 




to be astonished 


n. 


protection, defence, safety 


n. 


triangle 


num. 


forty-three, 43 


num. 


seventy-three, 73 


num. 


fifty-three, 53 


num. 


sixty-three, 63 


n. 


third person [ling.] 


n. 


third person [grammar] 


n. 


function, task 


num. 


ninety-three, 93 


num. 


eighty-three, 83 


n. 


a small piece, 


v.i. 


to be divided to pieces 


n. 


comparison, similarity 


v.i. 
n. 


to come to an end, to be 
finished, to be completed 
pig-tail 


adj. 


immediate 


n. 


desertion, abandonment 


adv. 


there 


adv. 


at that time 


adv. 
conj. 


in that way, without any 
reason; free, vain 

therefore, so 



135 



tyaso hunale 


c^l eMM 


conj. 
adv. 

pron. 
adj. 
n. 
v.i. 

v.t. 

n. 
v.i. 

v.t. 

v.i. 

v.t. 

adj. 

adj. 

n. 

adj. 

n. 

adj. 

adj. 

n. 

n. 

n. 

adj. 

adj. 

v.t. 

v.i. 

n. 

n. 

n. 


so, thus 


tyasprati 

tyasto 
tyatiko 


c^-HUPd 


in this connection, 
concerning this 

such, that kind of, like that 
that much, that big 


ubhayaling 
ubhinu 


\3 


double gender 

to stand up, to stand, to get 
up 


ubhyaunu 




to cause to stand, to raise 
up 


ubjani 


^&jjr|| 


production, productivity 


ubjanu 


\0 


to grow, to grow up, to be 
produced 


ubjaunu 
ubranu 


V3 


to produce, to cause to 
grow 

to be left over 


ucalnu 
ucca 




to lift up 

high, lofty, upper, superior 


ucca parvatiya 


^x] l\J$\i\ 


alpine 


udaharan 


^\t<"\ 


instance, example, 
illustration 


udaharaniya 


4*\$<tfiM 


exemplary 


udan 
udar 




flight, act of flying or fleeing 

high minded, munificent, 
generous, open-hearted, 
noble-minded 


udarashaya 


vd<4KI*W 


generous, high-minded, 
magnanimous 


udarta 


^Kdl 


generosity, liberality, 
magnanimity, nobleness 


udarvad 


vd<4K«IW 


liberalism 


udarvadi 
udas 


vd<4K«ll<5) 


liberal, liberalist 
sad 


udasi 


^l<Hl 


sad 


udaunu 




to cause to fly; to waste, to 
squander, to gobble 


udaunu 

udaya 

uddesh 

uddeshya 




to rise (sun or moon) 

rising, ascent, dawning 

desire, wish, intention, 
purpose 

aim, objective 



136 



uddhar 


44i< 


udgar 


4i*\\< 


udharnu 


3STFT 


udhinnu 


V3 


udnu 


^\3 


udus 




udyamashil 


Nd^l-H^fkci 


udyat 




udyog 




udyogi 


vd^Hll 


ugharnu 




ughranu 




ugra 


^r 


uhan 


4$\ 


uhile 


3%^r 


ujad 


^i^ 


ujyalo 
ukali 


v^MI 


^cblHI 


ukalnu 


\3 


ukalo 


vd+Hl 


ukasnu 




ukelnu 




ukhan 




ukhelnu 


V3 


ukhu 


3^ 

\3 


ukkaunu 




ukkinu 


\3 


uklanu 


\3 


ukta 


^Tb 


ukti 


3fe 



n. 


kindness, charity 


n. 


exclamation, emotional 




statement 


v.t. 


to rip up 


v.t. 


to dig up, to pick out, to find 




out, to search, to select 


v.i. 


to fly 


n. 


bedbug 


adj. 


industrial 


adj. 


ready, prepared, raised, 




brought up 


n. 


industry, enterprise, effort, 




diligence 


adj. 


industrious 


v.t. 


to open, to unlock 


v.i. 


to be opened 


adj. 


wrathful, angry, fierce 


pron. 


he, she [very polite] 


adv. 


then, at that time, many 




years ago, long ago 


adj. 


deserted, isolated 


adj. 


light 


n. 


upward gradient 


v.t. 


to lift 


n./adj. 


steepness, upward 




gradient; steep 


v.t. 


ro raise, to rouse 


v.t. 


to vomit, to spew out 


n. 


proverb, saying, aphorism 


v.t. 


to uproot, to remove 


n. 


sugar cane 


v.t. 


to break open, to initiate 


v.i. 


to be selected, to be picked 




out 


v.t. 


to climb up, to ascend 


adj. 


mentioned, said 


n. 


statement, remark, a 




saying 



137 



ukusmukusaunu 

ullangghan 
ullas 




^swim 




ullekh 

ullekhniya 

ullikhit 




^o\q<\m 


v^RsId 


ulto 
umalnu 


3^r 




umarnu 
umedvar 




^+K=IK 


umer 


^m 


umkanu 

umlanu 

ummedvar 






^H^NK 


umranu 




un 


^H 


unancas 


^H-^m 


unannabbe 


\jr||rr|SG) 


unansattari 


^HI^Tld 


unansaya 


^Ml^ 


unasi 


^Ml4) 


unca 


^1 


uncai 
uncalis 


4>A\$ 


^^l<^ 


unco 


^1 


unco 

uni kammal 

unmulan 


^Ml 


^4) cbWH 


r 


unnais 


^Hl^ 


unnat 


<S"id 



v.t. 


to stifle, to cause 




claustrophobia 


n. 


violation, contravention 


n. 


joy, delight 


n. 


mention, reference, 




description 


adj. 


remarkable, worthy of 




being mentioned 


adj. 


written, mentioned 


adj. 


opposite, upside-down 


v.t. 


to cause to boil 


v.t. 


to cause to sprout 


n. 


candidate 


n. 


age, length of life 


v.i. 


to escape, to get free, to 




slip out 


v.i. 


to boil, to bubble up, to 




simmer 


n. 


candidate 


v.i. 


to sprout, to spring up, to 




grow up 


n. 


wool 


num. 


forty-nine, 49 


num. 


eighty-nine 


num. 


sixty-nine, 69 


num. 


ninety-nine, 99 


num. 


seventy-nine, 79 


adj. 


high, lofty 


n. 


height, tallness, summit 


num. 


thirty-nine, 39 


adj. 


high 


adj. 


high 


n. 


wollen blanket 


n. 


uprooting, destruction, 




eradication 


num. 


nineteen, 19 


adj. 


risen, progressed, 




improved 


n. 


progress, rise, 



138 



unnatishil 
unnayak 
unnayan 
unnu 

unsathi 

unta 

untis 

upabhog 

upabhokta 

upacar 

upadesh 
upadhi 

upahar 

upaj 

upakhyan 

upakram 

upalabdha 

upalabdhi 

upalakshya 

upama 

upanisad 

upanisadvadi 

upansanhar 
upanyas 














advancement, 




improvement, prosperity, 




elevation 


adj. 


progressive 


n. 


uplifter, reformer, leader 


n. 


uplift, development 


v.t. 


to wreath, to thread, to 




string, to pass a thread 




through a needle 


num. 


fifty-nine, 59 


n. 


camel 


num. 


twenty-nine, 29 


n. 


enjoyment 


n. 


consumer, user 


n. 


remedy, medical treatment, 




care 


n. 


instruction, counsel, lesson 


n. 


title, attribute, designation, 




status 


n. 


present, gift 


n. 


crop, produce, product 


n. 


legend, tale, episode (of a 




narration); proverb, sying 


n. 


plan, programme, 




preparations, beginning, 




preamble, preface 


adj. 


gained, felt, acquired, 




attained, available 


n. 


achievement, 




accomplishment 


n. 


sign, implication, ourpose, 




occasion 


n. 


comparison, simile, 




likeness 


n. 


Upanishads (the 




theological part of the 




vedas) 


n. 


(someone who is following 




the teachings of the 




Upanishads) 


n. 


conclusion, summary 


n. 


novel 



139 



upar 


^<H 


uparastrapati 




uparna 


3W 


upasabhapati 


3W*rn% 


upasthiti 


^mR«t% 


upatya 


^w 


upa-usnakatibandhi 




upayog 




upayogita 


vdH-MlHIdl 


upayukta 


\3 


upeksha 


3W 


upekshit 


^Mi^TcT 


uphranu 


\3 


upiyan 


^PTT 


uralnu 




urlanu 




usa 


dll 


usinnu 




uso 


vd^n 


uta 


vddl 


utarnu 


^dM 



postp. 


above, over, for 


n. 


vice-president 


n. 


scarf, shawl 


n. 


vice-chairman [of a 




meeting, organization or 
party] 


n. 


presence, attendance 


n. 


valley 


adj. 


subtropical 


n. 


use, utilization, application 


n. 


usefulness, utility 


adj. 


proper, suitable, 
appropriate 


n. 


slight, indignity, neglect, 
disregard, contempt, scorn 


adj. 


neglected, ignored, 
discarded, disregarded 


v.i. 


to jump, to leap 


n. 


flea 


v.t. 


to instigate, to incite 


v.i. 


to surge up, to rise up, to 
come in waves; to become 




angry 


n. 


dawn, daybreak 


v.t. 


to boil while cooking 


adj. 


like that, such 


adv. 


there, thither 


v.t. 


to cause to get off, to cause 
to descend, to help to 
descend, to take off 




(clothes) 


n. 


overturning, change 



uthal-puthal 


\3 


n. 


overturning, change 


uthaunu 


^6M-1 


v.t. 


to wake up, to rouse, to 








cause to rise 


uthnu 


^6H 


v.i. 


to get up, to stand up, to 
stand 


uti 


Pi > 


adv. 


that much 


utnikher 


W( 


adv. 


meanwhile, at that time 


utpadan 


vicHKH 


n. 


production 


utpatti 


vdcHIrl 


n. 


origin, production 



140 



utpidak 




n. 


oppressor 


utpidit 


np r 


n. 


oppression, persecution, 
harassment 


utpidit varga 


xjc^kld *PT 


n. 


oppressed class 


utranu 




v.i. 


to get off, to descend, to 
float, to rise out of, to rise 
above 


utrinu 




v.i. 


to get off, to come down, to 
descend 


utsaha 


^c*il£ 


n. 


enthusiasm, excitement 


utsav 


^c*H 


n. 


entertainment, festival, 
celebration, festivity 


utsukta 




n. 


enthusiasm, excitement 


uttam 


^t\H 


adj. 


supreme, best 


uttano 


^t1M| 


adj. 


flat on one's back 


uttar 


^tK 


n. 


answer, reply; north 


uttaradhikari 


^tHI^iO 


n. 

i : 


heir, successor, inheritor 


uttardayi 


^tK«|4) 


adj. 

i : 


responsible, answerable, 
accountable 


uttejit 


^Md 


adj. 


excited, quickened 


utthan 


3?^ 


n. 


upliftment; progress, 
emancipation 


vacan 


«m 


n. 


speech, utterance, talk 


vad 


^T? 


n. 


theory, dispute, controversy 


vaicarik 


shift* 


adj. 


ideological 


vaidhanik 


^iPh* 


adj. 


constitutional, according to 
the constitution 


vaishakh 


tsrra" 


n. 


first month of the Nepali 
year [April-May] 


vajracarya 


^MM 


n. 


Vajracharya, Bajracharya, 
a tantric guru, a Buddhist 
priest 


vaktavya 


=lTh^ 


n. 


speech, statement, topic 


vampanthi 


=imM^ 


n./adj. 


leftist 


van biralo 


^T P^KHI 


n. 


wild cat 


van upabhokta 
samuha 




n. 


forest users group 


vanbhoja 


^T*TRT 


n. 


picknick 


vanijya 


=nf&M 


n. 


trade, commerce, business 


vanko dhan 


=H*I SfFT 


n. 


forest resources 



141 



vansha 

vardan 
varga 
varga mil 
vargahin 
vargahin samaj 
varipari 

varnan 

varsa 
varsa 

varta 

vartalap 

vartaman 

vasanta 

vasi 

vastavik 

vastavikta 
vastu 

vastutah 
vata varan 

veda 

vela 

veshya 

vibhag 

vibhagiya 

vibhajan 
vibhinna 



3TT 



=hi£1h 

^TdT 

=lldMH 
4d"^H 



=H*dP=|cbdl 



eHdM<«l 



n. 
n. 


clan, pedigree, dynasty, 
lineage, birth, family, tribe, 
generation 

boon 


n. 


class, kind, series, row 


n. 


square mile 


adj. 


classless 


n. 


classless society 


adv. 


all round, round about, on 
all sides 


n. 


description, narration, 
encomium 


n. 


year 


n. 


rains, rainy season, 
monsoon 


n. 
n. 


discourse, account, 
conversation, topic, talk, 
dialogue 

dialogue, conversation, 
talk, discourse 


adj. 


current, existing, modern, 
current time, present time 


n. 


spring 


n. 


inhabitant, dweller 



adj. 


in reality, essential, 
genuine, true, virtual 


n. 


reality, truth 


n. 


thing, item, substance, 
article, property; cattle 


adv. 


in reality 


n. 


condition, surrounding, 
environment, 
circumstances, situation 


n. 


Veda 


n. 


time 


n. 


prostitute, whore, harlot 


n. 


section, part, department 


adj. 
n. 


departmental, related to the 
department 

section, part, department 


adj. 


various, diverse, different 
kinds of 



142 



vicalan 



vicar 



videsh 

videshi 

videshi sahayata 

vidhan 

vidheyak 
vidhi 

vidhipurvak 

vidhivat 



vidit 

vidroha 

vidvan 
vidya 

vidyabhyas 

vidyalaya 

vidyarambha 



vidyarthi 

vidyarthi gatividhi 

vidyashram 

vidyut 

vigat 

vighatan 

vigyan 



Mr 



f^rr 



f^rr*ft 
toft TifM^r 



n. 


departure, deviation, 




moving about, 




unsteadiness 


n. 


consideration, observation, 




notion, idea, judgement 


n. 


foreign country 


n. 


foreigner 


n. 


foreign aid 


n. 


legislation, act, law, 




ordinance, regulation, rule 


n. 


bill [in a legislature] 


n. 


method, procedure, law, 




rule, prescript 


adv. 


duly, methodically, 




systematically 


adv. 


duly, methodically, 




systematically, in 




conformity with rules, as 




prescribed by law 


adj. 


known, understood, 




acquainted 


n. 


revolt, rebellion, mutiny, 




treason 


n./adj. 


scholar; learned, wise 


n. 


knowledge, learning, 




attainment 


n. 


study, habit of study, 




practice of learning 


n. 


school, college, academy, 




seminary 


n. 


initiation into one's studies 




with religious solemnities, 




the beginning of reading an 




writing 


n. 


student 



n. 


student 


n. 


student movement 


n. 


boarding school 


n. 


electricity 


adj. 


past, gone away 


n. 


break up, dissolution, 
destruction 


n. 


acquired knowledge, 
conscience, wisdom, 
understanding, science 



143 



vihina 

vihinata 

vijaya 

vijaya 

vijaya dashami 

vijayi 

vijeta 

vikas 

vikasit 

vikasit 

vikat 

vikendrikaran 

vikhandan 

vikhandit 

vikriti 

vilas 



vilayat 

viman 

vimansthal 

vinash 

vipanna 



P«l£)Hdl 

tor 

fairer srnft 
far* 

f^RTT 
f^FRT 

c 



postp. devoid of, deprived of, 

destitute of 
n. missing, non-existence 

n. victory, triumph, conquest 

n. the goddess Durga, the 

Durga Puja festival 

n. the Dashara festival, the 

Dasain festival 

n./adj. victor, conqueror, 

vanquisher; victorious, 
triumphant 

n. conqueror, victor, one who 

has achieved victory 

n. development, expansion, 

evolution 



iparit 


fWTcf 


iphal 


P=m-H 


ir 


3k 



adj. 


developed 


adj. 


developed 


adj. 


dreadful, difficult, hideous 


n. 


decentralization 


n. 


fission, breaking up, 




splitting up, fragmentation 


adj. 


divided, separated, split up : 




cut off, broken 


n. 


deformation, defilement, 




mutilation, defect 


n. 


luxury, enjoyment, 




luxurious life, sensuous 




pleasure, pleasure with the 




opposite sex 


n. 


foreign land, foreign 




country, Europe, England 


n. 


airplane, airship 


n. 


airfield, airstrip 


n. 


destruction, ruin, disaster, 




loss 


adj. 


distressed, afflicted, fallen 




into calamity, in a critical 




state 


adj. 


opposit, contrary, reverse, 




adverse, hostile 


adj. 


fruitless, useless, 




unsuccessful 


adj. 


brave, courageous, heroic, 




gallant 



144 



viraha 


for* 


n. 


separation, parting, 
estrangement; loss 


virodh 


fa (to 


n. 


dissension, discrepancy, 
hostility, discord, objection, 
antagonism 


viruddha 


IW 


postp. 


against, opposed, opposite, 
contrary, adverse, hostile 


visakta 


H'HlTh 


adj. 


toxic, poisonous, 
venomous, vituperative 


visalu 


HIM 


adj. 


toxic, poisonous, 
venomous, vituperative 


visaya 


r«iH^ 


n. 


subject, topic, article 


visaya-kram 


fa<M-*^ 


n. 


contents, table of contents 


visayantar 


feewiTK 


n. 


an outside subject, another 
topic 


visayapravesh 


r«(H^y^i 


n. 


introduction, preface, 
foreword, preliminary 


visaya-pravesh 


P=m y^i 


n. 


introduction 

subject matter, something 
discussed 


visayavastu 


\3 


n. 


vishal 


fV$TM 


adj. 


big, very big, gigantic, 
extensive, large, palatiol, 
huge, great 


vishes 


Pi ^ 


adv. 


extraordinary, unusual, 
special, distinguished, 
famous 


vishes adalat 


TBRTT 3T^T^Rf 


n. 


special court 


vishes nam 


fasflq nw 


n. 


proper name 


vishesagya 


P=i^m?i 


n. 


expert 


vishesan 


fa^lqui 


n. 


adjective 


vishesya 


fMH 


n. 


substantive; a noun with an 



vishista 

vishva 
vishvas 

vishvasniya 

vishvasniyata 

vishvaspatra 
vishvavidyalaya 



f^rcpfrqcTi 

fV*HI<HHM 



adj. 



adj. 



n. 
n. 



adjective qualifying it 

conspicuous, remarkable, 
important, distinguished, 
extraordinary 

universe, the whole world 

belief, trust, faith, reliance, 
confidence, assurance 

trustworthy, reliable, 
creditable 

trustworthiness, reliability, 
creditability 

reliable person, confidant 
university 



145 



vishvayuddha 
viskambhak 
vismayadibodhak 
visphot 

visphotak 
vistar 

vistarit 
vivad 

vivaha 

vivaran 

vivash 

vividh 

vividhta 
vriddha 

vriddhavastha 
vriddhi 

vrihaspativar 
vriksha 
vriksharopan 
vrisadeva 

vyakhya 
vyakhyan 

vyakta 

vyakti 

vyaktigat 
vyaktitva 



P«|eK"l 
f¥WT 



c 
c 
c 

STTMT 
^TtF. 



n. 


world war 


n. 


interlude (in a drama) 


n. 


interjection 


n. 


outburst, explosion, 
eruption; smallpox 


adj. 


explosive 


n. 


extension, expansion, 
extent; spread 


adj. 


expanded, enlarged 


n. 


discussion, debate, 
dispute, altercation, 
quarrel, controvercy 


n. 


marriage, wedding, 
matrimony 


n. 


description, account, 
statement 


adj. 


dependent, helpless, 
subjected 


adj. 


different, diverse, various, 
miscellaneous 


n. 


diversity, variety, variation 


adj. 


old, aged, advanced in 
years, mature; ancient 


n. 


old age 


n. 


progress, increase, 
increment, rise, growth, 
enlargement 


n. 


Thursday 


n. 


tree 


n. 


tree plantation 


n. 


Vrishadeva [name of a 
Licchavi king, great- 
grandfather of Manadeva 1] 


n. 


explanation 


n. 


speech, lecture, 
explanation, exposition 


adj. 


clear, discernible, 
expressed, stated, 
mentioned 


n. 


person, individual, 
manifestation 


adj. 


personal, individual 


n. 


personality, individuality, 



146 









self 


vyaktivacak nam 


°Mirb«IM + r\\H 


n. 


proper name, proper noun 


vyangya 


°w 


n. 


sarcasm, irony, innuendo 


vyangya-citra 


^^-^N 


n. 


cartoon 


vyapar 


^HK 


n. 


business, trade, profession, 
occupation, industry 


vyapta 


*Mlk1 


adj. 


diffused, pervaded, 
occupied, overcast, 
scattered, flush 


vyatha 


oam\ 


n. 


pain, suffering, misery, 
distress, injury, ache 


vyavahar 


^M£K 


n. 


behaviour, conduct, 
manner, treatement 


vyavasay 


=^«I<HW 


n. 


undertaking, occupation, 
employment; engagement, 
business 


vyavastha 


ci|o|^rr 


n. 


system, method, regulation, 
management, settlement, 
systematization, form 


vyavasthapan 


oom?WR 


n. 


organizing, systematizing 


vyavasthapika 


ci|o|^nfir^r 


n. 


legislative 


vyavasthapit 


^=i^rrf% 


adj. 


established, systematized, 
managed 


vyavasthit 


ci|=|R€RT 


adj. 


systematic, methodical, in 
order 


yadyapi 


unfa 


conj. 


although, though, even, if, 
however, notwithstanding 


yagya 


^ra" 


n. 


religious sacrifice, oblation 


yahan 


wi 


adv. 


here, at this place, hither 


yahi 


^r# 


pron. 


this very 


yahi nai 


^r# t 


pron. 


this and no other 


yas karan 


W *\<"\ 




so, because of this 


yas kramma 




i 


for this reason, so 

J.I J.L. — £ 


yasaigari 


nw\<\ 


adv. 


consequently, therefor, so 


yashasvi 


m\^\ 


adj. 


renowned, reputed, 
glorious 


yashogan 


ZPMHIH 


n. 


eulogy, singing of praises 


yasmadhye 


mw&i 


adv. 


by that, in this 


yaso 




adj. 


like this, such 


yasogari 


Mm*\<\ 


adv. 


consequently, therefor, so 


yasto 


md\ 


pron. 


like this, of the same kind 



147 



yasto andhyaroma 


mw\ w#m\ 


yata 


£RTT 


yatauta 


ilclHcll 


yatayat 


HM\HW 


yathavat 


^Nd 


yati 


#r 


yatiko 


qfa+l 


yatra 


^rnrr 


yatri 


rt 


yatro 


*nfr 


yauvan 


4^«M 


yayavar 


A||A|M< 


yog 


^frn" 



yogadan 



AIMKM 



comp. 


in such darkness 


adv. 


here, at this place, hither 


adv. 


hither an thither, here and 




there, in all directions 


n. 


transportation, traffic 


adv. 


in situ, intact, as before 


adv. 


this much, thus much, so 




much 


adv. 


so much 


n. 


trip, voyage 


n. 


traveller, pilgrim, tourist 


pron. 


so great, so big 


n. 


youth, adolescence, 




manhood, puberty 


n. 


nomad, wanderer 


n. 


joining, junction, 



n. 



combination, union, 
coupling; relationship, 
connection 

cooperation, help, 
assistance, contribution 



yogaphal 


4HIM-H 


n. 


the sum total 


yogyata 


SH^dl 


n. 


power, strength, talent 


yojana 


AIMHI 


n. 


planning 


yug 




n. 


epoch, era, age 


yugoslabhiya 




n. 


Yugoslavia 


yurop 




n. 


Europe 


yuropeli 




adj. 


European 


yuva 


M4\ 


n. 


youth 


yuvati 




n. 


young woman, youthful 
woman 



148